Course detail

Forensic Engineering - General Methodology

ÚSI-DSC01Acad. year: 2020/2021

The course prepares students for solving complicated valuation problems in the field of technical and technical-economic expertise and a research for this field. It also summarises problems of a practical performance of the expert activity so that students will gain knowledge about organization and management of the expert activity and they will be able to act in proceedings in front of public authorities (further only PA) as persons who participate in processing expert opinions within the activity of expert institutes eventually after appointment as experts as well.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will gain basic knowledge about organization and management of the expert activity, they will learn to apply systemic access at solving complicated problem situations especially in the field of technique, technical and technical-economic expertise and to apply this knowledge at processing expert opinions and at a creation of expert and scientific works for the given field.

Prerequisites

Not required.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

BRADÁČ a kol. : Soudní znalectví, 1. vyd. Brno: 2010. AKADEMICKÉ NAKLADATELSTVÍ CERM s.r.o., ISBN 978-80-7204-704-8
KLEDUS, R. Obecná metodika soudního inženýrství. 2. vyd. Brno: 2014. VUT v Brně, ÚSI. ISBN 978-80-214-5041-7
JANÍČEK, P. Systémová metodologie. Brána do řešení problémů. 1. vyd. Brno: 2014. AKADEMICKÉ NAKLADATELSTVÍ CERM, s.r.o. ISBN 978-80-7204-887-8
BRADÁČ, A. a kol. Soudní inženýrství. 1. vyd. (dotisk) Brno: 1999. AKADEMICKÉ NAKLADATELSTVÍ CERM, s.r.o. ISBN 80-7204-133-9 (CS)
RAIS, K., DOSKOČIL, R. Operační a systémová analýza I, Brno: 2006. AKADEMICKÉ NAKLADATELSTVÍ CERM s.r.o. (CS)
Časopis: Soudní inženýrství (Forensic Engineering). AKADEMICKÉ NAKLADATELSTVÍ CERM s.r.o., Brno (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The examination will consist of semestral work defense within which students elaborate the solution of the chosen expert or scientific problem in systemic conception and of the oral examination to the course content.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Systemic methodology: system theory, concepts of set and system, systemic access, systemic access attributes, systemic thought.
2. System of substantial quantities (SSQ) on object, basic concepts in system theory, (concepts related to a structure of entities, to processes on entity, to cognition, to a quantification of entities, to modelling and to ethics).
3. Forensic expertise, forensic engineering: position among other disciplines, forensic expertise as systemic object. Expertise legislation. The concept of expert. Expertise management and organization, types of expert opinions, legislation requirements on expert opinion.
4. Expertise legislation. Expert activity (activity of registered experts, expert activity of institutes, activity of experts ad hoc). Recruiting experts to submitting expert opinion in proceedings in front of public authorities (criminal proceedings, civil proceedings, administrative proceedings), recruiting experts except proceedings).
5. Solving problems in systemic conception, problem situation and problem, complex problem analysis, systemic procedure at solving problems. Systemic procedure at solving problems – cognitive problems. Systemic conception of systemic methods.
6. Expert activity in systemic conception: work with information at solving expert problems – receiving assignment, expert problem formulation, gaining information, information processing, answers to questions, information transmission, acts after submitting expert opinion. Application of regulations in expert opinion.
7. Expert share in providing evidence: basic concepts (evidence, means of proof, proving), proving in civil proceedings, in criminal proceedings, in administrative proceedings, examination, general principles of providing evidence (measurement, photograph, photogrammetry, movie record, sampling, protocol).
8. Introduction to logic: basic concepts, logic laws, survey of logic types, system of logic methods, application of logic laws in forensic engineering.
9. Systemic conception of experiment: systemic access to experiment, basic concepts, technical experiment phases, computer support of experiment, experiment theory, technical diagnostics. Experiment within investigative try in criminal proceedings.
10. Systemic conception of limit states of technical objects: definitions of basic concepts, limit states of technical objects, classification of limit states, systemic access to assessment of limit states of technical objects.
11. Modelling theory: modelling definition, modelling structure. Models and modelling – basic model characteristics, generalized model structure, generalized modelling structure, basic activities in modelling, types of modelling.
12. Introduction to special methodologies of forensic engineering. Direct and indirect causal problems. Introduction to specialized methods (method of action rewinding, method of narrowing bounds, analysis of actions in time and space, forensic-engineering comparison, crash analysis, methods for property valuation, property damage assessment).
13. Expert opinion structure, structure of scientific and dissertation works. Ethics at scientific work, ethics in the expert activity, expert responsibility for a submitted expert opinion (criminal responsibility, material responsibility), troubleshooting in expert opinion.

Aims

The study aim of the course is so that students will gain general knowledge of the field of systemic methodology (systemic access, systemic thought, systemic methods, systemic procedures), special expert knowledge of the chosen systemic methods (logic, modelling, experiment, limit states) and a basic survey of principles of specialized methods (method of action rewinding, method of narrowing bounds, analysis of actions in time and space, forensic-engineering comparison, crash analysis, methods for property valuation, property damage assessment). Within a preparation for a performance of the expert activity, the aim is to teach students to orientate in proceedings in front of public authorities so that they will be able to act as experts in criminal proceedings (CrP), civil proceedings (CP) and in administrative proceedings (AP), namely based on good knowledge of regulations regulating the expert activity and regulations regulating procedures of public authorities in these proceedings.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme DSoIK Doctoral

    branch SOI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory
    branch SOI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory
    branch SOI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory

  • Programme DSoIP Doctoral

    branch SOI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory
    branch SOI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory
    branch SOI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory
    branch SOI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory

  • Programme DSoIK Doctoral

    branch SOI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

52 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer