Publication detail

PIV Investigation of a Pressure-Swirl Atomizer Spray

ĎURDINA, L. JEDELSKÝ, J. JÍCHA, M.

Original Title

PIV Investigation of a Pressure-Swirl Atomizer Spray

English Title

PIV Investigation of a Pressure-Swirl Atomizer Spray

Type

journal article - other

Language

en

Original Abstract

Pressure-swirl atomizers are widely used in various combustion applications including aircraft jet engines. Spray characteristics, such as drop-size and velocity distribution have a principal influence on the combustion process. A number of studies have dealt with single-point laser diagnostic techniques, such as Phase-Doppler Anemometry, for spray measurements. An alternative approach is the use of a whole-field method - Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). This contribution deals with investigation of spray characteristics of a spill-return pressure-swirl atomizer for a small-sized jet engine by means of PIV. The nozzle was operated on a cold test bench at atmospheric pressure and room temperature. Measurements were carried out in an axial section of the spray cone with various single-camera and stereoscopic PIV configurations. Results of our measurements provide a quantitative visualization of the spray flow fields in regimes based on the engine operating conditions. Comparison of velocity profiles obtained from the individual PIV configurations is presented and discussed. The pressure-swirl spray is recognised as an optically harsh environment for PIV due to large particle size range, high diameter–velocity correlations, strong velocity gradients and large velocity differences within an image, large variations in "seeding" concentration and out-of-plane particle movement.

English abstract

Pressure-swirl atomizers are widely used in various combustion applications including aircraft jet engines. Spray characteristics, such as drop-size and velocity distribution have a principal influence on the combustion process. A number of studies have dealt with single-point laser diagnostic techniques, such as Phase-Doppler Anemometry, for spray measurements. An alternative approach is the use of a whole-field method - Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). This contribution deals with investigation of spray characteristics of a spill-return pressure-swirl atomizer for a small-sized jet engine by means of PIV. The nozzle was operated on a cold test bench at atmospheric pressure and room temperature. Measurements were carried out in an axial section of the spray cone with various single-camera and stereoscopic PIV configurations. Results of our measurements provide a quantitative visualization of the spray flow fields in regimes based on the engine operating conditions. Comparison of velocity profiles obtained from the individual PIV configurations is presented and discussed. The pressure-swirl spray is recognised as an optically harsh environment for PIV due to large particle size range, high diameter–velocity correlations, strong velocity gradients and large velocity differences within an image, large variations in "seeding" concentration and out-of-plane particle movement.

Keywords

Particle Image Velocimetry, PIV, stereoscopic PIV, atomization, spray, flow field

RIV year

2013

Released

20.12.2013

Publisher

Association for Engineering Mechanics

Location

Brno

Pages from

459

Pages to

469

Pages count

11

BibTex


@article{BUT107153,
  author="Lukáš {Ďurdina} and Jan {Jedelský} and Miroslav {Jícha}",
  title="PIV Investigation of a Pressure-Swirl Atomizer Spray",
  annote="Pressure-swirl atomizers are widely used in various combustion applications including aircraft jet engines. Spray characteristics, such as drop-size and velocity distribution have a principal influence on the combustion process. A number of studies have dealt with single-point laser diagnostic techniques, such as Phase-Doppler Anemometry, for spray measurements. An alternative approach is the use of a whole-field method - Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). This contribution deals with investigation of spray characteristics of a spill-return pressure-swirl atomizer for a small-sized jet engine by means of PIV. The nozzle was operated on a cold test bench at atmospheric pressure and room temperature. Measurements were carried out in an axial section of the spray cone with various single-camera and stereoscopic PIV configurations. Results of our measurements provide a quantitative visualization of the spray flow fields in regimes based on the engine operating conditions. Comparison of velocity profiles obtained from the individual PIV configurations is presented and discussed. The pressure-swirl spray is recognised as an optically harsh environment for PIV due to large particle size range, high diameter–velocity correlations, strong velocity gradients and large velocity differences within an image, large variations in "seeding" concentration and out-of-plane particle movement.",
  address="Association for Engineering Mechanics",
  chapter="107153",
  institution="Association for Engineering Mechanics",
  number="6",
  volume="20 (2013)",
  year="2013",
  month="december",
  pages="459--469",
  publisher="Association for Engineering Mechanics",
  type="journal article - other"
}