Course detail

Sensors of nonelectrical Quantity

FEKT-MSNVAcad. year: 2015/2016

The course presents to studnets basic sensor principles, concepts and procedures of the non-electrical quantities measurements. It presents the specific problems of the non-electrical quantities measurements on the real industry problems and compare them with electrical quantities measurements. Also the optical and optical fibre sensors and measurement techniques, data acquisition, process and evaluation are preseneted.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will be able to:
- Get a basic, in good engineering practice to use the knowledge and skills of the fiber sensor and optical fiber sensors,
- Discuss basic design concept of the measuring chain,
- To determine the optimal method of measurement,
- Define the measured data,
- Describe the process and evaluate the measured and
- And more.

Course graduate should get basic knowledges and facilities in sensor field and the most commonly measured non-electrical quantities, include measurement concept design and results process and evaluaiton.

Prerequisites

Knowledge is required in the Bachelor's degree level (BMFV) and valid examination for qualifying workers for an independent activity (within the meaning of § 6 of the Decree). Graduates who writes the course should be chopen: - Describe different types (types of) sensors, - Explain the modulation used in sensors, - Describe and list the analog and digital sensors and measurement methods, - Explain interference phenomena and the resulting possibilities - Discuss and explain various types of interferometers - Define and design the basic blocks measuring systems, - Can measure basic physical quantities - And discuss application possibilities, if necessary. more. Those interested in the course should be equipped with the knowledge of basic physical and electrical principles.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

ZEHNULA,K.: Snímače neelektrických veličin, SNTL Praha, 1986 (CS)
ZEHNULA,K.: Čidla robotů. Praha SNTL, 1990 (CS)
ĎAĎO,S.-KREIDL,M.: Senzory a měřicí obvody. ČVUT Praha, 1996 (CS)
ĎAĎO,S.-BEJČEK,L.- PLATIL,A.: Měření průtoku a hladiny. Ben Praha 2005, (CS)
Internet
Firemní literatura

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations. Laboratory (numerical) is compulsory, properly excused absences laboratory exercises (maximum of two) can be arranged with the teacher substitute (usually in the credit week).
Techning methods include lectures and practical laboratories. Students have to write a two assignment during the course.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The test focuses on the verification of knowledge (orientation) information literacy course. He has written a mandatory laboratory (numeric) and non-verbal oral part.
Evaluation laboratory 0 - 40
Written part of exam 20 - 50
Oral part of exam 0 - 10

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

LSNV 20014 -15
Definition field , describes the variables used in automation , robotics and detectors , and other fields. Standardization of basic variables , measuring channel system, static and dynamic measurement of physical quantities. Advantages of measuring non-electrical quantities electrical methods . Definitions sensor. Basic characteristics and requirements. Physical sensor model . Distribution of sensors.
First introductory lecture
     Understand the structure ( definition to BMFV ) , the organization and content of the course. Requirements, test , basic and recommended reading . Comments, questions , etc.
Second Sensors and measurement of the position and dimensions.
        2.1 Resistance
        2.2 Capacitive
        2.3 Inductance
        2.4 Optoelectronic
        2.5 Special
3rd Sensors and measuring the speed and acceleration ( linear , angular )
        3.1 Direct measurement of speed
        3.2 The correlation velocity measurement
        3.3 Relative velocity measurement
4th Sensors and measuring the force ( torque ) , pressure and weight.
       4.1 Measurement of mechanical stress (direct and indirect )
         4.1.1 Deformation members , converting the position
         4.1.2 Intrinsic transfer
       4.2 Strain gauges
       4.3 Capacitive gauges
       4.4 The resonant strain gauges
       4.5 The piezoelectric strain gauges
       4.6 Magnetic- and magnetoanizotropní strain gauges
       4.7 Sensors with OV
       4.8 Sensors on the principle fotoelastickém
       4.9 Signal transmission from the moving parts
5th Sensors and vibration measurements , vibration analysis ( flaw ) .
6th Sensors and measurement of temperature, heat , heat flux .
        6.1 Touch
        6.2 Contactless
7th Sensors and measurement of humidity, level and flow.
        7.1 Adsorption and absorption of humidity probe
        7.2 Measurement of dew point
        7.3 Continuous and discontinuous level gauges
        7.4 ultrasonic and radar level gauges
        7.5 The volume and mass flow
        7.6 Flow in open channels
8th Sensors and measurement of density and viscosity
         8.1 Density
         8.2 viscosity meters
9th Sensors and measuring radiation ( ultraviolet , visible , infrared) .
         9.1 Sensors and measuring UV
         9.2 Sensors and measurement VIS
         9.3 Sensors and measuring IR
10th Sensors and measurement of ionizing radiation , the composition of substances and environmental parameters .
         10.1 Gas Sensors ( detectors )
         10.2 Semiconductor sensors (detectors )
         10.3 Analyzers
11th Chemical Sensors and Biosensors .
         11.1 The physical principle
         11.2 The physico- chemical principle
         11.3 The optical principle
         11.4 The chromatographic principle
         11.5 ESR Spectrometers
12th Optical sensors and OVS .
         12.1 turbidity sensors
         12.2 Sensors absorbtance ( forokolorimetry )
         12.3 Sensors nephelometric
         12.4 Snímačerefraktometrické
         12.5 OVS
13th Sensors and measurement technology security (monitoring objects, etc. ) .
14th Sensors and measuring other quantities , special methods and circuits for measurement of physical quantities. Other directions of development of sensor technology .

Aims

The aim of the course is to familiarize students with the basic theories, principles and modern design of sensors of physical quantities and provide knowledge for the design and optimum utilization beyond the bachelor's course BMFV. Furthermore, they present the basic problem of sensor technology (parasitic effects, calibration, diagnostics, etc.) and their elimination. The main goal of this course is engineering knowledge of the fundamentals of sensor technology (IT) physical quantities, which represent the industrial and scientific practice, at least 93 % of all measurements.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Laboratory is compulsory, properly excused absences laboratory exercises (maximum of two) can be arranged with the teacher substitute (usually in the credit week). Specification of controlled education, way of implementation usually provides annual public notice.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme EEKR-M Master's

    branch M-KAM , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme EEKR-M1 Master's

    branch M1-KAM , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

  • Programme EEKR-M Master's

    branch M-BEI , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, optional interdisciplinary

  • Programme EEKR-M1 Master's

    branch M1-BEI , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, optional interdisciplinary
    branch M1-EEN , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, optional interdisciplinary

  • Programme EEKR-M Master's

    branch M-EEN , 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, optional interdisciplinary

  • Programme EEKR-CZV lifelong learning

    branch ET-CZV , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer