Course detail

Driving Mechanisms

FSI-QHLAcad. year: 2020/2021

Objective of the Drive Mechanisms course is to acquaint students with basic concepts and layout of propulsion systems of passenger and utility vehicles with conventional as well as hybrid and electric drives. Mechanisms of combustion engines. Kinematics and dynamics of the drive mechanisms. Internal and external forces of combustion engines. Engine torque, harmonic analysis. Forces affecting the bearings of a piston machine. Balancing of inertia forces and of line engine torque, use of balancing shafts. Dynamics of V-engines and engines with unconventional power train arrangement. Irregularity of combustion engine running, design of flywheel. Cam mechanisms. Hybrid and electric drive of vehicles.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The subject Driving Mechanisms enables students to learn of vehicle driving mechanisms arrangement and computational models for determination the course of internal and external forces and torque, optimal driving mechanism configuration design of in-line, V- and non-conventional arrangement engines together with engine revolution non-uniformity analysis and vibration of powertrains.


Matrix calculus, differential and integral calculus, differential equations. Technical mechanics, kinematics, dynamics, elasticity and strength. Fourier analysis.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

DAVITASSHVILI, Nodar a Valeh BAKHSHALIEV. Dynamics of Crank-Piston Mechanisms. Springer, 2016. ISBN 981100322X. (EN)
Internal combustion engine handbook: basics, components, systems, and perspectives, second edition. Warrendale, PA: SAE International, 2016. ISBN 9780768080247. (EN)
HEISLER, Heinz. Advanced engine technology. Warrendale, PA: SAE International, c1995. ISBN 1560917342. (EN)
ADAMS, Maurice L. Bearings: basic concepts and design applications. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2017. ISBN 9781138049086. (EN)
NORTON, Robert L. Cam design and manufacturing handbook. New York: Industrial Press, c2002. ISBN 0-8311-3122-5.
ZIMA, Stefan. Kurbeltriebe: Konstruktion, Berechnung und Erprobung von den Anfängen bis heute. 2. vyd. Wiesbaden: Vieweg, 1999. ISBN 3-528-13115-2. (DE)
HAYES, John G. a Gordon A. GOODARZI. Electric powertrain: energy systems, power electronics & drives for hybrid, electric & fuel cell vehicles. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley, 2018. ISBN 978-1-119-06364-3. (EN)
FUCHS, Anton: Automotive NVH technology. New York, NY: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015. ISBN 978-3-319-24053-4. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Requirements for Course-unit credit award:
The orientation within problems discussed and the ability of solving them, examined by working-out assigned tasks without significant mistakes. Continuous study checking is carried out together with given tasks verification.
The exam verifies and evaluates the knowledge of physical fundamentals of presented problems, theirs mathematical description on a presented level and application to solved tasks. The exam consists of a written part (test) and if necessary an oral part.

Final evaluation consists of:
1. Evaluation of the work on seminars (elaborated tasks).
2. Result of the writing part of the exam (test).
3. The result of the oral exam if necessary.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


Learning outcomes of the course Driving Mechanisms is to acquaint students with current concepts of propulsion systems with combustion engines as well as with hybrid and electric drives and computational models for determining dynamic force and torque effects in this systems. These computational models are the primary tool for choosing the optimal driveline design and construction of modern passenger and commercial vehicles.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance in seminars is obligatory, checked by a teacher. The way compensation of absence is solved individually with a course provider.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-ADI-P Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Mechanisms of internal combustion engines and their computational models. Kinematics of centric crank mechanism.
2. Kinematics of eccentric crank mechanism, mechanisms with connecting rod.
3. Dynamics of crank mechanism, computational models, internal and external forces.
4. Torque of internal combustion engine, harmonic components, uneven running, flywheel.
5. Balancing inertia forces and moments in crank mechanism, balancing units.
6. Crankshaft dynamics with small number of cylinders.
7. Dynamics of crank mechanism of row piston machines.
8. Dynamics of crank mechanism of fork engines.
9. Unconventional arrangement of drivetrain, V-motors with offset connecting rod pins and VR-motors.
10. Cam mechanisms of internal combustion engines, kinematics and dynamics of cam mechanisms.
11. Dynamics of powertrain with internal combustion engines, dual-mass flywheel.
12. Dynamics of hybrid drives, active vibration damping.
13. Power train of vehicles with electric drives.

Computer-assisted exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


01. Efffective engineering computational tools, computational technology.
02. Computational tools in the branch, computational Matlab software.
03. Matlab utilization, data file handling, data visualization.
04. Centric crank mechanism, waveforms of kinematic quantities.
05. Kinematic quantities of eccentric crank mechanism.
06. Engine p-alfa diagram, p-V diagram, engine torque.
07. Forces on piston pin, the forces course transferred by connecting rod.
08. The course of radial and tangential forces, torque of individual cylinder.
09. Numerical Fourier analysis of engine torque, harmonic orders.
10. Polar load diagrams of combustion engine bearings.
11. Torque courses on cranks of multi-cylinder in-line engines.
12. Course of kinematic quantities of engine cam mechanisms.
13. Dynamic model of a vehicle torsional drive system, its natural frequencies and modes of vibration.