Detail publikace

Kovové katalyzátory - cesta k čistému plynu ze zplyňování biomasy

BALÁŠ, M. SKÁLA, F. LISÝ, M. POSPÍŠIL, J.

Originální název

Kovové katalyzátory - cesta k čistému plynu ze zplyňování biomasy

Český název

Kovové katalyzátory - cesta k čistému plynu ze zplyňování biomasy

Typ

článek ve sborníku ve WoS nebo Scopus

Jazyk

cs

Originální abstrakt

Biomass as fuel is a significant source of renewable energy. In comparison with fossil fuels, however, its effective use is more complicated. This is the reason why other than conventional technologies of combustion are sought to make energy use of biomass. One of the ways of converting biomass to thermal energy or electric power is thermal gasification. The generated gas can consequently be used in combustion engines, gas turbines, or be directly burnt in the furnaces of steam boilers. Yet another interesting way of using the gas is separation and use of its individual constituents, e.g. separation of hydrogen for fuel cells. Institute of Power Engineering attached to the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the Brno University of Technology has for years been dealing with biomass gasification and cleaning of the generated gas. BIOFLUID 100 is a pilot plant. The benefit of research carried out using this plant is the fact that it generates a real gas that is then cleaned under real conditions and supplied to the attached technologies (in our case burning in a combustion chamber and in a combustion engine). The present article is summing up current know-how in the area of tar and gas removal using metallic catalysts in a secondary reactor. A comparison is made of the results of measurements using three kinds of metal-based catalysts involving a variety of operating conditions.

Český abstrakt

Biomass as fuel is a significant source of renewable energy. In comparison with fossil fuels, however, its effective use is more complicated. This is the reason why other than conventional technologies of combustion are sought to make energy use of biomass. One of the ways of converting biomass to thermal energy or electric power is thermal gasification. The generated gas can consequently be used in combustion engines, gas turbines, or be directly burnt in the furnaces of steam boilers. Yet another interesting way of using the gas is separation and use of its individual constituents, e.g. separation of hydrogen for fuel cells. Institute of Power Engineering attached to the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the Brno University of Technology has for years been dealing with biomass gasification and cleaning of the generated gas. BIOFLUID 100 is a pilot plant. The benefit of research carried out using this plant is the fact that it generates a real gas that is then cleaned under real conditions and supplied to the attached technologies (in our case burning in a combustion chamber and in a combustion engine). The present article is summing up current know-how in the area of tar and gas removal using metallic catalysts in a secondary reactor. A comparison is made of the results of measurements using three kinds of metal-based catalysts involving a variety of operating conditions.

Klíčová slova

biomass, gasofocation, tar, catalysts,

Rok RIV

2010

Vydáno

17.03.2010

Místo

Plzeň

ISBN

978-80-7043-866-4

Kniha

Erin 2010, sborník abstraktů

Strany od

1

Strany do

8

Strany počet

8

Dokumenty

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT35913,
  author="Marek {Baláš} and František {Skála} and Martin {Lisý} and Jiří {Pospíšil}",
  title="Kovové katalyzátory - cesta k čistému plynu ze zplyňování biomasy",
  annote="Biomass as fuel is a significant source of renewable energy. In comparison with fossil fuels, however, its effective use is more complicated. This is the reason why other than conventional technologies of combustion are sought to make energy use of biomass. 
One of the ways of converting biomass to thermal energy or electric power is thermal gasification. The generated gas can consequently be used in combustion engines, gas turbines, or be directly burnt in the furnaces of steam boilers. Yet another interesting way of using the gas is separation and use of its individual constituents, e.g. separation of hydrogen for fuel cells.
Institute of Power Engineering attached to the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the Brno University of Technology has for years been dealing with biomass gasification and cleaning of the generated gas. BIOFLUID 100 is a pilot plant. The benefit of research carried out using this plant is the fact that it generates a real gas that is then cleaned under real conditions and supplied to the attached technologies (in our case burning in a combustion chamber and in a combustion engine).
The present article is summing up current know-how in the area of tar and gas removal using metallic catalysts in a secondary reactor. A comparison is made of the results of measurements using three kinds of metal-based catalysts involving a variety of operating conditions.",
  booktitle="Erin 2010, sborník abstraktů",
  chapter="35913",
  howpublished="print",
  year="2010",
  month="march",
  pages="1--8",
  type="conference paper"
}