Detail publikace

Charakteristiky pohybu kapek v effervescent sprejích

JEDELSKÝ, J. ZAREMBA, M. MALÝ, M. JÍCHA, M.

Originální název

Characteristics of droplet motion in effervescent sprays

Český název

Charakteristiky pohybu kapek v effervescent sprejích

Anglický název

Characteristics of droplet motion in effervescent sprays

Typ

článek ve sborníku

Jazyk

en

Originální abstrakt

Time resolved droplet size and velocity measurement was made using Phase-Doppler anemometry in an effervescent spray at GLR of 6 % and operation pressure drops 21 – 52 kPa. The spray shows a size dependent variation of mean as well as fluctuating axial and radial velocities of droplets similarly for all operation regimes. Particles under 13 um follow the gas flow, axially decelerated due to gas expansion. Velocity of medium sized particles is positively size correlated and larger particles keep high velocity, given them during discharge. Fluctuating radial velocity of small particles is larger than that of large particles while fluctuating axial velocity increases with size. Small particles thus reach a ratio of radial to axial velocity fluctuations ~ 0.6 but large particles only ~ 0.1, which indicates large transverse dispersion of small particles. Overall fluctuating velocity ratios smaller than 0.5 document an anisotropic character of the liquid mass fluctuations. Power spectral density (PSD) of axial velocity fluctuations of large droplets is uniform up to 1 kHz, while PSD of smaller particles drops down with frequency for frequencies > 100 Hz. Large particles thus preserve the fluctuations imposed during discharge while the gas turbulence drops with frequency. Turbulence intensity reaches 14 to 21 % depending on pressure. Such high-turbulence character of the flow probably results from a heterogeneous gas–liquid mixture at the discharge.

Český abstrakt

Článek se věnuje popisu charakteristik pohybu kapek v effervescent sprejích. Vychází z dat Dopplerovské anemometrie, více v anglické verzi abstraktu.

Anglický abstrakt

Time resolved droplet size and velocity measurement was made using Phase-Doppler anemometry in an effervescent spray at GLR of 6 % and operation pressure drops 21 – 52 kPa. The spray shows a size dependent variation of mean as well as fluctuating axial and radial velocities of droplets similarly for all operation regimes. Particles under 13 um follow the gas flow, axially decelerated due to gas expansion. Velocity of medium sized particles is positively size correlated and larger particles keep high velocity, given them during discharge. Fluctuating radial velocity of small particles is larger than that of large particles while fluctuating axial velocity increases with size. Small particles thus reach a ratio of radial to axial velocity fluctuations ~ 0.6 but large particles only ~ 0.1, which indicates large transverse dispersion of small particles. Overall fluctuating velocity ratios smaller than 0.5 document an anisotropic character of the liquid mass fluctuations. Power spectral density (PSD) of axial velocity fluctuations of large droplets is uniform up to 1 kHz, while PSD of smaller particles drops down with frequency for frequencies > 100 Hz. Large particles thus preserve the fluctuations imposed during discharge while the gas turbulence drops with frequency. Turbulence intensity reaches 14 to 21 % depending on pressure. Such high-turbulence character of the flow probably results from a heterogeneous gas–liquid mixture at the discharge.

Klíčová slova

Phase-Doppler analyser, pohyb kapek, effervescent spreje, Turbulentní kinetická energie, Frekvenční spektra

Rok RIV

2013

Vydáno

25.03.2014

Nakladatel

Technical university of Liberec

Místo

Kutná Hora

ISBN

978-80-260-5375-0

Kniha

EPJ Web of Conferences

Strany od

334

Strany do

339

Strany počet

6

BibTex


@inproceedings{BUT104262,
  author="Jan {Jedelský} and Matouš {Zaremba} and Milan {Malý} and Miroslav {Jícha}",
  title="Characteristics of droplet motion in effervescent sprays",
  annote="Time resolved droplet size and velocity measurement was made using Phase-Doppler anemometry in an effervescent spray at GLR of 6 % and operation pressure drops 21 – 52 kPa. The spray shows a size dependent variation of mean as well as fluctuating axial and radial velocities of droplets similarly for all operation regimes. Particles under 13 um follow the gas flow, axially decelerated due to gas expansion. Velocity of medium sized particles is positively size correlated and larger particles keep high velocity, given them during discharge. Fluctuating radial velocity of small particles is larger than that of large particles while fluctuating axial velocity increases with size. Small particles thus reach a ratio of radial to axial velocity fluctuations ~ 0.6 but large particles only ~ 0.1, which indicates large transverse dispersion of small particles. Overall fluctuating velocity ratios smaller than 0.5 document an anisotropic character of the liquid mass fluctuations. Power spectral density (PSD) of axial velocity fluctuations of large droplets is uniform up to 1 kHz, while PSD of smaller particles drops down with frequency for frequencies > 100 Hz. Large particles thus preserve the fluctuations imposed during discharge while the gas turbulence drops with frequency. Turbulence intensity reaches 14 to 21 % depending on pressure. Such high-turbulence character of the flow probably results from a heterogeneous gas–liquid mixture at the discharge.",
  address="Technical university of Liberec",
  booktitle="EPJ Web of Conferences",
  chapter="104262",
  doi="10.1051/epjconf/20146702050",
  howpublished="print",
  institution="Technical university of Liberec",
  number="2014",
  year="2014",
  month="march",
  pages="334--339",
  publisher="Technical university of Liberec",
  type="conference paper"
}