• Brno University of Technology - Centre of Sports Activities
  • Research centres

  • Pravděpodobně máte vypnutý JavaScript. Některé funkce portálu nebudou funkční.

Branch detail

Constructions and Traffic Structures


Original title in Czech: Konstrukce a dopravní stavby
Abbreviation: KDS
Specialisation: -
Length of Study: 4 years
Programme: Civil Engineering
Faculty: Faculty of Civil Engineering
Academic year: 2017/2018
Accredited from: 25.7.2007
Accredited until: 31.12.2020
Profile of the branch:
PhD study of Constructions and Traffic Structures study branch is focused on a scientific training, methodology of research work and research development in the fields of structural theory, reliability and failure mechanism of structures. There are several study directions - structural mechanics, concrete and masonry structures, steel, timber and composite structures, geotechnics, railway structures, roads structures, experimental work and building testing.
Scientific preparation is based on knowledge of theoretical disciplines of natural sciences base together with theoretical and scientific disciplines of water management orientation. Graduate of PhD study is ready to work in research and development, using creative approach for problems solving of progressive structures including traffic structures. Continuous active scientific and pedagogical activity is a good condition for eventual qualification of graduates as academic employees at Universities.
Key learning outcomes:
Not applicable.
Occupational profiles of graduates with examples:
Not applicable.
Branch supervisor: prof. Ing. Marcela Karmazínová, CSc.
Issued topics of Doctoral Study Program:
  1. Aggregate-matrix-interface related issues in selected building composites

    To assess the influence of the interfacial transition zone (ITZ) between matrix and aggregate to toughening mechanisms of advanced building composites. Fracture processes connected with crack deflection, trapping, pinning and aggregates rupture will be studied. Properties of ITZ in concrete will be measured and used as input data for numerical simulations. To investigate the influence of geometry and aggregate-matrix materials’ mismatch on damage initiation and propagation in the composites.

    Tutor: Keršner Zbyněk, prof. Ing., CSc.
  2. Analysis and prediction of mechanical behavior with short fiber composites and textile reinforced composites

    Numerical and experimental research of composites.

    Tutor: Vořechovský Miroslav, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  3. Analysis of long-term behavior of concrete structures

    The aim of the work is an analysis of long-term behavior of concrete structures (bridges, buildings, tanks, etc.). Specification of methods for monitoring, specification of statical calculations , comparison of measured and calculated values.

    Tutor: Zich Miloš, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  4. Assessment and Prediction of the Concrete Cover Layers Durability

    Topic deals with the study of problems of concrete cover layers durability and contribute to development of the knowledge in the eld of durability assessment and evaluation. The first output is to generate the relationships between quality classications determined by non-standardized and standardized testing methods. The second output of this project is to develop a recommendation for the uniform classication of the concrete cover layers determined by dierent testing method.

    Tutor: Vymazal Tomáš, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  5. Building planning focusing on service life

    The work develops the issues in the Czech Republic eg published in the journal TKS Beton, 6/2013 with the name of the proposed focus on life: the implementation of the principles and standards of ISO 13823 General principles on the design of structures for durability.

    Tutor: Vymazal Tomáš, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  6. Concrete membrane structures supported by cables

    Structures assembled of precast members supported and prestressed by cables will be studied in respect of their static and dynamic function and technology of the erection. Their optimum shape that influence their function during the service will be searched. The structures will be checked for service load; also their ultimate capacity will be determined.

    Tutor: Stráský Jiří, prof. Ing., DSc.
  7. Crack localization during bending test by the Acoustic Emission Method

    The aim of the study will be behaviour monitoring of a type of samples at three or four points bending test. One of the Non-Destructive Testing method, in this case, Acoustic Emission Method is suitable for monitoring the sample cracks during its loading. The Ph.D. student will acquire knowledge about Testing methods.

    Tutor: Pazdera Luboš, prof. Ing., CSc.
  8. Damage and fracture of advanced building materials based structures

    Appropriate structural design from advanced building materials is conditioned by the ability of prediction of real response obtained by robust computational tools with implementation of proper failure models based on non-linear fracture mechanics.

    Tutor: Keršner Zbyněk, prof. Ing., CSc.
  9. Design of Modern Railway Stations

    The topic is focused on designing of railway stations regarding current operating needs, including involvement in integrated transport systems and increased demands for safety, traffic and interoperability of the railway system.

    Tutor: Svoboda Richard, Ing., Ph.D.
  10. Determination of mechanical properties of soil based on in-situ testing

    To determine the mechanical properties of soils, in addition to the laboratory tests used penetration tests in-situ. Correlations are determined for different types of soils by different authors. These relationships are not always transferable to other areas because soils are present bound to the formation, under different environmental conditions. The object is to analyze these relationships and make the correction for soils in the Czech Republic.

    Tutor: Miča Lumír, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  11. Diagnosis of reinforced concrete structures using electromagnetic indicators

    Localization of reinforcement in concrete structures are the essential tasks of diagnosis. Recently, there were significant innovations in instrumentation. To increase the effectiveness of the method is, however, necessary to perform research with a number of comparison measurements both in laboratory models as well as directly on the structure. The aim of the research is to optimize the methodology for locating reinforcement to refine static calculations of existing concrete structures.

    Tutor: Cikrle Petr, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  12. Diagnosis of reinforced concrete structures using GPR

    Localization of reinforcement in concrete structures are the essential tasks of diagnosis. Recently, there were significant innovations in GPR technology. The aim of the research is to optimize the methodology for locating reinforcement to refine static calculations of existing concrete structures.

    Tutor: Anton Ondřej, Ing., Ph.D.
  13. Discrete modeling of physical processes in heterogeneous materials

    The dissertation is focused on development of simulation techniques for representation of physical processes in heterogeneous materials. The models are to be focused preferably on materials with irregular inner structure and at the same time, those that are relevant for civil engineering (concrete and similar composites). The processes to be modeled are fracture, transport phenomena and fatigue.

    Tutor: Vořechovský Miroslav, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  14. Experimental Analysis of the rheological properties of the structural materials based on the silicate binders

    The work is focused on the experimental investigation of volume changes (shrinkage / swelling) in cement and cement-free composite materials. The main objective is to identify the external and internal factors and their influence on the resulting shrinkage/swelling values of particular materials. The assessment of the significance of the investigated factors will be performed for materials intended to load-bearing structures.

    Tutor: Kucharczyková Barbara, Ing., Ph.D.
  15. Fatigue assessment of steel bridges using linear fracture mechanics

    The broad objective is to contribute to the understanding and quantification of the time-dependent analysis of failure probability of elements of supporting steel structures, in particular of steel bridges. Theoretically based numerical instruments will be developed for the behaviour simulation of elements of these structures which are prone to formation of fatigue failure. The efficient stochastic approaches, enabling to study the influences of parameters under uncertainties on model responses of steel structures in time will be studied.

    Tutor: Kala Zdeněk, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  16. Fatigue of concrete and reinforced concrete

    Numerical and analytical modeling of fatigue in concerete and reinforced concrete

    Tutor: Vořechovský Miroslav, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  17. Grade curve optimization by simulation methods

    Packing problem for aggregate particles of different size is unsovable using analytical methods. Optimization by stochastic simulation should be examined.

    Tutor: Holcner Petr, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  18. Influence of aggregate properties on the service life of concrete structures of transport construction

    The work develops the issues in the Czech Republic eg published in the journal TKS Beton, 6/2013 with the name of the proposed focus on life: the implementation of the principles and standards of ISO 13823 General principles on the design of structures for durability.

    Tutor: Vymazal Tomáš, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  19. Influence of multiple cyclic loading on the value of static modulus of elasticity of hardened concrete in construction

    Thesis deals with influence of multiple cyclic loading on deformational characteristics of hardened concrete. A series of laboratory analyses for description of changes of static modulus of elasticity of hardened concrete under multiple cyclic loading will be made within the thesis. The loading will be performed in the elastic and plastic part of deformation diagram.

    Tutor: Vymazal Tomáš, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  20. Multilayer system analysis for flexible pavement assessment

    Load effect on pavemenent construction is computed according to standard TP170 "with use of a suitable program" based on "the multilayer elastic system model". Existing programs are verified empirically and the results are used in the pavement catalog. New computer program with an open source code is needed for the computational procedure. Furthermore, it is desirable to analyze different possible methods reflecting viscoelastic properties and rheological behavior of the binder used.

    Tutor: Holcner Petr, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  21. New Application of Innovated Pulse Ultrasonic Method for the Testing of Physical-Mechanical Properties of Ceramic Building Materials

    Operation and calibration of a modern two-channel ultrasonic pulse apparatus. Excitation with ultrasonic probes and oscilloscopic evaluation with the possibility of checking the process. Testing the suitability of other excitation possibilities enabling two-channel imaging. Refinement of results in problematic cases of measurement. Possibility of increasing the scope of the method. Extending the application of the method by separating the measurement base from the excitation point.

    Tutor: Stehlík Michal, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  22. Non-conventional intersections

    Non-conventional intersections conceal the potential for effective resolution of the poor performance of conventional intersections, yet they are not used in Czech or in Central Europe. The topic is focused on the analysis of their parameters and the subsequent assessment of their usability.

    Tutor: Apeltauer Tomáš, doc. Mgr., Ph.D.
  23. Numerical Methods in Uncertainty and Reliability Analyses

    Development of simulation and appximation methods for numerical analyses of problems featuring random variables. The bottom line is the development of advanced Monte Carlo strategies.

    Tutor: Vořechovský Miroslav, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  24. Optimization of vehicle trajectory

    Determination of vehicle trajectory in dependence on geometrical parameters of crossings, roundabouts and retarders. Algortithms for track and envelope curves under boundary conditions.

    Tutor: Holcner Petr, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  25. Pedestrian simulation in the critical transportation infrastructure

    Application of modern simulation tools to analyze the movement of persons and their evacuation in the critical transport infrastructure in order to optimize their design and the soft targets protection.

    Tutor: Apeltauer Tomáš, doc. Mgr., Ph.D.
  26. Probabilistic analysis of reliability of steel structures

    The reliability of bearing steel structures will be studied using stochastic computing models focused on sensitivity, statistical and probability analysis. Stochastic models will be created with the knowledge of numerical simulation methods and FEM nonlinear models, including knowledge of structural mechanics, theory of elasticity and plasticity, and other related disciplines necessary for stochastic modeling and computing.

    Tutor: Kala Zdeněk, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  27. Resistance of loaded structures of construction fibre concretes to the action of environment and chemical substances.

    The main goal of the dissertation is to analyze permeability and diffussion characteristics of fibre concretes with selected types and doses of fibres. The testing will be carried out on both loaded and unloaded samples with cracks made by bend loadind. The main output will be the proposal of formulations and estimation of durability of different types of fibre concretes especially loaded to achieve higher durability of reinforced concrete constructions.

    Tutor: Stehlík Michal, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  28. Response of rock mass during driving underground structures

    Analysis of driven underground structures behaviour - influence of selected factors. It is supposed to application of mathematical modelling for analysis these factors.

    Tutor: Boštík Jiří, Ing., Ph.D.
  29. Stochastic Finite Element Method

    Random spatial fluctuation of material and geometrical parameters of structures modeled by random fields in computational models.

    Tutor: Vořechovský Miroslav, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  30. Stochastic Fracture Mechanics

    This very general topic covers both analytical and computational mechanics of materials and structures where damage is developed in the sense of fracture mechanics and where such processes are influenced or driven by a random spatial fluctuation of material parameters.

    Tutor: Vořechovský Miroslav, prof. Ing., Ph.D.
  31. Technology of Constructuion and Maintenance of Railway Structures

    The topic is focused on research of technology procedures and corrective maintenance that lead to minimization of the traffic restriction, energy consumption, environmental impact and life cycle costs.

    Tutor: Svoboda Richard, Ing., Ph.D.
  32. The importance of over-consolidation of fine-grained soils on slope deformations

    Shear strength of soil is dependent on the state in which the soil is located and the conditions, which occur during shearing. One of the states is a over-consolidatede. In this type of soil, after the peak shear strength is reached, the softening of strength occurs. The subject of the thesis is to analyze slope deformation behavior of slopes in over-consolidated soils.

    Tutor: Miča Lumír, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  33. The method of acoustic emission for the study of dependence of deformational characteristics of loaded fibre concretes in different environments

    The addition of different types of fibres to various formulations of concretes stops the creation of microcracks in hydration time, and later, under loading, improves ductility behaviour of concrete after the creation of bend crack. The innovated method of acoustic emission can be used to study the dependence of crack creation – decrease of loadability – deformation of loaded fibre concretes of different formulations exposed in advance to the action of limiting environmental conditions.

    Tutor: Stehlík Michal, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
  34. The research of dynamic behaviour of railway lines

    The theme is focused on study of dynamic behaviour of railway lines. The theme includes railway superstructure and railway subbase. Topic involves experiment and simulation techniques. The tema also includes application of a suitable modern mathematical apparatus for the evaluation of the railway lines parameters including of artificial intelligence methods using.

    Tutor: Smutný Jaroslav, prof. Ing., Dr.

Course structure diagram with ECTS credits

Year of study 1, summer semester

Code Title L. Cr. Sem. Com. Compl. Gr. Op.

Compulsory
FAST-DO01 Doctoral seminar I (KDS) cs  4  summer C Ac   yes
FAST-DY02 Foreign Language Tutoring of PhD Stud... cs  1  summer C Ac   yes

Optional
FAST-DI61 Diagnostic methods in civil engineering cs  8  summer O Ex 4198 yes
FAST-DF61 Soil and Structure Interaction cs  8  summer O Ex 4198 yes
FAST-DM61 Reliability of Road Structures cs  8  summer O Ex 4198 yes
FAST-DL61 Theory of concrete and masonry struct... cs  8  summer O Ex 4198 yes
FAST-DN61 Permanent Way Theory cs  8  summer O Ex 4198 yes
FAST-DO61 Theory of metal and timber structures cs  8  summer O Ex 4198 yes
FAST-DD62 Theory of elasticity, plasticity and ... cs  8  summer O Ex 4198 yes
FAST-DD61 Structural mechanics cs  8  summer O Ex 4200 yes
FAST-DM62 Traffic Structures Theory cs  8  summer O Ex 4200 yes
FAST-DA58 Discrete Methods in Civil Engineering I cs  4  summer O Ac 4202 yes
FAST-DA61 Numerical methods I cs  4  summer O Ac 4202 yes
FAST-DA62 Probability and mathematical statistics cs  4  summer O Ac 4202 yes

Groups of optional courses
4198 Obligation: 1 course  
4200 Obligation: 1 course  
4202 Obligation: 1 course  
 


Year of study 2, winter semester

Code Title L. Cr. Sem. Com. Compl. Gr. Op.

Compulsory
FAST-DO02 Doctoral seminar II (KDS) cs  8  winter C Ac   yes

Optional
FAST-DA65 Time series analysis cs  10  winter O Ex 4199 yes
FAST-DA67 Applications of mathematical methods ... cs  10  winter O Ex 4199 yes
FAST-DA59 Discrete Methods in Civil Engineering II cs  10  winter O Ex 4199 yes
FAST-DA63 Numerical methods II cs  10  winter O Ex 4199 yes
FAST-DA66 Numerical methods for the variational... cs  10  winter O Ex 4199 yes
FAST-DA64 Models of regression cs  10  winter O Ex 4199 yes
FAST-DL62 Modelling of structures cs  8  winter O Ex 4201 yes
FAST-ZF52 Underground Engineering cs  8  winter O Ex 4201 yes
FAST-DI62 Radiation methods in civil engineering cs  8  winter O Ex 4201 yes
FAST-DD63 Dynamics of structures cs  8  winter O Ex 4201 yes
FAST-DN62 Railway Substructure Theory cs  8  winter O Ex 4201 yes
FAST-DO62 Theory of composite steel-concrete st... cs  8  winter O Ex 4201 yes
FAST-DM63 Environment and road design cs  8  winter O Ex 4201 yes

Groups of optional courses
4199 Obligation: 1 course  
4201 Obligation: 1 course  
 


Year of study 2, summer semester

Code Title L. Cr. Sem. Com. Compl. Gr. Op.

Compulsory
FAST-DY01 English for the Doctoral Study Programme cs  8  summer C Ex   yes
FAST-DO03 Doctoral seminar III (KDS) cs  8  summer C Ac   yes
 


Year of study 3, winter semester

Code Title L. Cr. Sem. Com. Compl. Gr. Op.

Compulsory
FAST-DO04 Doctoral seminar IV (KDS) cs  8  winter C Ac   yes
 


Year of study 3, summer semester

Code Title L. Cr. Sem. Com. Compl. Gr. Op.

Compulsory
FAST-DO05 Doctoral seminar V (KDS) cs  14  summer C Ac   yes
 


Year of study 4, winter semester

Code Title L. Cr. Sem. Com. Compl. Gr. Op.

Compulsory
FAST-DO06 Doctoral seminar VI (KDS) cs  14  winter C Ac   yes
 


Year of study 4, summer semester

Code Title L. Cr. Sem. Com. Compl. Gr. Op.

Compulsory
FAST-DO07 Doctoral seminar VII (KDS) cs  20  summer C Ac   yes