Detail publikace

Numerical models of solidification and their application in metal and ceramic technology

Originální název

Numerical models of solidification and their application in metal and ceramic technology

Anglický název

Numerical models of solidification and their application in metal and ceramic technology

Jazyk

en

Originální abstrakt

Solidification (crystallization) phenomena play a major role in such diverse operations as casting, crystal growth, and welding. Solidification proceeds at various rates, which are sometimes far from equilibrium. Thus, the casting microstructure obtained is generally not homogeneous and gives rise to variations in composition with position at both small and large scales, which is known as segregation. Solute segregation is important because it leads to non-equilibrium phases, cracks, and other problems, which lower the mechanical properties of the final product. Segregation is classified, according to its scale, as macro-segregation or micro-segregation. Macro-segregation prediction is very complex. Among many other things, it depends on an accurate prediction of micro-segregation. Micro-segregation refers to a composition variation within the columnar or equiaxed dendritic solidification structure, which has a length scale of the order of only few micrometers. It is usual to characterize the extent of micro-segregation using a ranking scheme of randomly sampled electron micro-analysis data. Thermodynamic quantities are often calculated from measurements of the as-cast segregation profile, in particular, the partition coefficient. These thermodynamic quantities are used for alloy development programs and in casting process models both as input properties and for validation. A well-founded technique is thus imperative for evaluating compositional data from X-ray microanalysis. Commercially available softwares are not able to predict the chemical heterogeneity of continuously cast material components of multi-component alloys. This publication shows the application of the commercial and the two original models of the simulation of temperature field castings and continuously cast slabs in various applications metallurgical and ceramic technology. The third applied original model is the model of chemical heterogeneity of elements, allowing the description and measurement of the dendritic main elements and impurities in solidifying castings.

Anglický abstrakt

Solidification (crystallization) phenomena play a major role in such diverse operations as casting, crystal growth, and welding. Solidification proceeds at various rates, which are sometimes far from equilibrium. Thus, the casting microstructure obtained is generally not homogeneous and gives rise to variations in composition with position at both small and large scales, which is known as segregation. Solute segregation is important because it leads to non-equilibrium phases, cracks, and other problems, which lower the mechanical properties of the final product. Segregation is classified, according to its scale, as macro-segregation or micro-segregation. Macro-segregation prediction is very complex. Among many other things, it depends on an accurate prediction of micro-segregation. Micro-segregation refers to a composition variation within the columnar or equiaxed dendritic solidification structure, which has a length scale of the order of only few micrometers. It is usual to characterize the extent of micro-segregation using a ranking scheme of randomly sampled electron micro-analysis data. Thermodynamic quantities are often calculated from measurements of the as-cast segregation profile, in particular, the partition coefficient. These thermodynamic quantities are used for alloy development programs and in casting process models both as input properties and for validation. A well-founded technique is thus imperative for evaluating compositional data from X-ray microanalysis. Commercially available softwares are not able to predict the chemical heterogeneity of continuously cast material components of multi-component alloys. This publication shows the application of the commercial and the two original models of the simulation of temperature field castings and continuously cast slabs in various applications metallurgical and ceramic technology. The third applied original model is the model of chemical heterogeneity of elements, allowing the description and measurement of the dendritic main elements and impurities in solidifying castings.

BibTex


@book{BUT130087,
  author="František {Kavička} and Jana {Dobrovská} and Josef {Štětina} and Karel {Stránský} and Jaroslav {Katolický} and Bohumil {Sekanina} and Jaromír {Heger} and Hana {Francová}",
  title="Numerical models of solidification and their application in metal and ceramic technology",
  annote="Solidification (crystallization) phenomena play a major role in such diverse operations as casting, crystal growth, and welding. Solidification proceeds at various rates, which are sometimes far from equilibrium. Thus, the casting microstructure obtained is generally not homogeneous and gives rise to variations in composition with position at both small and large scales, which is known as segregation. Solute segregation is important because it leads to non-equilibrium phases, cracks, and other problems, which lower the mechanical properties of the final product. Segregation is classified, according to its scale, as macro-segregation or micro-segregation.
Macro-segregation prediction is very complex. Among many other things, it depends on an accurate prediction of micro-segregation. Micro-segregation refers to a composition variation within the columnar or equiaxed dendritic solidification structure, which has a length scale of the order of only few micrometers. It is usual to characterize the extent of micro-segregation using a ranking scheme of randomly sampled electron micro-analysis data. Thermodynamic quantities are often calculated from measurements of the as-cast segregation profile, in particular, the partition coefficient. These thermodynamic quantities are used for alloy development programs and in casting process models both as input properties and for validation. A well-founded technique is thus imperative for evaluating compositional data from X-ray microanalysis.
Commercially available softwares are not able to predict the chemical heterogeneity of continuously cast material components of multi-component alloys. This publication shows the application of the commercial and the two original models of the simulation of temperature field castings and continuously cast slabs in various applications metallurgical and ceramic technology. The third applied original model is the model of chemical heterogeneity of elements, allowing the description and measurement of the dendritic main elements and impurities in solidifying castings.

",
  address="Brno University of Technology, VŠB Technical University of Ostrava",
  booktitle="Numerical models of solidification and their application in metal and ceramic technology",
  chapter="130087",
  edition="Brno University of Technology, VŠB Technical University of Ostrava",
  howpublished="print",
  institution="Brno University of Technology, VŠB Technical University of Ostrava",
  year="2016",
  month="november",
  pages="1--161",
  publisher="Brno University of Technology, VŠB Technical University of Ostrava",
  type="book"
}