Publication detail

Impact of air distribution system on quality of ventilation in small aircraft cabin

FIŠER, J. JÍCHA, M.

Original Title

Impact of air distribution system on quality of ventilation in small aircraft cabin

English Title

Impact of air distribution system on quality of ventilation in small aircraft cabin

Type

journal article in Web of Science

Language

en

Original Abstract

A ventilation system of sufficient performance is the basic condition for comfort and health risk free environment in enclosed aircraft cabin spaces. The airflow pattern and spreading of fresh air into the cabin space mainly depend on the type of the air distribution system and location of heat sources/sinks. The present study deals with the investigation of the dependency between the type of the air distribution system and indoor air quality in a cabin of a small transport aircraft. The mock-up interior geometry of a small aircraft cabin for nine passengers was adopted for the investigation. Three types of the air distribution system were investigated: a typical mixing ventilation system, a modified mixing ventilation system and an under-aisle displacement ventilation system. The quality of ventilation was assessed based on the local mean age of air using CFD software Star-CCM+. At first, the CFD model of a typical mixing ventilation was validated against the experimental data of airflow in the mock-up of the small aircraft cabin. The validated model was then used for the evaluation of the three distribution systems under cold, mild and hot ambient environment conditions from the point of their performance for several typical aircraft operational conditions. Results of the study show a strong dependence of the air distribution systems performance on the ambient conditions. The most stable air distribution was reached with the modified mixing air distribution system. Other types of ventilation systems failed to provide sufficient ventilation and cooling under hot ambient conditions.

English abstract

A ventilation system of sufficient performance is the basic condition for comfort and health risk free environment in enclosed aircraft cabin spaces. The airflow pattern and spreading of fresh air into the cabin space mainly depend on the type of the air distribution system and location of heat sources/sinks. The present study deals with the investigation of the dependency between the type of the air distribution system and indoor air quality in a cabin of a small transport aircraft. The mock-up interior geometry of a small aircraft cabin for nine passengers was adopted for the investigation. Three types of the air distribution system were investigated: a typical mixing ventilation system, a modified mixing ventilation system and an under-aisle displacement ventilation system. The quality of ventilation was assessed based on the local mean age of air using CFD software Star-CCM+. At first, the CFD model of a typical mixing ventilation was validated against the experimental data of airflow in the mock-up of the small aircraft cabin. The validated model was then used for the evaluation of the three distribution systems under cold, mild and hot ambient environment conditions from the point of their performance for several typical aircraft operational conditions. Results of the study show a strong dependence of the air distribution systems performance on the ambient conditions. The most stable air distribution was reached with the modified mixing air distribution system. Other types of ventilation systems failed to provide sufficient ventilation and cooling under hot ambient conditions.

Keywords

Aircraft cabin, Air distribution, Cabin environment quality, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Age of Air

RIV year

2013

Released

01.11.2013

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Spojené království Velké Británie a Severního Irska

Pages from

171

Pages to

182

Pages count

12

URL

BibTex


@article{BUT101133,
  author="Jan {Fišer} and Miroslav {Jícha}",
  title="Impact of air distribution system on quality of ventilation in small aircraft cabin",
  annote="A ventilation system of sufficient performance is the basic condition for comfort and health risk free environment in enclosed aircraft cabin spaces. The airflow pattern and spreading of fresh air into the cabin space mainly depend on the type of the air distribution system and location of heat sources/sinks. The present study deals with the investigation of the dependency between the type of the air distribution system and indoor air quality in a cabin of a small transport aircraft. The mock-up interior geometry of a small aircraft cabin for nine passengers was adopted for the investigation. Three types of the air distribution system were investigated: a typical mixing ventilation system, a modified mixing ventilation system and an under-aisle displacement ventilation system. The quality of ventilation was assessed based on the local mean age of air using CFD software Star-CCM+. At first, the CFD model of a typical mixing ventilation was validated against the experimental data of airflow in the mock-up of the small aircraft cabin. The validated model was then used for the evaluation of the three distribution systems under cold, mild and hot ambient environment conditions from the point of their performance for several typical aircraft operational conditions. Results of the study show a strong dependence of the air distribution systems performance on the ambient conditions. The most stable air distribution was reached with the modified mixing air distribution system. Other types of ventilation systems failed to provide sufficient ventilation and cooling under hot ambient conditions.",
  address="Elsevier",
  chapter="101133",
  doi="10.1016/j.buildenv.2013.08.007",
  institution="Elsevier",
  number="69",
  volume="2013",
  year="2013",
  month="november",
  pages="171--182",
  publisher="Elsevier",
  type="journal article in Web of Science"
}