Publication detail

Tethered Prominence-CME Systems Captured during the 2012 November 13 and 2013 November 3 Total Solar Eclipses

DRUCKMÜLLER, M. HABBAL, S. NATHALIA, A. EMMANOUILIDIS, C.

Original Title

Tethered Prominence-CME Systems Captured during the 2012 November 13 and 2013 November 3 Total Solar Eclipses

English Title

Tethered Prominence-CME Systems Captured during the 2012 November 13 and 2013 November 3 Total Solar Eclipses

Type

journal article in Web of Science

Language

en

Original Abstract

We report on white light observations of high latitude tethered prominences acquired during the total solar eclipses of 2012 November 13 and 2013 November 3, at solar maximum, with a field of view spanning several solar radii. Distinguished by their pinkish hue, characteristic of emission from neutral hydrogen and helium, the four tethered prominences were akin to twisted flux ropes, stretching out to the limit of the field of view, while remaining anchored at the Sun. Cotemporal observations in the extreme ultraviolet from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO/AIA) clearly showed that the pinkish emission from the cool filamentary prominences was cospatial with the 30.4 nm He II emission, and was directly linked to filamentary structures emitting at coronal temperatures over 1 milion K in 17.1 and 19.3 nm. The tethered prominences evolved from typical tornado types. Each one formed the core of different types of coronal mass ejections (CMEs), as inferred from coordinated LASCO C2, C3, and STEREO A and B coronagraph observations. Two of them evolved into a series of faint, unstructured puffs. One was a normal CME. The most striking one was a "light-bulb" type CME, whose three-dimensional structure was confirmed from all four coronagraphs. These first uninterrupted detections of prominence-CME systems anchored at the Sun, and stretching out to at least the edge of the field of view of LASCO C3, provide the first observational confirmation for the source of counter-streaming electron fluxes measured in interplanetary CMEs, or ICMEs.

English abstract

We report on white light observations of high latitude tethered prominences acquired during the total solar eclipses of 2012 November 13 and 2013 November 3, at solar maximum, with a field of view spanning several solar radii. Distinguished by their pinkish hue, characteristic of emission from neutral hydrogen and helium, the four tethered prominences were akin to twisted flux ropes, stretching out to the limit of the field of view, while remaining anchored at the Sun. Cotemporal observations in the extreme ultraviolet from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO/AIA) clearly showed that the pinkish emission from the cool filamentary prominences was cospatial with the 30.4 nm He II emission, and was directly linked to filamentary structures emitting at coronal temperatures over 1 milion K in 17.1 and 19.3 nm. The tethered prominences evolved from typical tornado types. Each one formed the core of different types of coronal mass ejections (CMEs), as inferred from coordinated LASCO C2, C3, and STEREO A and B coronagraph observations. Two of them evolved into a series of faint, unstructured puffs. One was a normal CME. The most striking one was a "light-bulb" type CME, whose three-dimensional structure was confirmed from all four coronagraphs. These first uninterrupted detections of prominence-CME systems anchored at the Sun, and stretching out to at least the edge of the field of view of LASCO C3, provide the first observational confirmation for the source of counter-streaming electron fluxes measured in interplanetary CMEs, or ICMEs.

Keywords

Sun, corona, prominence, EUV emission, image processing

Released

19.12.2017

Publisher

IOP PUBLISHING LTD

Location

TEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND

Pages from

41

Pages to

50

Pages count

9

URL

BibTex


@article{BUT144592,
  author="Miloslav {Druckmüller} and Shadia Rifai {Habbal} and Alzate {Nathalia} and Constantinos {Emmanouilidis}",
  title="Tethered Prominence-CME Systems Captured during the 2012 November 13 and 2013 November 3 Total Solar Eclipses",
  annote="We report on white light observations of high latitude tethered prominences acquired during the total solar eclipses of 2012 November 13 and 2013 November 3, at solar maximum, with a field of view spanning several solar radii. Distinguished by their pinkish hue, characteristic of emission from neutral hydrogen and helium, the four tethered prominences were akin to twisted flux ropes, stretching out to the limit of the field of view, while remaining anchored at the Sun. Cotemporal observations in the extreme ultraviolet from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO/AIA) clearly showed that the pinkish emission from the cool filamentary prominences was cospatial with the 30.4 nm He II emission, and was directly linked to filamentary structures emitting at coronal temperatures over 1 milion K in 17.1 and 19.3 nm. The tethered prominences evolved from typical tornado types. Each one formed the core of different types of coronal mass ejections (CMEs), as inferred from coordinated LASCO C2, C3, and STEREO A and B coronagraph observations. Two of them evolved into a series of faint, unstructured puffs. One was a normal CME. The most striking one was a "light-bulb" type CME, whose three-dimensional structure was confirmed from all four coronagraphs. These first uninterrupted detections of prominence-CME systems anchored at the Sun, and stretching out to at least the edge of the field of view of LASCO C3, provide the first observational confirmation for the source of counter-streaming electron fluxes measured in interplanetary CMEs, or ICMEs.",
  address="IOP PUBLISHING LTD",
  chapter="144592",
  doi="10.3847/2041-8213/aa9ed5",
  howpublished="print",
  institution="IOP PUBLISHING LTD",
  number="2",
  volume="851",
  year="2017",
  month="december",
  pages="41--50",
  publisher="IOP PUBLISHING LTD",
  type="journal article in Web of Science"
}