Detail předmětu

Specialty Polymer Synthesis

CEITEC VUT-DS212AAk. rok: 2019/2020

This lecture presents basic and advanced methods in the synthesis of polymers including various types of polymerizations (step and chain polymerizations, controlled and living techniques) to synthesize multiple kinds of homopolymers, copolymers (e.g. block copolymers, random copolymers) branched polymers/copolymers (e.g. star polymers, comb polymers, graft copolymers, dendrimers, hyperbranched polymers) end-functionalized polymers and macromonomers, and polymer networks. Emphasis is placed on controlling the reaction variables that affect polymer properties (chemical structure, molecular mass, branching, crosslinking, sol-gel transition and crystallinity). The modifications allowed by radical, cationic, and anionic chain polymerizations, copolymerization, ring-opening polymerization, and stereoselective polymerizations are considered. The use of self-assembly in the formation of macromolecular structures using hydrogen bonding, ionic bonding, and other non-covalent bonds is discussed at the end of the course.

Doporučená nebo povinná literatura

Hans-Georg Elias. Macromolecules, Volume 1 (Chemical structure and Syntheses), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KgaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2005. ISBN: 3-527-31172-6
Hans-Georg Elias. Macromolecules, Volume 2 (Industrial Polymers and Syntheses), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KgaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2007. ISBN: 3-527-31173-6
Odian, George. Principles of Polymerization. 4th ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Interscience, 2004. ISBN: 9780471274001.

Jazyk výuky

angličtina

Osnovy výuky

1. Introduction, definitions, polymerization processes, nomenclature and industry polymers
2. Step growth polymerization: Homogeneous, bulk and interfacial polymerizations (polyamides, polyaramids, polyimides), step condensation methods, segmented and block copolymers (common polyesters)
3. Free radical polymerization: bulk, suspension, solution, and emulsion process, initiators, monomer reactivity and copolymerization (polyvinyl chloride via precipitation polymerization, polyethylene via radical polymerization)
4. Controlled/”living” radical polymerization: ATRP (Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization) and RAFT (reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer radical polymerization)
5. Coordination polymerization: Ziegler-Natta Catalysis, stereochemistry of polymers, stereoregular polymerizations (polyolefines), metathesis polymerization, ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) (electro-active polymers), metallocene catalysts
6. Ionic Polymerizations: Anionic polymerization (nonliving, living), block copolymerization (polystyrene-polyethylene), cationic polymerization (isobutyl rubber, polyvinyl ethers)
7. Ring opening polymerizations: Anionic, cationic and other ROP, telechelic oligomers and novel architectures using coupling techniques (polyhydroxyalcanoates)
8. Polymer functionalization and modification: Macromonomers, biomaterials systems, liquid crystal polymers
9. Stimuli responsive hydrogels – physical and chemical crosslinking, gelation and degradation
10. Polymer architecture: block and random copolymers, branched polymers (graft, comb, dendrimers, star polymers), polymer networks
11. Inorganic polymer synthesis: Secondary H-bonding and ionic charge to build structures, self-assembly (poly(sulfur nitride), polysiloxanes, polysilanes, phosphnitrilic polymers)
12. Natural polymers: natural rubber and lignin, polysaccharides (cellulose, starch, hyaluronan, chitosan and other polysaccharides), proteins (wool, silk, collagen, spider web, and regenerated protein), polyesters (plant, animal)

Zařazení předmětu ve studijních plánech

  • Program STIAMNC doktorský

    obor AM , 1. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný

  • Program STIAMN doktorský

    obor AM , 1. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný
    obor ANTMT , 1. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný

  • Program STIAMNC doktorský

    obor ANTMT , 1. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný

  • Program STIPMN doktorský

    obor PM , 1. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný

  • Program STIPMN doktorský

    obor PM , 1. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný

  • Program STIPMNK doktorský

    obor PM , 1. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný

  • Program STIPMN doktorský

    obor PNTMT , 1. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný

  • Program STIPMNK doktorský

    obor PM , 2. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný

  • Program STIPMN doktorský

    obor PM , 2. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný

  • Program STIPMN doktorský

    obor PM , 2. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný

  • Program STIPMN doktorský

    obor PNTMT , 2. ročník, letní semestr, 0 kreditů, povinně volitelný