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Branch detail

Chemistry, Technology and Properties of Materials


Abbreviation: DPAO_CHM_4
Specialisation: -
Length of Study: 4 years
Programme: Chemistry, Technology and Properties of Materials
Faculty: Faculty of Chemistry
Academic year: 2017/2018
Accredited from: 21.12.2015
Accredited until: 31.5.2024
Profile of the branch:
The aim of the study is to educate experts in the field of materials engineering and engineering technology with an emphasis on chemical processes and material properties. In studies are also included basics of testing and measuring methods that the students were able to work not only as a leading technology teams in chemical plants, but also in basic and applied research, research and development institutes involved in the testing of physical-chemical characteristics of substances and in dedicated production promising new materials. This is also directed domestic and international internships. The inclusion of practical exercises doctoral students acquire basic experience with students, allowing them in the future can be integrated into the process of teaching at universities and secondary schools.
Key learning outcomes:
Chemistry graduate DSP technology and material properties is able to formulate a scientific problem, propose a hypothesis to solve it and make experimental and theoretical attempts to confirm it. An integral part of the basic knowledge of graduate DSP is the ability to critically assess published scientific information and the ability to express oneself in writing in the English language.
Occupational profiles of graduates with examples:
Graduates of Chemistry, Technology and material properties are equipped with both experimental and theoretical knowledge in the field of material structures and their properties. They control a number of methods for the characterization of materials not only at the level of theoretical description , but are also familiar with the practices of their use in practice ( a lot of information gain among others, during internships at foreign universities ) . Stays allow them to also expand your language skills. Theoretical foundations of obtain in appropriately selected subjects. Graduates also have experience in the provision of information and presentation of results at conferences and professional seminars , not only in Czech , but also the English language. Doctoral students are also encouraged to independent and creative thinking and technological foresight , allowing them to solve technological problems in a number of operations. Given that the study course " Chemistry, Technology and Properties of Materials " is a modern -conceived field of doctoral study, which is based on the current state and needs of the chemical, electronic and consumer goods industries , graduates are eligible to work in both the industrial sector and areas applied and basic research. It should be noted that the graduate study program also has a basic knowledge of chemistry and physics. The general basis is extended by special courses that include, for example, the progress of chemistry and physics , nanotechnology , use of secondary raw materials, bioengineering and the use of chemical and physical laws in the areas of inorganic and organic compounds.
Branch supervisor: prof. Ing. Martin Weiter, Ph.D.
Issued topics of Doctoral Study Program:
  1. Functional hybrid nanostructures

    The precise synthesis of materials and devices with tailored complex structures and properties is a prerequisite for the development of the next generation of products based on nanotechnology. Nowadays, the wet chemical technologies for the generation of this type of materials lack the precision to determine their properties and the synthesized materials contain numerous imperfections at the atomic level. The use of bottom-up approaches, which use small fragments of molecules or single atoms as building blocks, is an attractive approach for the synthesis of very complex and yet well-defined material structures. Preparation of hybrid organic-inorganic nanostructures with controlled physical and chemical properties is an example of highly sophisticated materials. Plasma nanotechnology working with the specific interaction of free radicals in the form of neutral and negative ions, which allows controlled design of a material with desired properties based on atomic processes, will be used for the synthesis of such hybrid nanostructures. Development of functional hybrid nanostructures will be directed to controlled interphase in polymer composites. Modeling and experimental data suggest that for such a hybrid organic-inorganic systems be developed nanostructured materials with controlled mechanical properties, wherein the Young’s modulus varies in the range up to two orders of magnitude (10^0-10^2 GPa) for the dimensional scale of less than 100 nm. However, the synthesis must allow simultaneous change in the character of the material from the organic to inorganic phase. The PhD thesis is aimed at preparing a feasibility study of these hybrid nanostructures by plasma nanotechnology and ways of analyzing their properties. The hybrid nanostructures have wide application potential and will be possible to develop them for nanoscale or macroscale functionality in specific hybrid devices.

    Tutor: Čech Vladimír, prof. RNDr., Ph.D.
  2. Optical properties of plasma polymer films

    Amorphous materials a-C:H, a-SiC:H a a-SiOC:H in a form of thin film will be deposited by plasma polymerization and studied using spectroscopic ellipsometry. Student will familiarize in details with phase modulated spectroscopic ellipsometry. The study is aimed at optical properties of single layers, functional multilayers, and gradient films. The thickness of individual layers in layered structures will be diminished below 100 nm. Dispersion curves for the refractive index and the extinction coefficient will be studied in correlation with chemical properties and film structure. The kinetic mode of ellipsometry will be used to investigate film growth. An effect of film thickness on optical properties will be discussed as well. Differentiation limits for individual layer in layered structures will be determined using ellipsometric measurements and model simulation. The results may be used to construct sophisticated optical and optoelectronic devices.

    Tutor: Čech Vladimír, prof. RNDr., Ph.D.
  3. Polymer composites without interfaces

    The interphase in polymer composites containing relatively sharp interfaces between the individual phases greatly reduces the performance of these materials. We start our concept of polymer composites without interfaces (inspired natural materials), where a gradient interlayer between the reinforcement and the polymeric matrix is designed to vary chemical and physical properties continuously from those of the reinforcement to those of the matrix. Model simulations with gradient interlayer enable to design the mechanical properties of the interlayer to simultaneously increase both the strength and the toughness of the resulting composite. Proposed gradient interlayer can be realized by using plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition with time-dependent deposition conditions enabling to control the interlayer adhesion at both the interfaces with the reinforcement and the matrix. The study will focus on the use of newly developed technological apparatus designed for the preparation of gradient interlayers and their application to fiber-reinforcement composites. The study will be an extensive analysis of chemical and physical properties of interlayers and their application in fiber-reinforced composites. The results and experience will enable to increase performance of polymer composites to a whole new level of smart materials.

    Tutor: Čech Vladimír, prof. RNDr., Ph.D.

Course structure diagram with ECTS credits

Year of study 1, winter semester

Code Title L. Cr. Sem. Com. Compl. Gr. Op.

Compulsory-optional
FCH-DCO_MPM Materials Science-Fundamentals and Ad... cs  0? winter CO DrEx 1 yes

Groups of optional courses
1 Obligation: 1 course  
 


Year of study 1, both

Code Title L. Cr. Sem. Com. Compl. Gr. Op.

Compulsory
FCH-DCO_FCHM Physical cs  0? both C DrEx   yes

Compulsory-optional
FCH-DCO_FPD Photoinduced processes in molecular m... cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_KM Ceramic materials cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_KOV Metallic Materials cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_MP Measurements of material parameters cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_MM Molecular materials cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_PMT Advanced Materials Technolgies and Ap... cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_PTV Preparation and properties of thin la... cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_VSD Utilisation of secondary products cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes

Groups of optional courses
1 Obligation: 1 course