Detail publikace

Magnetic Properties of ZnFe2O4 Nanoparticles Synthesized by Starch-Assisted Sol-Gel Auto-combustion Method

Originální název

Magnetic Properties of ZnFe2O4 Nanoparticles Synthesized by Starch-Assisted Sol-Gel Auto-combustion Method

Anglický název

Magnetic Properties of ZnFe2O4 Nanoparticles Synthesized by Starch-Assisted Sol-Gel Auto-combustion Method

Jazyk

en

Originální abstrakt

In this paper, ZnFe2O4 spinel ferrite nanoparticles with different grain sizes at different annealing temperatures have been synthesized using the starch-assisted sol–gel auto-combustion method. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by conventional powder X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometer. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns demonstrated that the ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles consist of single-phase spinel structure with crystallite sizes 4.81, 8.72, 12.06, 29.32, and 72.60 nm annealed at 400, 600, 800, 1000, and 1200 ◦C, respectively. Field emission scanning electron microscopy reveals that particles are of spherical morphology at lower annealing temperature and hexagonal-like morphology at higher temperature. An infrared spectroscopy study shows the presence of two principal absorption bands in the frequency range around 525 cm−1 (ν1) and around 350 cm−1 (ν2), which indicate the presence of tetrahedral and octahedral group complexes, respectively, within the spinel ferrite nanoparticles. Raman spectroscopy study also indicated the change in octahedral and tetrahedral site-related Raman modes in zinc ferrite nanoparticles with change of particle size. The nanocrystalline ZnFe2O4 samples (4.81, 8.72, 12.06, 29.32 nm) show ferrimagnetic behavior, and bulk sample (72.60 nm) shows paramagnetic behavior. This change in magnetic behavior is due to change of cation distribution in ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles with decrease of particle size.

Anglický abstrakt

In this paper, ZnFe2O4 spinel ferrite nanoparticles with different grain sizes at different annealing temperatures have been synthesized using the starch-assisted sol–gel auto-combustion method. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by conventional powder X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometer. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns demonstrated that the ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles consist of single-phase spinel structure with crystallite sizes 4.81, 8.72, 12.06, 29.32, and 72.60 nm annealed at 400, 600, 800, 1000, and 1200 ◦C, respectively. Field emission scanning electron microscopy reveals that particles are of spherical morphology at lower annealing temperature and hexagonal-like morphology at higher temperature. An infrared spectroscopy study shows the presence of two principal absorption bands in the frequency range around 525 cm−1 (ν1) and around 350 cm−1 (ν2), which indicate the presence of tetrahedral and octahedral group complexes, respectively, within the spinel ferrite nanoparticles. Raman spectroscopy study also indicated the change in octahedral and tetrahedral site-related Raman modes in zinc ferrite nanoparticles with change of particle size. The nanocrystalline ZnFe2O4 samples (4.81, 8.72, 12.06, 29.32 nm) show ferrimagnetic behavior, and bulk sample (72.60 nm) shows paramagnetic behavior. This change in magnetic behavior is due to change of cation distribution in ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles with decrease of particle size.

BibTex


@article{BUT112968,
  author="Raghvendra Singh {Yadav} and Jaromír {Havlica} and Ivo {Kuřitka} and Zuzana {Kožáková} and Martin {Palou} and Eva {Bartoníčková} and Martin {Boháč} and Františka {Frajkorová} and Jiří {Másilko} and Miroslava {Mončeková} and Vojtěch {Enev} and Jaromír {Wasserbauer}",
  title="Magnetic Properties of ZnFe2O4 Nanoparticles Synthesized by Starch-Assisted Sol-Gel Auto-combustion Method",
  annote="In this paper, ZnFe2O4 spinel ferrite nanoparticles with different grain sizes at different annealing temperatures
have been synthesized using the starch-assisted sol–gel auto-combustion method. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by conventional powder X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometer. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns demonstrated that the ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles consist of single-phase spinel structure with crystallite sizes 4.81, 8.72, 12.06, 29.32, and 72.60 nm annealed at 400, 600, 800, 1000, and 1200 ◦C, respectively. Field emission scanning electron microscopy reveals that particles are of spherical morphology at lower annealing temperature and hexagonal-like morphology at higher temperature. An infrared spectroscopy study shows the presence of two principal absorption bands in the frequency range around 525 cm−1 (ν1) and around 350 cm−1 (ν2), which indicate the presence of tetrahedral and octahedral group complexes, respectively, within the spinel ferrite nanoparticles. Raman spectroscopy study also indicated the change in octahedral and tetrahedral site-related Raman modes in zinc ferrite nanoparticles with change of particle size. The nanocrystalline ZnFe2O4 samples (4.81, 8.72, 12.06, 29.32 nm) show ferrimagnetic behavior, and bulk sample (72.60 nm) shows paramagnetic behavior. This change in magnetic behavior is due to change of cation distribution in ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles with decrease of particle size.",
  address="Springer",
  chapter="112968",
  doi="10.1007/s10948-014-2870-z",
  howpublished="online",
  institution="Springer",
  number="28",
  volume="2015",
  year="2014",
  month="october",
  pages="1417--1423",
  publisher="Springer",
  type="journal article in Web of Science"
}