Course detail

Analysis and interpretation of biological data

FEKT-LABDAcad. year: 2015/2016

The course is focused on native and evoked biological signals (biosignals). It focuses on the characteristics of biosignals generated by the various systems of the human body (especially cardiovascular, nerve and muscle). The course is focused on methods for processing and analysis of biosignals in the time and frequency domain.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The graduate of the course is capable of:
- formulate requirements for filters for noise suppression in ECG, EEG, EMG signals
- design and implement adaptive filters for suppressing power hum in biosignals
- design and implement special filters Lynn type for narrowband interference suppression
- explain the principle of detection of QRS complexes in ECG signals and graphoelements in EEG signals
- describe the principle of detecting the beginning and end of major waves in the ECG signals
- explain the principles of stationarity tests of stochastic signals
- describe the principle of non-parametric and parametric methods for estimating power spectra
- describe the principle of cross-spectra and coherence spectra estimation and their use for analysis of EEG signals
- describe the principle of Poincare maps and their use for signal analysis (HRV, TWA)
- explain the principle of realization mapping for analysis of EEG signals
- explain the principle of continuous estimate the level of surface EMG signal

Prerequisites

Students should have knowledge of digital signal processing, be familiar with the ways of describing the linear filters (transfer function, impulse response, difference equations, frequency response). Assuming knowledge of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) and the ability to interpret the result DFT. The laboratory work is expected knowledge of Matlab programming environment.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Kozumplík, J.: Multitaktní systémy. Elektronická skripta FEKT VUT v Brně, 2005 (CS)
Svatoš, J.: Biologické signály I. Geneze, zpracování a analýza. Skripta FEL ČVUT, Vydavatelství ČVUT, Praha, 1992 (CS)
Sornmo,L., Laguna,P.: Bioelectrical Signal Processing in Cardiac and Neurological Applications. Elsevier, 2005. (EN)
Kozumplík, J.: Analýza biologických signálů. Elektronická skripta FEKT VUT v Brně, Brno, 2013 (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods include lectures and computer laboratories. Course is taking advantage of e-learning system. Students have to write a single project/assignment during the course.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Requirements for completion of a course are elaborated by the lecturer responsible for the course every year;
basically:
- obtaining at least 12 points (out of 24 as course-unit credit based on active presence in demonstration exercises),
- successful passing of final written exam (up to 76 points)

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Basic classification of biosignals. Genesis of electrical biosignals.
2. Electrocardiogram (ECG), its properties and methods of scaning and display. The processing of rest and stress ECG signals.
3. Preprocessing of ECG signals, linear and non-linear filters for suppressing interference.
4. Detectors QRS complexes. Analysis of the heart rate variability (HRV) in the time and frequency domains..
5. Delineation of ECG signals, morphological and rhythm analysis. Analysis of the T wave alternans (TWA)
6. Introduction to the wavelet transform.
7. Filtering and analysis of biosignals using WT.
8. Phonocardiogram and its analysis. Elektrogastrogram (EGG) and its analysis.
9. Electromyogram (EMG signal), MUAP analysis and analysis of surface EMG signals.
10. Electroencephalogram (EEG signal). Analysis of EEG signals in the time domain.
11. Analysis of EEG signals in the frequency domain.
12. Evoked EEG signals, biosignals of visual and auditory systems.

Aims

The aim of the course is to familiarize students with the principles of the genesis of various types of biological signals, with their basic properties and methods of digital processing and automated analysis.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Delimitation of controlled teaching and its procedures are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every year (see Rozvrhové jednotky).
Basically:
- obligatory computer-lab tutorial
- voluntary lecture

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme EEKR-ML Master's

    branch ML-BEI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme EEKR-ML1 Master's

    branch ML1-BEI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme EEKR-CZV lifelong learning

    branch ET-CZV , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Computer exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer