Publication detail

SIMULATION AND MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION OF CHARGING AND DISCHARGING OF THE LEAD ACID ACCUMULATOR

VYROUBAL, P. MAXA, J. TICHÝ, J. BAČA, P. KŘIVÍK, P.

Original Title

SIMULATION AND MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION OF CHARGING AND DISCHARGING OF THE LEAD ACID ACCUMULATOR

English Title

SIMULATION AND MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION OF CHARGING AND DISCHARGING OF THE LEAD ACID ACCUMULATOR

Type

conference paper

Language

en

Original Abstract

In a lead-acid cell the active materials there are lead dioxide in the positive plate, sponge lead in the negative plate, and a solution of sulphuric acid in water as the electrolyte. A chemical reaction proceeds place between lead plates and sulphuric acid, producing electric current. When the charge is depleted, the battery can be recharged many times. When the battery is electrically charged, the sulphate ions in the sulphuric acid react with the positive and negative plates, forming lead sulphate. Electrons from the reaction flow out from the negative terminal to the circuit and then back into the positive side. When the battery is charging, the lead sulphate leaves the electrodes and transforms into the sulphuric acid again. The discharge-charge cycle can be repeated thousands of times.

English abstract

In a lead-acid cell the active materials there are lead dioxide in the positive plate, sponge lead in the negative plate, and a solution of sulphuric acid in water as the electrolyte. A chemical reaction proceeds place between lead plates and sulphuric acid, producing electric current. When the charge is depleted, the battery can be recharged many times. When the battery is electrically charged, the sulphate ions in the sulphuric acid react with the positive and negative plates, forming lead sulphate. Electrons from the reaction flow out from the negative terminal to the circuit and then back into the positive side. When the battery is charging, the lead sulphate leaves the electrodes and transforms into the sulphuric acid again. The discharge-charge cycle can be repeated thousands of times.

Keywords

Lead Acid, battery, simulation, Comsol, Finite element method

RIV year

2012

Released

18.10.2012

Publisher

Brno University of Technology

Location

Brno

ISBN

978-80-214-4610-6

Book

Advanced Batteries Accumulators and Fuel Cells - 13th ABAF Book of Proceedings

Pages from

213

Pages to

219

Pages count

7

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT94512,
  author="Petr {Vyroubal} and Jiří {Maxa} and Jiří {Tichý} and Petr {Bača} and Petr {Křivík}",
  title="SIMULATION AND MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION OF CHARGING AND DISCHARGING OF THE LEAD ACID ACCUMULATOR",
  annote="In a lead-acid cell the active materials there are lead dioxide in the positive plate,
sponge lead in the negative plate, and a solution of sulphuric acid in water as
the electrolyte.
A chemical reaction proceeds place between lead plates and sulphuric acid, producing
electric current. When the charge is depleted, the battery can be recharged many times.
When the battery is electrically charged, the sulphate ions in the sulphuric acid react with
the positive and negative plates, forming lead sulphate. Electrons from the reaction flow
out from the negative terminal to the circuit and then back into the positive side.
When the battery is charging, the lead sulphate leaves the electrodes and transforms into
the sulphuric acid again. The discharge-charge cycle can be repeated thousands of times.",
  address="Brno University of Technology",
  booktitle="Advanced Batteries Accumulators and Fuel Cells - 13th ABAF Book of Proceedings",
  chapter="94512",
  howpublished="online",
  institution="Brno University of Technology",
  year="2012",
  month="october",
  pages="213--219",
  publisher="Brno University of Technology",
  type="conference paper"
}