Course detail

Aircraft Structure

FSI-OSZAcad. year: 2020/2021

Structure and strength of aircraft acquaints students with the basic conceptual arrangements of aircraft in relation to other fields, especially aerodynamics, flight mechanics and aircraft materials. Furthermore, the course focuses on the description of individual airframe components with emphasis on the basic principles of load determination, design and strength analysis. An integral part of this knowledge is the introduction to the theory of thin-walled structures and their calculation.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The course Aircraft Structure and Strength enables students to gain knowledge about aircraft design, load calculation and strength analysis. The student will learn to work with prescription requirements and on the basis of them design part.


Basic knowledge of general elasticity and strength. Basic knowledge of physics, kinematics and dynamics.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Čalkovský A., Pávek J.: Konstrukce a pevnost letadel I., Brno, 1986 (CS)
Niu, C. Y.: Airframe structural design, 2nd ed.,Conmilit press LTD., Hong-kong, 1988. (EN)
Píštěk A., Grégr O., Kahánek V., Böhm R.: Pevnost a životnost letadel, Brno, 1987 (CS)
Roskam, J.: Airplane design – Part V: Component weight estimation, Roskam aviation and engineering corporation, Ottawa, 1985. (EN)
Mertl, V.: Konstrukce a projektování letadel, Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Fakulta strojního inženýrství, Brno, 2000. (CS)
BRUHN, E.: Analysis and design of flight vehicle structures. Jacobs Pub, 1973. ISBN 0961523409. (EN)
SLAVÍK, S.: Stavba letadel. Praha: Vydavatelství ČVUT, 1997. (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught in the form of lectures that have the character of explanation of basic principles and theory of the given discipline. The exercise is focused on practical mastery of the subject matter covered in the lectures. Teaching is complemented by laboratory exercises.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The course-unit credit requirements 90% attendance at seminars. It is also necessary to submit completed and elaborated computational exercises. The exam is written.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The aim of the course is to acquaint students with basic structural units and their requirements in terms of their function and strength.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

90% participation in exercises, elaborating a protocol, presentation of all tasks from exercises.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-LKT-P Master's

    specialization STL , 1. year of study, winter semester, 7 credits, compulsory
    specialization TLT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 7 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



65 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Requirements for aircrafts.
2. Aircraft loading. Maneuvers, gusts, ground loads. Multiple.
3. Airworthiness requirements. Definitions and terms. Envelopes. Load cases
4. Wing structure, external shapes, load. Wing mechanization. Flaps, slots, spoilers, brakes. Constructional solutions.
5. One, two or more beam structures, strength calculation
6. Single and multi-cavity construction under general load.
7. Loads of joints and hinges
8. Horizontal and vertical tail surfaces. Structural design and loading
9. Hull. Purpose, requirements and hull design. Pressurized cabins. Lattice structures.
10. Management. Management systems. Design of control elements.
11. Power unit, engine location, engine bed.
12. Landing gear. Requirements, classification and arrangement. Load and chassis design.

Laboratory exercise

2 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Participation at aircraft structure test.


24 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Calculation of bars, Castiglian theorem.
2. Gust and maneuver envelopes.
3. Wing loading.
4. Tail loading
5. Calculation of beams
6. Single cavity beam structure.
7. Two-chamber beam construction.
8. Engine bed strength calculations
9. Loading of hinges and joints
10. Rivet and glued joints
11. Landing load loads