Course detail

Microprocessors

FEKT-BMICAcad. year: 2017/2018

The course is focused on of microprocessor and embedded systems. Students are familiarized with application of microcontrollers, memory systems and memory management. The students will achieve practical experience with programing of the microcontrollers in assembler and C language.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Graduate should be able to:
- design combination logical circuits,
- design sequence logical circuits based on Moore or Mealy finit state machine,
- design connection of external memory with microcontroller,
- create software for microcontroller in assembly and C language,
- describe memory hierarchy and explain usage of cache memory,
- explain difference between microprocessor, microcontroller, DSP and signal controller,
- explain segmentation, paging and virtual memory.

Prerequisites

The student should be able to create simple C language program and explaine function of the elementary electronic parts.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Pinker J., Poupa M. Císlicové systémy a jazyk VHDL. Praha: BEN, 2006. 349 s. ISBN 80-7300-198-5. (CS)
Ličev L., Morkes D., Procesory - architektura, funkce, použití. Brno: Computer press, 1999. 260 s. ISBN 80-7226-172-X. (CS)
Brandejs, M., Mikroprocesory Intel 8086 - 80486. Praha: Grada, 1991. 256 s. ISBN 80-85424-27-4. (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Techning methods include lectures, computer laboratories. Students have to create six assignments during the course.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Up to 40 points for the computer exercises including 10 points for the individual assignments and 30 points for two tests.
Up to 60 points for the final oral examination. Student have to obtaine min. 25 points for final examination.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Logical function. Boole's algebraic. Simplification of the logical functions. Realization of logical circuits wits NAND and NOR.
2. Binary decoder, multiplexor, demultiplexor, analog multiplexor, priority coder, digital comparator, code transformation.
3. Flip-flop: principle, RS, D, JK, T, master-slave flip-flop. Sequence logical circuits: finite state automat, Huffman's model of sequential automat, Mealy and Moore automat.
4. Data registers, shift registers, synchronous and asynchronous counters, deviders.
5. Von Neumann`s conception of the computer. Base cycle of the computer. Computer block diagram, ALU, controller, registers, memory, peripheral devices. Memory organization. Microprocessor, microcontroller, digital signal processor, digital signal controller.
6. Program, instruction, instruction set, types of instruction. Addressing modes.
7. Machine code, assembler. Subrutins, stacks manipulation. Difference between subrutin and macro.
8. I/O servicing: polling, interrupt-driven I/O, using DMA. Interrupt servicing. Mask, nonmask and pseudomask interrupts. Reset.
9. Peripheral subsystems of microcontrolers: ports, clock generation units, real-time interrupts , watchdog, timers, PWM, A/D and D/A convertors, SCI, SPI, IIC. Freescale HCS08 family microcontrollers.
10. Von Neumann, Harvard and modified Harvard architectures. Pipelining. Superscalar architecture. Multiprocessor systems and processor fields.
11. Memories, memory parameter. Principle and property of memory: SRAM, DRAM, SDRAM, DDR RAM, FeRAM, MRAM, EPROM, EEPROM, FLASH.
12.Memory bus interface. Memory hierarchy, memory cache.
13. Memory management. Address space. Logical and physical address. MMU. Base and limit registers. MMU. Paging and segmentation. Virtual memory.

Aims

The aim of the course is to teach the students to design the combination and sequence logical circuits, to give them base information about the principles of the microprocessors systems, the subsystems of the microcontrollers, and the software design for the embedded systems.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The computer exercises is compulsory, the properly excused missed computer exercises can be compensate.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme EEKR-B Bachelor's

    branch B-AMT , 2. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme EEKR-CZV lifelong learning

    branch ET-CZV , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Computer exercise

39 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer