Publication detail

Diagnostic of nitrogen - methane atmospheric glow discharge used for a mimic of prebiotic atmosphere

MAZÁNKOVÁ, V. TÖRÖKOVÁ, L. KRČMA, F. MASON, N. MATĚJČÍK, Š.

Original Title

Diagnostic of nitrogen - methane atmospheric glow discharge used for a mimic of prebiotic atmosphere

English Title

Diagnostic of nitrogen - methane atmospheric glow discharge used for a mimic of prebiotic atmosphere

Type

abstract

Language

en

Original Abstract

This work extends our previous investigation of nitrogen-methane (N2-CH4) atmospheric glow discharge for simulation chemical processes in prebiotic atmospheres. We present results obtained by optical emission spectroscopic (OES) observations. The theory of the evolution of life was given by Oparin and it is based on the possibility of the synthesis of organic compounds by abiotic processes from inorganic species. Possible energy sources for these processes include UV radiation, electric discharges, shock waves, radioactivity, cosmic rays, solar wind, volcanoes or hydrothermal vents. Sixty years ago, the Miller Urey experiment showed that many biologically important organic compounds, including sugars and amino acids, could be formed by methane, hydrogen, ammonia and water to spark discharge. They detected products like HCN, aldehydes, ketones and the ammonia in liquid water.

English abstract

This work extends our previous investigation of nitrogen-methane (N2-CH4) atmospheric glow discharge for simulation chemical processes in prebiotic atmospheres. We present results obtained by optical emission spectroscopic (OES) observations. The theory of the evolution of life was given by Oparin and it is based on the possibility of the synthesis of organic compounds by abiotic processes from inorganic species. Possible energy sources for these processes include UV radiation, electric discharges, shock waves, radioactivity, cosmic rays, solar wind, volcanoes or hydrothermal vents. Sixty years ago, the Miller Urey experiment showed that many biologically important organic compounds, including sugars and amino acids, could be formed by methane, hydrogen, ammonia and water to spark discharge. They detected products like HCN, aldehydes, ketones and the ammonia in liquid water.

Keywords

Optical emission spectroscopy, prebiotic atmospheres, DC glow discharge

Released

01.09.2016

Publisher

J. Heyrovsky Institute of Physical Chemistry of the CAS, v.v.i.

Location

Praha

ISBN

978-80-87351-39-0

Book

Evolution of Chemical Complexity: From simple interstellar molecules to terrestrial biopolymers

Edition number

1

Pages count

1

BibTex


@misc{BUT129772,
  author="Věra {Mazánková} and Lucie {Töröková} and František {Krčma} and Nigel {Mason} and Štefan {Matějčík}",
  title="Diagnostic of nitrogen - methane atmospheric glow discharge used for a mimic of prebiotic atmosphere",
  annote="This work extends our previous investigation of nitrogen-methane (N2-CH4) atmospheric glow discharge for simulation chemical processes in prebiotic atmospheres.  We present results obtained by optical emission spectroscopic (OES) observations. The theory of the evolution of life was given by Oparin and it is based on the possibility of the synthesis of organic compounds by abiotic processes from inorganic species. Possible energy sources for these processes include UV radiation, electric discharges, shock waves, radioactivity, cosmic rays, solar wind, volcanoes or hydrothermal vents. Sixty years ago, the Miller Urey experiment showed that many biologically important organic compounds, including sugars and amino acids, could be formed by methane, hydrogen, ammonia and water to spark discharge. They detected products like HCN, aldehydes, ketones and the ammonia in liquid water.",
  address="J. Heyrovsky Institute of Physical Chemistry of the CAS, v.v.i.",
  booktitle="Evolution of Chemical Complexity: From simple interstellar molecules to terrestrial biopolymers",
  chapter="129772",
  howpublished="print",
  institution="J. Heyrovsky Institute of Physical Chemistry of the CAS, v.v.i.",
  year="2016",
  month="september",
  publisher="J. Heyrovsky Institute of Physical Chemistry of the CAS, v.v.i.",
  type="abstract"
}