Detail publikace

Finite Element Analysis of Dental Implant Loading on Atrophic and Non-atrophic Cancellous and Cortical Mandibular Bone - a Feasibility Study

MARCIÁN, P. BORÁK, L. VALÁŠEK, J. KAISER, J. FLORIAN, Z. WOLFF, J.

Originální název

Finite Element Analysis of Dental Implant Loading on Atrophic and Non-atrophic Cancellous and Cortical Mandibular Bone - a Feasibility Study

Anglický název

Finite Element Analysis of Dental Implant Loading on Atrophic and Non-atrophic Cancellous and Cortical Mandibular Bone - a Feasibility Study

Jazyk

en

Originální abstrakt

The first aim of this study is to assess displacements and micro-strain induced on different grades of atrophic cortical and trabecular mandibular bone by axially loaded dental implants using finite element analysis (FEA). The second aim was to assess the micro-strain induced by different implant geometries and the levels of bone-to-implant contact (BIC) on the surrounding bone. Six mandibular bone segments demonstrating different grades of mandibular bone atrophy and various bone volume fractions (from 0.149 to 0.471) were imaged using a micro-CT device. The acquired bone STL models and implant (Brånemark, Straumann, and Ankylos) were merged into a three-dimensional finite elements structure. The mean displacement value for all implants was 3.1 um. Displacements were lower in the group with a strong BIC. The results indicated that the maximum strain values of cortical and cancellous bone increased with lower bone density. Strain distribution is the first and foremost dependent on the shape of bone and architecture of cancellous bone. The geometry of the implant, thread patterns, grade of bone atrophy and BIC all affect the displacement and micro-strain on the mandible bone. Preoperative finite element analysis could offer improved predictability in the long-term outlook of dental implant restorations.

Anglický abstrakt

The first aim of this study is to assess displacements and micro-strain induced on different grades of atrophic cortical and trabecular mandibular bone by axially loaded dental implants using finite element analysis (FEA). The second aim was to assess the micro-strain induced by different implant geometries and the levels of bone-to-implant contact (BIC) on the surrounding bone. Six mandibular bone segments demonstrating different grades of mandibular bone atrophy and various bone volume fractions (from 0.149 to 0.471) were imaged using a micro-CT device. The acquired bone STL models and implant (Brånemark, Straumann, and Ankylos) were merged into a three-dimensional finite elements structure. The mean displacement value for all implants was 3.1 um. Displacements were lower in the group with a strong BIC. The results indicated that the maximum strain values of cortical and cancellous bone increased with lower bone density. Strain distribution is the first and foremost dependent on the shape of bone and architecture of cancellous bone. The geometry of the implant, thread patterns, grade of bone atrophy and BIC all affect the displacement and micro-strain on the mandible bone. Preoperative finite element analysis could offer improved predictability in the long-term outlook of dental implant restorations.

Dokumenty

BibTex


@article{BUT110058,
  author="Petr {Marcián} and Libor {Borák} and Jiří {Valášek} and Jozef {Kaiser} and Zdeněk {Florian} and Jan {Wolff}",
  title="Finite Element Analysis of Dental Implant Loading on Atrophic and Non-atrophic Cancellous and Cortical Mandibular Bone - a Feasibility Study",
  annote="The first aim of this study is to assess displacements and micro-strain induced on different grades of atrophic cortical and trabecular mandibular bone by axially loaded dental implants using finite element analysis (FEA). The second aim was to assess the micro-strain induced by different implant geometries and the levels of bone-to-implant contact (BIC) on the surrounding bone. Six mandibular bone segments demonstrating different grades of mandibular bone atrophy and various bone volume fractions (from 0.149 to 0.471) were imaged using a micro-CT device. The acquired bone STL models and implant (Brånemark, Straumann, and Ankylos) were merged into a three-dimensional finite elements structure. The mean displacement value for all implants was 3.1 um. Displacements were lower in the group with a strong BIC. The results indicated that the maximum strain values of cortical and cancellous bone increased with lower bone density. Strain distribution is the first and foremost dependent on the shape of bone and architecture of cancellous bone. The geometry of the implant, thread patterns, grade of bone atrophy and BIC all affect the displacement and micro-strain on the mandible bone. Preoperative finite element analysis could offer improved predictability in the long-term outlook of dental implant restorations.",
  address="ELSEVIER SCI LTD",
  chapter="110058",
  doi="10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.10.019",
  institution="ELSEVIER SCI LTD",
  number="16",
  volume="47",
  year="2014",
  month="december",
  pages="3830--3836",
  publisher="ELSEVIER SCI LTD",
  type="journal article in Web of Science"
}