Detail publikace

A numerical optimization of heat transfer in a system a plate casting - mold - surroundings

Originální název

A numerical optimization of heat transfer in a system a plate casting - mold - surroundings

Anglický název

A numerical optimization of heat transfer in a system a plate casting - mold - surroundings

Jazyk

en

Originální abstrakt

The solidification and cooling of a casting, and the simultaneous heating of the mold is described by the Fourier equation. An original three-dimensional (3D) numerical model of the temperature field of a system, comprising a plate casting, the mold and the surroundings, had been assembled and used to optimize the production technology of a vertically cast steel plate. The accuracy of a numerical model depends not only on the spatial and temporal discretization, but also on the accuracy with which the thermophysical properties of all materials entering the system are determined. The temperature field of this plate was analyzed with different angles of widening in its cross-section (in the range 0° to 4.4°). From the slanted side, the plate was either insulated or uninsulated. Plastizol was used as the insulator. An uninsulated plate has a calculated optimum angular widening of 3°. A widening of 2° is the minimum angle from which internal defects (e.g. shrinkage cavities) begin to disappear. The insulated plate has an optimum angle of widening of 2°. Using calculations, it is possible to predict that the plate itself will have the same internal quality with a widening of 3° after crystallization without insulation, as a 2° widening has with insulation. The knowledge gained in this study can lead to the reduction of the volume of liquid metal used, and also to the lowering of machining costs.

Anglický abstrakt

The solidification and cooling of a casting, and the simultaneous heating of the mold is described by the Fourier equation. An original three-dimensional (3D) numerical model of the temperature field of a system, comprising a plate casting, the mold and the surroundings, had been assembled and used to optimize the production technology of a vertically cast steel plate. The accuracy of a numerical model depends not only on the spatial and temporal discretization, but also on the accuracy with which the thermophysical properties of all materials entering the system are determined. The temperature field of this plate was analyzed with different angles of widening in its cross-section (in the range 0° to 4.4°). From the slanted side, the plate was either insulated or uninsulated. Plastizol was used as the insulator. An uninsulated plate has a calculated optimum angular widening of 3°. A widening of 2° is the minimum angle from which internal defects (e.g. shrinkage cavities) begin to disappear. The insulated plate has an optimum angle of widening of 2°. Using calculations, it is possible to predict that the plate itself will have the same internal quality with a widening of 3° after crystallization without insulation, as a 2° widening has with insulation. The knowledge gained in this study can lead to the reduction of the volume of liquid metal used, and also to the lowering of machining costs.

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT149793,
  author="František {Kavička} and Josef {Štětina} and Jaroslav {Katolický} and Tomáš {Mauder} and Lubomír {Klimeš}",
  title="A numerical optimization of heat transfer in a system a plate casting - mold - surroundings",
  annote="The solidification and cooling of a casting, and the simultaneous heating of the mold is described by the Fourier equation. An original three-dimensional (3D) numerical model of the temperature field of a system, comprising a plate casting, the mold and the surroundings, had been assembled and used to optimize the production technology of a vertically cast steel plate. The accuracy of a numerical model depends not only on the spatial and temporal discretization, but also on the accuracy with which the thermophysical properties of all materials entering the system are determined. The temperature field of this plate was analyzed with different angles of widening in its cross-section (in the range 0° to 4.4°). From the slanted side, the plate was either insulated or uninsulated. Plastizol was used as the insulator. An uninsulated plate has a calculated optimum angular widening of 3°. A widening of 2° is the minimum angle from which internal defects (e.g. shrinkage cavities) begin to disappear. The insulated plate has an optimum angle of widening of 2°. Using calculations, it is possible to predict that the plate itself will have the same internal quality with a widening of 3° after crystallization without insulation, as a 2° widening has with insulation.
The knowledge gained in this study can lead to the reduction of the volume of liquid metal used, and also to the lowering of machining costs.
",
  address="Česká slévárenská společnost",
  booktitle="Sborník přednášek XXIII. celosttní konference Výrova a vlastnosti oceli na odlitky a litiny",
  chapter="149793",
  howpublished="print",
  institution="Česká slévárenská společnost",
  year="2018",
  month="september",
  pages="76--84",
  publisher="Česká slévárenská společnost",
  type="conference paper"
}