Detail publikace

TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION OF AEROSOLS IN HUMAN AIRWAYS

KATOLICKÝ, J. FORMAN, M. JÍCHA, M.

Originální název

TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION OF AEROSOLS IN HUMAN AIRWAYS

Český název

TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION OF AEROSOLS IN HUMAN AIRWAYS

Anglický název

TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION OF AEROSOLS IN HUMAN AIRWAYS

Typ

článek ve sborníku

Jazyk

en

Originální abstrakt

A numerical model of aerosol transport in human airways is presented that contains 6 to 9 bifurcations and about 100 terminations. The model was acquired from a CT scan of a living person and contains oral/nasal cavity, thoracic and lower airways. Two breathing activities are modeled: 1) Resting conditions with a tidal volume 0,5liter, the minute ventilation 15 l/min and the period 4 sec/cycle and 2) Heavy activity (maximum exercise) with the idal volume 3.33 liter, the minute ventilation 120 l/min and the period 1.25 sec/cycle. The inspiration/expiration cycle was modelled following the sinusoidal function. Euler-Lagrange approach was used to model aerosol transport and deposition in the airways. The total concentration of aerosol was assumed 50ěg/m3 divided into three classes PM10, PM2.5 a PM 1 with appropriate fractions 25ěg/m3, 9 ěg/m3 and 16 ěg/m3, respectively. Results of the odeling show the velocity field in several locations along the airways in different time steps of inspiration and expiration phases as well as deposition of individual aerosol sizes in the individual segments of the human airways.

Český abstrakt

A numerical model of aerosol transport in human airways is presented that contains 6 to 9 bifurcations and about 100 terminations. The model was acquired from a CT scan of a living person and contains oral/nasal cavity, thoracic and lower airways. Two breathing activities are modeled: 1) Resting conditions with a tidal volume 0,5liter, the minute ventilation 15 l/min and the period 4 sec/cycle and 2) Heavy activity (maximum exercise) with the idal volume 3.33 liter, the minute ventilation 120 l/min and the period 1.25 sec/cycle. The inspiration/expiration cycle was modelled following the sinusoidal function. Euler-Lagrange approach was used to model aerosol transport and deposition in the airways. The total concentration of aerosol was assumed 50ěg/m3 divided into three classes PM10, PM2.5 a PM 1 with appropriate fractions 25ěg/m3, 9 ěg/m3 and 16 ěg/m3, respectively. Results of the odeling show the velocity field in several locations along the airways in different time steps of inspiration and expiration phases as well as deposition of individual aerosol sizes in the individual segments of the human airways.

Anglický abstrakt

A numerical model of aerosol transport in human airways is presented that contains 6 to 9 bifurcations and about 100 terminations. The model was acquired from a CT scan of a living person and contains oral/nasal cavity, thoracic and lower airways. Two breathing activities are modeled: 1) Resting conditions with a tidal volume 0,5liter, the minute ventilation 15 l/min and the period 4 sec/cycle and 2) Heavy activity (maximum exercise) with the idal volume 3.33 liter, the minute ventilation 120 l/min and the period 1.25 sec/cycle. The inspiration/expiration cycle was modelled following the sinusoidal function. Euler-Lagrange approach was used to model aerosol transport and deposition in the airways. The total concentration of aerosol was assumed 50ěg/m3 divided into three classes PM10, PM2.5 a PM 1 with appropriate fractions 25ěg/m3, 9 ěg/m3 and 16 ěg/m3, respectively. Results of the odeling show the velocity field in several locations along the airways in different time steps of inspiration and expiration phases as well as deposition of individual aerosol sizes in the individual segments of the human airways.

Klíčová slova

AEROSOLS, HUMAN AIRWAYS

Rok RIV

2007

Vydáno

01.07.2007

Místo

SunCity

ISBN

978-1-86854-643-5

Kniha

Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Strany od

31

Strany do

35

Strany počet

5

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT22645,
  author="Jaroslav {Katolický} and Matěj {Forman} and Miroslav {Jícha}",
  title="TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION OF AEROSOLS IN HUMAN AIRWAYS",
  annote="A numerical model of aerosol transport in human airways is presented that contains 6 to 9 bifurcations and about 100 terminations. The model was acquired from a CT scan of a living person and contains oral/nasal cavity, thoracic and lower airways. Two breathing activities are modeled: 1) Resting conditions with a tidal volume 0,5liter, the minute ventilation 15 l/min and the period 4 sec/cycle and 2) Heavy activity (maximum exercise) with the idal volume 3.33 liter, the minute ventilation 120 l/min and the period 1.25 sec/cycle. The inspiration/expiration cycle was modelled following the sinusoidal function. Euler-Lagrange approach was used to model aerosol transport and deposition in the airways. The total concentration of aerosol was assumed 50ěg/m3 divided into three classes PM10, PM2.5 a PM 1 with appropriate fractions 25ěg/m3, 9 ěg/m3 and 16 ěg/m3, respectively. Results of the odeling show the velocity field in several locations along the airways in different time steps of inspiration and expiration phases as well as deposition of individual aerosol sizes in the individual segments of the human airways.",
  booktitle="Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics",
  chapter="22645",
  year="2007",
  month="july",
  pages="31--35",
  type="conference paper"
}