Detail publikace

Open Space between Residential Buildings as a Factor of Sustainable Development – Case Studies in Brno (Czech Republic) and Vienna (Austria)

Originální název

Open Space between Residential Buildings as a Factor of Sustainable Development – Case Studies in Brno (Czech Republic) and Vienna (Austria)

Anglický název

Open Space between Residential Buildings as a Factor of Sustainable Development – Case Studies in Brno (Czech Republic) and Vienna (Austria)

Jazyk

en

Originální abstrakt

The characteristics of open spaces between residential buildings have, as authors suppose, an impact on the sustainable development of urban areas. Spatial arrangement and accessibility of these spaces, the type and height of surrounding buildings, the quantity and character of greenery, and many more characteristics influence the quality of environment, and the quality of life of local residents. These and further characteristics of the open spaces between residential buildings influence the ecological stability of the area, its hygienic qualities, the intensity and way of using by various social groups, and also the prices of real estates. These qualities indicate the environmental, social and economic sustainability of the urban area. The proposed research methodology assessed specific indicators of sustainability within a range from 0 to 10 points. 5 points correspond to the general standard in the area, 0 points indicate degradation, and 10 points indicate the highest contribution to sustainable development. Observation methods, questionnaire survey, statistical analyses, and methods of measurement were used to determine the values of the given indicators. The paper analyses the impact of the open spaces between residential buildings on sustainability via the case studies performed in the Central European cities of Brno, Czech Republic and Vienna, Austria. Two forms of residential urban structures in the City of Brno in the Czech Republic were selected for the analysis: the closed courtyards in the urban block from the 19th century and the open spaces in the housing estates constructed under socialism in the 20th century. The question is, if the different forms of spaces between residential buildings influence the sustainability of urban area and satisfaction of inhabitants in different ways. A complementary case study in Vienna indicates that inhabitants of a housing estate in Vienna, as well as inhabitants of housing estates in Brno, highly appreciate the meaning of large green open spaces between buildings. The paper presents results of basic research. The results indicate that the sustainability of open housing estate forms is higher than the authors expected.

Anglický abstrakt

The characteristics of open spaces between residential buildings have, as authors suppose, an impact on the sustainable development of urban areas. Spatial arrangement and accessibility of these spaces, the type and height of surrounding buildings, the quantity and character of greenery, and many more characteristics influence the quality of environment, and the quality of life of local residents. These and further characteristics of the open spaces between residential buildings influence the ecological stability of the area, its hygienic qualities, the intensity and way of using by various social groups, and also the prices of real estates. These qualities indicate the environmental, social and economic sustainability of the urban area. The proposed research methodology assessed specific indicators of sustainability within a range from 0 to 10 points. 5 points correspond to the general standard in the area, 0 points indicate degradation, and 10 points indicate the highest contribution to sustainable development. Observation methods, questionnaire survey, statistical analyses, and methods of measurement were used to determine the values of the given indicators. The paper analyses the impact of the open spaces between residential buildings on sustainability via the case studies performed in the Central European cities of Brno, Czech Republic and Vienna, Austria. Two forms of residential urban structures in the City of Brno in the Czech Republic were selected for the analysis: the closed courtyards in the urban block from the 19th century and the open spaces in the housing estates constructed under socialism in the 20th century. The question is, if the different forms of spaces between residential buildings influence the sustainability of urban area and satisfaction of inhabitants in different ways. A complementary case study in Vienna indicates that inhabitants of a housing estate in Vienna, as well as inhabitants of housing estates in Brno, highly appreciate the meaning of large green open spaces between buildings. The paper presents results of basic research. The results indicate that the sustainability of open housing estate forms is higher than the authors expected.

Plný text v Digitální knihovně

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT142700,
  author="Pavla {Kilnarová} and Maxmilian {Wittmann}",
  title="Open Space between Residential Buildings as a Factor of
Sustainable Development – Case Studies in Brno (Czech
Republic) and Vienna (Austria)",
  annote="The characteristics of open spaces between residential buildings have, as authors
suppose, an impact on the sustainable development of urban areas. Spatial arrangement and
accessibility of these spaces, the type and height of surrounding buildings, the quantity and
character of greenery, and many more characteristics influence the quality of environment, and
the quality of life of local residents. These and further characteristics of the open spaces between
residential buildings influence the ecological stability of the area, its hygienic qualities, the
intensity and way of using by various social groups, and also the prices of real estates. These
qualities indicate the environmental, social and economic sustainability of the urban area. The
proposed research methodology assessed specific indicators of sustainability within a range from
0 to 10 points. 5 points correspond to the general standard in the area, 0 points indicate
degradation, and 10 points indicate the highest contribution to sustainable development.
Observation methods, questionnaire survey, statistical analyses, and methods of measurement
were used to determine the values of the given indicators. The paper analyses the impact of the
open spaces between residential buildings on sustainability via the case studies performed in the
Central European cities of Brno, Czech Republic and Vienna, Austria. Two forms of residential
urban structures in the City of Brno in the Czech Republic were selected for the analysis: the
closed courtyards in the urban block from the 19th century and the open spaces in the housing
estates constructed under socialism in the 20th century. The question is, if the different forms of
spaces between residential buildings influence the sustainability of urban area and satisfaction
of inhabitants in different ways. A complementary case study in Vienna indicates that inhabitants
of a housing estate in Vienna, as well as inhabitants of housing estates in Brno, highly appreciate
the meaning of large green open spaces between buildings. The paper presents results of basic
research. The results indicate that the sustainability of open housing estate forms is higher than
the authors expected.",
  address="IOP Publishing",
  booktitle="IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science",
  chapter="142700",
  doi="10.1088/1755-1315/95/5/052008",
  howpublished="online",
  institution="IOP Publishing",
  number="95",
  year="2017",
  month="december",
  pages="1--12",
  publisher="IOP Publishing",
  type="conference paper"
}