Course detail

Low power electrical sources

FEKT-MMZEAcad. year: 2015/2016

The course is focused on the use of small power sources in terms of sustainable development. They are specified the possibility of using solar, wind and hydro plants in our country with according to applicable law. It is also clarified the issue of cogeneration of low power and possibilities of using other alternative sources of energy, such as heat pumps, Stirling engines and fuel cells.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Graduate of this course is able to:
- Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy sources
- Design photovoltaic plants
- Design small hydropower plants
- Perform basic design of energy systems with renewable energy sources
- Discuss and clarify the impact of renewable energy on the electricity grid
- Professionally evaluate the properties of hybrid energy systems

Prerequisites

The subject knowledge on the Bachelor´s degree level is requested. Students must be able to explain and clarify the following issues: - Structure and the parting of electric power system - Basic terminology of power engineering - Principle of power generation

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

MASTNÝ, P.; DRÁPELA, J.; MACHÁČEK, J.; PTÁČEK, M.; RADIL, L.; BARTOŠÍK, T.; PAVELKA, T.; MIŠÁK, S. Obnovitelné zdroje elektrické energie. EFEKT. Praha, České vysoké učení technické v Praze. 2011. 256 p. ISBN 978-80-01-04937-2. (CS)
Krbek,J. Polesný,B.: Malé kogenerační jednotky v komunální a průmyslové energetice, PC-DIR, 1999 (CS)
Gabriel,P., Kučerová,J.:Navrhování vodních elektráren, ČVUT Praha 2000 (CS)
Rychetník,V., Pavelka,J., Janoušek,J.:Větrné motory a elektrárny, ČVUT 1997 (CS)
The direct conversion of solar energy to electricity, New York United Nations 1992, Department of economic and social development (EN)
Kadrnožka J., Energie a globální oteplování, VUT v Brně 2006, ISBN: 80-241-2919-4 (CS)
Dvorský E., Hejtmánková P. Kombinovaná výroba elektrické energie a tepelné energie, Nakladatelství BEN, Praha 2005, ISBN: 80-7300-118-7 (CS)
Bacher P. Energie pro 21. století, Éditions Nucléon, Paris 2000, ISBN: 80-902403-7-2 (EN)
Renewable Energy Focus Handbook, Team of authors, Elevier 2009, ISBN: 978-0-12-374705-1 (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.
Teaching consists of lectures, computer laboratories and practical labs. The communication platform of the course is on e-learning. Students handed over three individual projects and attend for five laboratory exercises. The course also includes two expert excursions.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

- three semestral projects - 3 x max. 10 points (30 points in total)
- laboratory projects max. 20 points
- final exam max. 50 points

The necessary condition to get credits is to obtain at least 25 points in evaluated activities.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

LECTURES:
1st Introduction to small sources, performance balance, energy potential, photovoltaic systems-Present and Future
2nd Proposal for photovoltaic systems
3rd Performance FVE, legislation and rules, solar power
4th Accumulation of electric and thermal energy
5th Small hydropower power plants - energy potential of watercourses in the Czech Republic, the basic division of SHPP, basic hydrological calculations
6th Small hydropower plants - Operating and electrical parameters, SHPP integration into the electricity grid
7th Wind power - wind conditions of Europe and in the Czech Republic (wind energy potential in the country), types of wind turbines, electrical and operating parameters
8th Wind power - control of wind power, the effects of WP on power system operation, integration of WP in power system, operation economy
9th Cogeneration units (KJ) of low power, used KJ, construction equipment
10th Cogeneration units - connection to the power grid, the analysis cycle starting and operating characteristics
11th Biomass - the use of biofuels for small power plants, sources of biomass co-burning of biomass, economic assessment systems
12th Hydrogen as an alternative energy carrier, fuel cells - principle, energy utilization
13th Energy systems for low energy buildings - heat pumps, hybrid energy systems

Laboratory exercises:
- Measurement of photovoltaic inverters
- Measurement of the Peltier thermoelectric Article
- Measurement of Savonius wind rotor
- Storage of electrical energy using Pb LiFePO4 battery
- Heat pump (Coefficient of performance)
- Energy balance of a hybrid energy system
- Excursion to photovoltaic power plants and WP
- Excursion to SHPP

Computer exercises:
- Software for the design of a photovoltaic systems
- Modelling of operating conditions of WP
- Project I and II
- Project III

Aims

Introducing students with the opportunities and potential of utilization of small power sources such as solar, wind, hydro and cogeneration systems in terms of sustainable development. Clarify the issue of integrating these sources into power systems and describe their impact on the operation of the electricity system.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme EEKR-M1 Master's

    branch M1-EEN , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EEKR-M Master's

    branch M-EEN , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EEKR-M1 Master's

    branch M1-EVM , 2. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional interdisciplinary

  • Programme EEKR-M Master's

    branch M-EVM , 2. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional interdisciplinary

  • Programme EEKR-CZV lifelong learning

    branch ET-CZV , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, optional specialized

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Computer exercise

6 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Laboratory exercise

20 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer