Course detail

Fluid Engineering

FSI-9FLIAcad. year: 2020/2021

The course is focused on problems of theoretical and applied hydromechanics concerning the edsign of hydraulic machines and elements.
Basic equations of fluid mechanics are derived using the tensorial calculus. These equations are then applied to find new principles of hydraulic machines and elements.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students should carry out qualitative analysis of fluid flow and use it for design of fundamentally new systems which exploit the properties of fluid-structure interaction.

Prerequisites

Mechanics of rigid and elastic bodies. Hydromechanics. Differential and integral calculus.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Brdička Miroslav: Mechanika kontinua. Academia Praha 2000 (CS)
Bird R. Biron: Transport phenomena John Wiley. New York (EN)
Pivoňka Josef: Tekutinové mechanismy. SNTL Praha (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Written exam covering all lectures. Possible oral exam.

Language of instruction

Czech, English

Work placements

Not applicable.

Aims

Knowledge of the fluid flow and its interaction with rigid body applied to the design of hydraulic elements and mechanisms.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Form of seminars, consultations.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme D-APM-K Doctoral, 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, recommended

  • Programme D4P-P Doctoral

    branch D-APM , 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, recommended

  • Programme D-KPI-P Doctoral, 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, recommended
  • Programme D-ENE-P Doctoral, 1. year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, recommended

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

20 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Concept of macroscopic element. Equation of motion of the macroscopic element.
2. Conservation of mass. Eulerian and Lagrangien view of the motion.
3. Bernoulli equation, dissipation function, cavitation, useful work done by viscous forces. Principle of disc pump.
4. Bernoulli equation in rotating channel. Principle of centrifugal pump.
5. Force acting on a desk in rest and rigid element circumflowed by fluid. Application to jets.
6. Principle of Pelton turbine.
7. Compressibility of liquid, conservation of mass applied to jet pump.
8. Wave equation, water hammer, application to hydraulic ram and to steady flow rate measurement.
9. Sound wave spreading in fluids.
10. Eigen and self excited oscillations in the rigid or elastic tubes.