Course detail

# Physics I

Physical terms and quantities. Kinematics - basic quantities of motion. Dynamics - Newton's Laws of mechanics, force, momentum, work, power and energy. Hydrostatics and hydrodynamics of ideal liquids. Thermal motion, temperature, statistic mechanics demonstration of temperature moving. Gravitational fields - Newton's law of gravity, intensity and potential of field. Electrostatic Field - Coulomb law of electric field, intensity and potential of field. Electric current - Ohm's law, electromotive voltage, Kirchhoff's laws.
Magnetic field, electromagnetic field, Maxwell equations. Simple theory of alternate currents and circuits. Vibrations, harmonic oscillator, persistent oscillator, absorbed vibrations, superposition of vibrations. Waves, basic order of waves, superposition of waves. Geometric optics - laws of reflection and refraction in homogenous medium. Wave optics - interference, dispersion and polarisation of electromagnetic waves.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will obtain basic knowledge of mechanics, theory of physical field and wave and quantum physics

Prerequisites

Mathematics - basic of vector algebra, derivation, integration, improper and proper integral, linear differential equations of second order

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Halliday, D. - Resnick, R.: Fyzika , VUT v Brně, Brno 2005 (CS)
Krempaský, J.: Fyzika 1, 2 EF SVŠT v Bratislavě, Bratislava, 1978 (CS)
Berkeley Physics Course, Mcgraw-Hill College Berkeley 1965 (Vol. I – V) (CS)
Šikula, J., Liška M, Vašina, P.: Fyzika I, II, VUT v Brně, Brno 1991 (CS)
Zmeškal O., Novotný R.: Fyzika - sbírka příkladů; Mechanika, FCH VUT v Brně, Brno, 2007 (CS)
Zmeškal O., Novotný R., Handlíř R.: Fyzika - sbírka příkladů: Fyzikální pole, FCH VUT v Brně, Brno 2008 (CS)
Zmeškal O., Krčma F., Buchníček M., Fyzika - sbírka příkladů. Vlnová a kvantová fyzika FCH VUT v Brně, Brno 2007 (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 3 teaching hours per week, seminars - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

It is required from theoretical exercises obtain minimum 10 from 20 points and to be succesfull in two tests (minimum 4 points from 8 for each test) Examination verifies the knowledge of definitions, laws and their applications on the examples namely. Examination is in oral form. The student can graduate the oral examination after obtaining of 18 points in exercises, it is succesfull in minimum 32 points.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Kinematics of mass point in classic and special theory relativity
2. Dynamics of mass point in classic and special theory of relativity
3. Kinematics and dynamics of many particle system and rigid body
4. Mechanics of fluids (liquids and gases)
5. Test (Mechanics)
6. Gravitation and electrostatic field
7. Steady state current
8. Magnetic field
9. Electromagnetic field
10. Vibrations and waves
11. Geometric and wave optics
12. Wave and quantum physics
13. Test (Physical field, Wave and quantum physics)

Aims

The object of Physics I is to be well informed about quantities and units of the SI system. Furthermore, gain a notion of particles movements, their systems, solids and continuum in force fields with respect to energetic approach. To obtain this, the brief gravitational and electrostatic theory will be given. As a special case students gain knowledge of heat motion and orientated motion of charge carriers forming electricity. The students takes some information about modern physics at the end of course. The objective is to show that physics is the theoretical ground and starting point of engineering branch.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Participation at seminars and gaining of at least 18 points from the control work in theoretical exercise (Mechanics - 8 points, Physical field - 8 points, 20 points in the exercises). If the student fails to fulfill this condition, the teacher may set a substitute grant condition. The remaining 64 points can be obtained after a successful oral exam. To qualify for a credit, at least 50% of points for each part (4 points, 4 points, 10 points) must be met. A minimum of 50% points (32 points) must be awarded for the successful passing of the exam. The assessment of the test takes into account the point assessment of the exercise.

Classification of course in study plans

• Programme BPCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

branch BPCO_SCH , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

• Programme BKCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

branch BKCO_SCH , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

• Programme BPCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

branch BPCO_CHTOZP , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

• Programme BKCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

branch BKCO_CHTOZP , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

• Programme BPCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

branch BPCO_CHMN , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory
branch BPCO_CHM , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

• Programme BKCP_CHCHT Bachelor's

branch BKCO_CHM , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

• Programme BPCP_CHTP Bachelor's

branch BPCO_BT , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

• Programme BKCP_CHTP Bachelor's

branch BKCO_BT , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory
branch BKCO_PCH , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

• Programme BPCP_CHTP Bachelor's

branch BPCO_CHP , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

• Programme CKCP_CZV lifelong learning

branch CKCO_CZV , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

#### Type of course unit

Lecture

39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer