Detail publikace

Observation of lubrication mechanisms within artificial hip joints

Originální název

Observation of lubrication mechanisms within artificial hip joints

Anglický název

Observation of lubrication mechanisms within artificial hip joints

Jazyk

en

Originální abstrakt

Despite the rapid improvement of hip joint replacements, limited longevity of implants still represents its substantial limitation. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure sufficient service life of replacements to avoid its failure and consequent revising operations. As the main cause leading to implant failure is aseptic loosening due to osteolysis, it is desired to clarify the tribological processes inside the joints. In the present paper, we aimed on the investigation of lubricant film formation between femoral head and transparent acetabular cup from optical glass. The effect of material, geometry and the composition of model synovial fluid was examined, while the experiments were realized using pendulum hip joint simulator (Fig. 1). The contact was lubricated by various model synovial fluids. The applied approach is based on the combination of the two optical methods; optical interferometry and fluorescent microscopy. Utilizing of the fluorescent method enabled to employ also poly(methyl methacrylate) cups; therefore, hard-on-soft bearing pairs could be investigated as well. In terms of material, metal femoral heads formed thicker lubricating film, in general. This fact is attributed to higher hydrophobicity causing that the proteins are rather attracted to the surfaces. Considering the effect of geometry, the fundamental parameter, influencing the film formation, is the size of the diametric clearance. Focusing on the effect of model synovial fluid composition, it is apparent that the content of hyaluronic acid and phospholipids is crucial regarding to lubrication performance. Finally, it should be highlighted that the present study revealed some fundamentals considering also hard-on-soft bearing pairs. As this combination represents most of the currently implanted replacements, it can be concluded that the developed methodology can substantially extend the knowledge about lubrication of artificial hip joints, thus leading to further development in an effort to improve the quality of life of patients.

Anglický abstrakt

Despite the rapid improvement of hip joint replacements, limited longevity of implants still represents its substantial limitation. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure sufficient service life of replacements to avoid its failure and consequent revising operations. As the main cause leading to implant failure is aseptic loosening due to osteolysis, it is desired to clarify the tribological processes inside the joints. In the present paper, we aimed on the investigation of lubricant film formation between femoral head and transparent acetabular cup from optical glass. The effect of material, geometry and the composition of model synovial fluid was examined, while the experiments were realized using pendulum hip joint simulator (Fig. 1). The contact was lubricated by various model synovial fluids. The applied approach is based on the combination of the two optical methods; optical interferometry and fluorescent microscopy. Utilizing of the fluorescent method enabled to employ also poly(methyl methacrylate) cups; therefore, hard-on-soft bearing pairs could be investigated as well. In terms of material, metal femoral heads formed thicker lubricating film, in general. This fact is attributed to higher hydrophobicity causing that the proteins are rather attracted to the surfaces. Considering the effect of geometry, the fundamental parameter, influencing the film formation, is the size of the diametric clearance. Focusing on the effect of model synovial fluid composition, it is apparent that the content of hyaluronic acid and phospholipids is crucial regarding to lubrication performance. Finally, it should be highlighted that the present study revealed some fundamentals considering also hard-on-soft bearing pairs. As this combination represents most of the currently implanted replacements, it can be concluded that the developed methodology can substantially extend the knowledge about lubrication of artificial hip joints, thus leading to further development in an effort to improve the quality of life of patients.

BibTex


@misc{BUT141734,
  author="David {Nečas} and Martin {Vrbka} and Ivan {Křupka} and Martin {Hartl}",
  title="Observation of lubrication mechanisms within artificial hip joints",
  annote="Despite the rapid improvement of hip joint replacements, limited longevity of implants still represents its substantial limitation. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure sufficient service life of replacements to avoid its failure and consequent revising operations. As the main cause leading to implant failure is aseptic loosening due to osteolysis, it is desired to clarify the tribological processes inside the joints. In the present paper, we aimed on the investigation of lubricant film formation between femoral head and transparent acetabular cup from optical glass. The effect of material, geometry and the composition of model synovial fluid was examined, while the experiments were realized using pendulum hip joint simulator (Fig. 1). The contact was lubricated by various model synovial fluids. The applied approach is based on the combination of the two optical methods; optical interferometry and fluorescent microscopy. Utilizing of the fluorescent method enabled to employ also poly(methyl methacrylate) cups; therefore, hard-on-soft bearing pairs could be investigated as well. In terms of material, metal femoral heads formed thicker lubricating film, in general. This fact is attributed to higher hydrophobicity causing that the proteins are rather attracted to the surfaces. Considering the effect of geometry, the fundamental parameter, influencing the film formation, is the size of the diametric clearance. Focusing on the effect of model synovial fluid composition, it is apparent that the content of hyaluronic acid and phospholipids is crucial regarding to lubrication performance. Finally, it should be highlighted that the present study revealed some fundamentals considering also hard-on-soft bearing pairs. As this combination represents most of the currently implanted replacements, it can be concluded that the developed methodology can substantially extend the knowledge about lubrication of artificial hip joints, thus leading to further development in an effort to improve the quality of life of patients.",
  address="Chinese Tribology Institute (CTI)",
  booktitle="Sixth World Tribology Congress (WTC 2017)",
  chapter="141734",
  howpublished="electronic, physical medium",
  institution="Chinese Tribology Institute (CTI)",
  year="2017",
  month="september",
  pages="1--4",
  publisher="Chinese Tribology Institute (CTI)",
  type="abstract"
}