Publication detail

Intensification of spray cooling by presence of oxides

RAUDENSKÝ, M. HRABOVSKÝ, J. JANČÍKOVÁ, Z.

Original Title

Intensification of spray cooling by presence of oxides

English Title

Intensification of spray cooling by presence of oxides

Type

conference paper

Language

en

Original Abstract

Spray cooling is a common technique used in continuous casting and other metallurgical processes where controlled temperature regimes are required. Cooling intensity is primarily affected by spray parameters such as pressure and coolant impingement density. Although not well known, thin layers of oxides can significantly modify the cooling intensity. This effect is dominant in the cooling of steel surfaces at high surface temperatures. Experimental investigation comparing the cooling of scale-free surfaces and oxidized surfaces show a difference of 50-80% in the cooling intensity. Even a scale layer of several microns can significantly modify the cooling intensity. It is not obvious but the scale layer can, in some specific cases, increase the cooling intensity. A low thermal conductivity of the oxides makes the cooling more intensive. The paper provides experimental evidence of this fact and details the mechanism of spray cooling with boiling. The Leidenfrost phenomenon and change in surface temperature provides a key to the explanation of why the hot surface covered by the oxides is frequently cooled more intensively than the clean surface. It is difficult to predict whether the presence of scales can intensify cooling due to a number of parameters which must be considered. Use of a neural network seems to be a way of estimating a scale effect on the intensity of heat transfer.

English abstract

Spray cooling is a common technique used in continuous casting and other metallurgical processes where controlled temperature regimes are required. Cooling intensity is primarily affected by spray parameters such as pressure and coolant impingement density. Although not well known, thin layers of oxides can significantly modify the cooling intensity. This effect is dominant in the cooling of steel surfaces at high surface temperatures. Experimental investigation comparing the cooling of scale-free surfaces and oxidized surfaces show a difference of 50-80% in the cooling intensity. Even a scale layer of several microns can significantly modify the cooling intensity. It is not obvious but the scale layer can, in some specific cases, increase the cooling intensity. A low thermal conductivity of the oxides makes the cooling more intensive. The paper provides experimental evidence of this fact and details the mechanism of spray cooling with boiling. The Leidenfrost phenomenon and change in surface temperature provides a key to the explanation of why the hot surface covered by the oxides is frequently cooled more intensively than the clean surface. It is difficult to predict whether the presence of scales can intensify cooling due to a number of parameters which must be considered. Use of a neural network seems to be a way of estimating a scale effect on the intensity of heat transfer.

Keywords

spray cooling, oxide scales, heat transfer coefficient, cooling intensity

RIV year

2013

Released

04.04.2013

Publisher

Tanger spol. s.r.o.

Location

Ostrava

ISBN

978-80-87294-37-6

Book

Oceláři

Edition number

1

Pages from

113

Pages to

118

Pages count

5

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT99013,
  author="Miroslav {Raudenský} and Jozef {Hrabovský} and Zora {JANČÍKOVÁ}",
  title="Intensification of spray cooling by presence of oxides",
  annote="Spray cooling is a common technique used in continuous casting and other metallurgical processes where 
controlled temperature regimes are required. Cooling intensity is primarily affected by spray parameters such 
as pressure and coolant impingement density. Although not well known, thin layers of oxides can 
significantly modify the cooling intensity. This effect is dominant in the cooling of steel surfaces at high 
surface temperatures. Experimental investigation comparing the cooling of scale-free surfaces and oxidized 
surfaces show a difference of 50-80% in the cooling intensity. Even a scale layer of several microns can 
significantly modify the cooling intensity. It is not obvious but the scale layer can, in some specific cases, 
increase the cooling intensity. A low thermal conductivity of the oxides makes the cooling more intensive. 
The paper provides experimental evidence of this fact and details the mechanism of spray cooling with 
boiling. The Leidenfrost phenomenon and change in surface temperature provides a key to the explanation 
of why the hot surface covered by the oxides is frequently cooled more intensively than the clean surface. It 
is difficult to predict whether the presence of scales can intensify cooling due to a number of parameters 
which must be considered. Use of a neural network seems to be a way of estimating a scale effect on the 
intensity of heat transfer.",
  address="Tanger spol. s.r.o.",
  booktitle="Oceláři",
  chapter="99013",
  howpublished="print",
  institution="Tanger spol. s.r.o.",
  year="2013",
  month="april",
  pages="113--118",
  publisher="Tanger spol. s.r.o.",
  type="conference paper"
}