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Branch detail

Chemistry, Technology and Properties of Materials


Original title in Czech: Chemie, technologie a vlastnosti materiálů
Abbreviation: DPCO_CHM_4
Specialisation: -
Length of Study: 4 years
Programme: Chemistry, Technology and Properties of Materials
Faculty: Faculty of Chemistry
Academic year: 2017/2018
Accredited from: 30.4.2012
Accredited until: 31.5.2024
Profile of the branch:
The aim of the study is to educate experts in the field of materials engineering and engineering technology with an emphasis on chemical processes and material properties. In studies are also included basics of testing and measuring methods that the students were able to work not only as a leading technology teams in chemical plants, but also in basic and applied research, research and development institutes involved in the testing of physical-chemical characteristics of substances and in dedicated production promising new materials. This is also directed domestic and international internships. The inclusion of practical exercises doctoral students acquire basic experience with students, allowing them in the future can be integrated into the process of teaching at universities and secondary schools.
Key learning outcomes:
Chemistry graduate DSP technology and material properties is able to formulate a scientific problem, propose a hypothesis to solve it and make experimental and theoretical attempts to confirm it. An integral part of the basic knowledge of graduate DSP is the ability to critically assess published scientific information and the ability to express oneself in writing in the English language.
Occupational profiles of graduates with examples:
Graduates of Chemistry, Technology and material properties are equipped with both experimental and theoretical knowledge in the field of material structures and their properties. They control a number of methods for the characterization of materials not only at the level of theoretical description , but are also familiar with the practices of their use in practice ( a lot of information gain among others, during internships at foreign universities ) . Stays allow them to also expand your language skills. Theoretical foundations of obtain in appropriately selected subjects. Graduates also have experience in the provision of information and presentation of results at conferences and professional seminars , not only in Czech , but also the English language. Doctoral students are also encouraged to independent and creative thinking and technological foresight , allowing them to solve technological problems in a number of operations. Given that the study course " Chemistry, Technology and Properties of Materials " is a modern -conceived field of doctoral study, which is based on the current state and needs of the chemical, electronic and consumer goods industries , graduates are eligible to work in both the industrial sector and areas applied and basic research. It should be noted that the graduate study program also has a basic knowledge of chemistry and physics. The general basis is extended by special courses that include, for example, the progress of chemistry and physics , nanotechnology , use of secondary raw materials, bioengineering and the use of chemical and physical laws in the areas of inorganic and organic compounds.
Branch supervisor: prof. Ing. Martin Weiter, Ph.D.
Issued topics of Doctoral Study Program:
  1. Brick waste and their utilization

    Study of properties of different types of brick wastes mainly from the production of fire clay bricks and their applicability in binders.

    Tutor: Šoukal František, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  2. Functional hybrid nanostructures

    The precise synthesis of materials and devices with tailored complex structures and properties is a prerequisite for the development of the next generation of products based on nanotechnology. Nowadays, the wet chemical technologies for the generation of this type of materials lack the precision to determine their properties and the synthesized materials contain numerous imperfections at the atomic level. The use of bottom-up approaches, which use small fragments of molecules or single atoms as building blocks, is an attractive approach for the synthesis of very complex and yet well-defined material structures. Preparation of hybrid organic-inorganic nanostructures with controlled physical and chemical properties is an example of highly sophisticated materials. Plasma nanotechnology working with the specific interaction of free radicals in the form of neutral and negative ions, which allows controlled design of a material with desired properties based on atomic processes, will be used for the synthesis of such hybrid nanostructures. Development of functional hybrid nanostructures will be directed to controlled interphase in polymer composites. Modeling and experimental data suggest that for such a hybrid organic-inorganic systems be developed nanostructured materials with controlled mechanical properties, wherein the Young’s modulus varies in the range up to two orders of magnitude (10^0-10^2 GPa) for the dimensional scale of less than 100 nm. However, the synthesis must allow simultaneous change in the character of the material from the organic to inorganic phase. The PhD thesis is aimed at preparing a feasibility study of these hybrid nanostructures by plasma nanotechnology and ways of analyzing their properties. The hybrid nanostructures have wide application potential and will be possible to develop them for nanoscale or macroscale functionality in specific hybrid devices.

    Tutor: Čech Vladimír, prof. RNDr., Ph.D.
  3. High-strength polymer-cement composites

    Preparation, modification and characterization of polymer-cement (macrodefect-free) composites of enhanced moisture resistance.

    Tutor: Šoukal František, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  4. Materiasl for photonic applications

    The work is focused on the study of the relationship between materials structure and optical and optoelectrical properties. Among the studied features will be absorption, fluorescence quantum yield and lifetime, electrical conductivity, chargé carrier photogeneration, transport and recombination. The experimental work will be based on steady state optical spectroscopy as well as on time resolved techniques including laser-based techniques and electrical and optoelectrical characterization. The scope of the work also includes preparation and characterization of functional devices in the form of thin films.

    Tutor: Vala Martin, doc. Mgr., Ph.D.
  5. Mechanical activation of chemical reactions at phase interfaces

    Study of chemical reactions induced by mechanical activation (shear) at phase interfaces focused on polymer-cement interfaces utilizing XPS.

    Tutor: Šoukal František, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  6. New materials for organic bioelectronic devices and sensors

    The scope of work is the preparation and study of new materials suitable for application in organic bioelektronic devices and sensors. During the work the model devices based on studied materials will be prepared prepared and used for for the detection and stimulation of physiological functions of organisms.

    Tutor: Weiter Martin, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  7. New materials for organic bioelectronic devices and sensors

    The scope of work is the preparation and study of new materials suitable for application in organic bioelektronic devices and sensors. During the work the model devices based on studied materials will be prepared prepared and used for for the detection and stimulation of physiological functions of organisms.

    Tutor: Weiter Martin, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  8. New materials for organic bioelectronic devices and sensors

    The scope of work is the preparation and study of new materials suitable for application in organic bioelektronic devices and sensors. During the work the model devices based on studied materials will be prepared prepared and used for for the detection and stimulation of physiological functions of organisms.

    Tutor: Weiter Martin, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  9. Novel materials for organic electronics and photonics

    The scope of work is the preparation and study of new materials based on organic semiconductors. The work is mainly focused on the study of optical and electrical properties of new materials in relation to their molecular structure. The aim is to prepare materials with optimized properties for particular applications in organic electronics and photonics such as solar cells or organic transistors.

    Tutor: Weiter Martin, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  10. Optical properties of plasma polymer films

    Amorphous materials a-C:H, a-SiC:H a a-SiOC:H in a form of thin film will be deposited by plasma polymerization and studied using spectroscopic ellipsometry. Student will familiarize in details with phase modulated spectroscopic ellipsometry. The study is aimed at optical properties of single layers, functional multilayers, and gradient films. The thickness of individual layers in layered structures will be diminished below 100 nm. Dispersion curves for the refractive index and the extinction coefficient will be studied in correlation with chemical properties and film structure. The kinetic mode of ellipsometry will be used to investigate film growth. An effect of film thickness on optical properties will be discussed as well. Differentiation limits for individual layer in layered structures will be determined using ellipsometric measurements and model simulation. The results may be used to construct sophisticated optical and optoelectronic devices.

    Tutor: Čech Vladimír, prof. RNDr., Ph.D.
  11. Organic materials with nonlinear optical properties

    The work will be focused on the study of the relationship between molecular structure and nonlinear optical properties, in particular multi-photon absorption. Among the studied features will be light absorption, fluorescence quantum yield and lifetime, and determination of multi-photon absorption cross-sections and spectra. The experimental work will be based on steady state optical spectroscopy as well as on time resolved techniques including laser-based techniques. The scope of work will also include the study of materials properties for multi-photon microscopy and 3D printing with high resolution.

    Tutor: Vala Martin, doc. Mgr., Ph.D.
  12. Polymer composites without interfaces

    The interphase in polymer composites containing relatively sharp interfaces between the individual phases greatly reduces the performance of these materials. We start our concept of polymer composites without interfaces (inspired natural materials), where a gradient interlayer between the reinforcement and the polymeric matrix is designed to vary chemical and physical properties continuously from those of the reinforcement to those of the matrix. Model simulations with gradient interlayer enable to design the mechanical properties of the interlayer to simultaneously increase both the strength and the toughness of the resulting composite. Proposed gradient interlayer can be realized by using plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition with time-dependent deposition conditions enabling to control the interlayer adhesion at both the interfaces with the reinforcement and the matrix. The study will focus on the use of newly developed technological apparatus designed for the preparation of gradient interlayers and their application to fiber-reinforcement composites. The study will be an extensive analysis of chemical and physical properties of interlayers and their application in fiber-reinforced composites. The results and experience will enable to increase performance of polymer composites to a whole new level of smart materials.

    Tutor: Čech Vladimír, prof. RNDr., Ph.D.
  13. Separation of air mass pollutants

    The work will focus on the technological possibilities of the air quality improving by means of selected pollutants separation. Attention is focused on the work with the currently most painful air quality parameters: -the content of ultrafine airborne particles of dust and aerosols in the air which exceeds mostly very often now -and the contents of certain gaseous contaminants as well. The experimental part of the selected segment separation work will be implemented on a pilot separator size.

    Tutor: Svěrák Tomáš, doc. Ing., CSc.
  14. Separation of air mass pollutants

    The work will focus on the technological possibilities of the air quality improving by means of selected pollutants separation. Attention is focused on the work with the currently most painful air quality parameters: -the content of ultrafine airborne particles of dust and aerosols in the air which exceeds mostly very often now -and the contents of certain gaseous contaminants as well. The experimental part of the selected segment separation work will be implemented on a pilot separator size.

    Tutor: Svěrák Tomáš, doc. Ing., CSc.
  15. Spherical anhydrite particles for self-leveling floor aplications

    Preparation and characterization of spherical particles from energy gypsum and its application in self-leveling plasters.

    Tutor: Šoukal František, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  16. Study of optical phenomena on thin-film structure whith graphene oxide layers

    Work will be focused on the study of surface properties of thin films used in the preparation of thin film structures with layers of graphene oxide.

    Tutor: Zmeškal Oldřich, prof. Ing., CSc.
  17. Study of ring formation in cement rotary kilns

    The work will be focused on the study of the rings formation mechanism in the in cement rotary kilns. The unfavorable rings built-up and their growth cause irreversible decrease of inner place of the kilns and ends with the furnace shutdown. The main emphasis will be given on bulk analyses of the reactants - “cement meals”, formed stickers, kiln `s lining beneath and around of the new-formed rings and finally fuels. On the base of obtained results the conditions and kinetics of rings’ formation will be determined. Under the determined findings the rings` formation and growth prevention will be suggested.

    Tutor: Šoukal František, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  18. Study of the properties of transistors based on ionic liquids

    The work will deal with the preparation of transistors with ionic liquids. They will be studied by optical, electrical and dielectric properties of thin film structures prepared with different intovými liquids.

    Tutor: Zmeškal Oldřich, prof. Ing., CSc.
  19. Volatiles in a cement rotary kiln

    Work will study volatiles occurring during the production of Portland cement in a rotary kiln and related technological units. Emphasis will be on the sources, circulation system and their potential influencing.

    Tutor: Šoukal František, doc. Ing., Ph.D.

Course structure diagram with ECTS credits

Year of study 1, winter semester

Code Title L. Cr. Sem. Com. Compl. Gr. Op.

Compulsory-optional
FCH-DCO_MPM Materials Science-Fundamentals and Ad... cs  0? winter CO DrEx 1 yes

Groups of optional courses
1 Obligation: 1 course  
 


Year of study 1, both

Code Title L. Cr. Sem. Com. Compl. Gr. Op.

Compulsory
FCH-DCO_FCHM Physical cs  0? both C DrEx   yes

Compulsory-optional
FCH-DCO_FPD Photoinduced processes in molecular m... cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_KM Ceramic materials cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_KOV Metallic Materials cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_MP Measurements of material parameters cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_MM Molecular materials cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_PMT Advanced Materials Technolgies and Ap... cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_PTV Preparation and properties of thin la... cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes
FCH-DCO_VSD Utilisation of secondary products cs  0? both CO DrEx 1 yes

Optional
FCH-MAA_BPA Biopolymers Properties and Applications en  0? both O Ex   yes

Groups of optional courses
1 Obligation: 1 course