Detail publikace

Change of Airflow Character During Respiratory Cycle in Semi-Realistic Model of Human Tracheobronchial Tree

Originální název

Change of Airflow Character During Respiratory Cycle in Semi-Realistic Model of Human Tracheobronchial Tree

Anglický název

Change of Airflow Character During Respiratory Cycle in Semi-Realistic Model of Human Tracheobronchial Tree

Jazyk

en

Originální abstrakt

This article deals with study of airflow under breathing process, which is characteristic by unsteady behavior. Simulations provided by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was compared with experiments performed on similar geometry of human upper airways. This geometry was represented by mouth cavity of realistic shape connected to an idealized tracheobronchial tree up to fourth generation of branching. Commercial CFD software Star-CCM+ was used to calculate airflow inside investigated geometry and method of Reynolds averaging of Navier-Stokes equations was used for subscribing the turbulent behavior through model geometry. Conditions corresponding to resting state were considered. Comparisons with experiments were provided on several points through trachea and bronchial tree and results with respect to inspiratory and respiratory part of breathing cycle was discussed.

Anglický abstrakt

This article deals with study of airflow under breathing process, which is characteristic by unsteady behavior. Simulations provided by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was compared with experiments performed on similar geometry of human upper airways. This geometry was represented by mouth cavity of realistic shape connected to an idealized tracheobronchial tree up to fourth generation of branching. Commercial CFD software Star-CCM+ was used to calculate airflow inside investigated geometry and method of Reynolds averaging of Navier-Stokes equations was used for subscribing the turbulent behavior through model geometry. Conditions corresponding to resting state were considered. Comparisons with experiments were provided on several points through trachea and bronchial tree and results with respect to inspiratory and respiratory part of breathing cycle was discussed.

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT129900,
  author="Jakub {Elcner} and František {Lízal} and Jan {Jedelský} and Miroslav {Jícha}",
  title="Change of Airflow Character During Respiratory Cycle in Semi-Realistic Model of Human Tracheobronchial Tree",
  annote="This article deals with study of airflow under breathing process, which is characteristic by unsteady behavior. Simulations provided by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was compared with experiments performed on similar geometry of human upper airways. This geometry was represented by mouth cavity of realistic shape connected to an idealized tracheobronchial tree up to fourth generation of branching. Commercial CFD software Star-CCM+ was used to calculate airflow inside investigated geometry and method of Reynolds averaging of Navier-Stokes equations was used for subscribing the turbulent behavior through model geometry. Conditions corresponding to resting state were considered. Comparisons with experiments were provided on several points through trachea and bronchial tree and results with respect to inspiratory and respiratory part of breathing cycle was discussed.",
  address="University of Žilina",
  booktitle="The Application of Experimental and Numerical methods in Fluid Mechanics and Energy 2016",
  chapter="129900",
  howpublished="print",
  institution="University of Žilina",
  year="2016",
  month="april",
  pages="37--40",
  publisher="University of Žilina",
  type="conference paper"
}