Course detail

# Physics 2

FEKT-BFY2Acad. year: 2015/2016

The course Physics 2 is closely linked with the course Physics 1. Within the framework of this course the student extends his knowledge from the theory of harmonic motion and will learn foundations of the theory of waves. The subjects of the following section are particular types of waves – electromagnetic waves and optics. Following topic will give to the students basic insight into the foundations of thermodynamics. Quantum mechanics and its application in the laser theory and the band theory of solids will complete the student´s general education in physics.
Seminars correspond to lectures and develop student’s ability to solve particular physical problems.
The knowledge gained in this course will help students to understand problems they can meet during the studies of other disciplines.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Graduates in the subject are able to
- characterize harmonic motion, damped and forced oscillations, describe various harmonic oscillators
- explain properties of travelling and standing harmonic waves, illustrate the Doppler effect
- define properties of electromagnetic waves, characterize polarization
- demonstrate basic principles of geometrical optics, recognize the laws of reflection and refraction
- describe interference of light, demonstrate various examples
- explain principles of diffraction, characterize diffraction gratings, define principles of holography
- formulate basic laws of thermodynamics, describe heat engines and pumps
- explain basic concept of the kinetic theory of gases
- characterize photoelectric effect, Compton shift, photons and matter waves
- formulate Schrödinger equation, describe barrier tunnelling, quantum traps, and hydrogen atom
- characterize spontaneous and stimulated emission, describe principles of lasers
- recognize basic principles of band theory of solids
- solve basic problems in classical and quantum physics

Prerequisites

Knowledge gained in the course Physics 1 (basic principles of classical mechnaics, electricity and magnetism), fundamentals of vector algebra, differential and integral calculus is requested.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J.: Fyzika Vysoké učení technické v Brně Vutium, Prometheus Praha, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2013
Fyzika 2. Studijní materiály k přednáškám, cvičením a laboratornímu cvičení. Stránka předmětu na eLearningu VUT.
Kheilová,M.,Liedermann,K,Tománek,P.,Zdražil,V: Kmity, Vlny, Optika, Termodynamika, Moderní fyzika E-text
Hyperphysics: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/hframe.html
Serway R., A.: Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics Saunders College Publishing, Philadelphia, London,..., 1996
Antonelli A., Christian W., Fischer S.,Giles R., James B., Stoner R.: Waves and Optics Simulations Wiley, New York, Toronto,..., 1995
Gould H., Spornick L. Tobochnik J.: Thermal and Statistical Physics Simulations Wiley, New York,Toronto,...,1995
Brandt D., Hiller J., Moloney M.: Modern Physics Simulations Wiley, New York, Toronto,..., 1995
Booker,R, Boyse,E.: Nanotechnology for Dummies, John Wiley_Sons, Inc., 2010
Hawkins B., Jones R.: Classical Mechanics Simulations Wiley, New York,Toronto,...,1995

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations. They include lectures, computer laboratories and practical laboratories. Course is taking advantage of e-learning (Moodle) system. Students have to hand in the solution of assigned problems during the course.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

- Laboratories, up to 20 pts.
- Seminars, up to 15 pts. (1 written test up to 10 pts., 1 written test up to 5 pts.)
To qualify for final examination it is necessary to gain at least 12 points and to complete all laboratory measurements.
- Final examination, up to 65 pts.
Written test only, it consists from 5 parts: A -Oscillations, Waves, B - Optics, C - Thermodynamics, D – Modern Physics, E – Test questions. To pass the exam it is necessary to gain at least 5 points in each of parts A – D.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Harmonic motion, damped oscillations, forced oscillations. Pendulums. Superposition of oscillations.
2. Waves, wave equation, travelling harmonic waves, energy transmitted by waves.
3. Interference of waves, standing waves, sound waves, Doppler effect.
4. Electromagnetic waves, polarization, geometrical optics – reflection, refraction, total reflection, images, optical instruments.
5. Interference, coherence, Young experiment, interference from thin films.
6. Diffraction, diffraction gratings, X-ray diffraction, holography.
7. Zeroth and first law of thermodynamics, thermodynamics processes, heat transfer mechanisms.
8. Kinetic theory of gases - ideal gas law, internal energy and temperature, molar specific heats.
9. Second law of thermodynamics, entropy, heat engines and pumps.
10. The limits of classical physics, photoelectric effect, Compton shift, photons, matter waves, wave function.
11. Schrödinger equation, barrier tunnelling, quantum traps, hydrogen atom.
12. Atoms with more electrons. Spontaneous and stimulated emission, lasers.
13. Band theory of solids.

Aims

- To obtain an overall view of the basic principles and laws of selected parts of classical and quantum physics
- To develop problem solving skills

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

• Programme EEKR-B Bachelor's

branch B-AMT , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory
branch B-EST , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory
branch B-MET , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory
branch B-SEE , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory
branch B-TLI , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

• Programme EEKR-CZV lifelong learning

branch ET-CZV , 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

#### Type of course unit

Lecture

39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Fundamentals seminar

7 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Exercise in computer lab

6 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer