Course detail

Experimental Methods II

FSI-IEEAcad. year: 2020/2021

The course deals with special experimental methods in environmental engineering, optical visualization and measurement methods. These methods are used in flow visualization, visualization of temperature fields, heat transfer and in the dynamics of fluids and solids.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students acquire theoretical knowledge and learn to work with optical experimental equipment and with computer systems for records evaluation.


Knowledge of physical laws from thermodynamics, heat transfer, mechanics of fluids and optics.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Hauf,W. - Grigull,U.: Optical methods in heat transfer. In: Advances in heat transfer. Academic Press, London 1970.
PAVELEK, M., JANOTKOVÁ, E., ŠTĚTINA, J. Vizualizační a optické měřicí metody. 2. vydání. Brno, Květen 2007. Dostupné z: .
Pavelek, M. - Štětina, J.: Experimentální metody v technice prostředí. Skripta. VUT Brno 2007.
Adrian, R. J., & Westerweel, J. (2011). Particle image velocimetry (No. 30). Cambridge University Press. (EN)
SMITS, A. J. a LIM, T. T. Flow Visualization: Techniques and examples. London: Imperial College Press, 2003. ISBN 1-86094-193-1. (EN)
Kopecký Václav, Laserová anemometrie v mechanice tekutin / Brno : Tribun EU, 2008 (CS)
Settles, G. S.: Schlieren and Shadowgraph Techniques. Springer-Verlag Berlin 2001.
Tropea, C., Yarin, A.L., Foss, J.F., 2007. Springer Handbook of Experimental Fluid Mechanics. Springer, Berlin. (EN)
“Laser Doppler Anemometry”, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, [Online], (EN)
Albrecht, H.-E., 2003. Laser Doppler and Phase Doppler Measurement Techniques. Springer, Berlin, New York. (EN)
LDA [online]. 5.2.2011 [cit. 2011-04-03]. VUT Fakulta stavební – Ústav vodních staveb. Dostupné z: < > (CS)
M. Samimy (Author), K. S. Breuer (Author), L. G. Leal (Author), P. H. Steen (Author) A Gallery of Fluid Motion 1st Edition (EN)
Raffel, M., Willert, C. E., & Kompenhans, J. (1998). Particle image velocimetry: a practical guide. Springer. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Teaching is suplemented by practical laboratory work.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Course-unit credit requirements: attendance at exercises, handing in laboratory records. The evaluation consists of results from laboratories. The examination consists of written and oral parts.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


Students will be made familiar with experimental and optical measuring methods in environmental engineering, heat transfer and mechanics of fluids.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The work in laboratories is checked by reports and by checking computer-based evaluation of records.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2I-P Master's

    branch M-TEP , 2. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Measurement of thermal state in indoor air and thermal comfort.
Research on ventilation by tracer gases and particles.
Visualization and optical methods. Holography.
Interferometry for diffusional objects.
Infrared measurements - Theory and praxis.
Shadow and schlieren methods (heat transfer, air jets).
Interferometry in fluid mechanics and heat transfer (panel radiators).
Record and image processing (temperature fields in heated rooms).
Evaluation of interference order from interferograms (jets from outlets).
Evaluation of refractive index from interferograms.
Calculation of density and temperatures from refractive index.
Similarity theory.

Laboratory exercise

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Precautions and working methods. Video records.
Humidity measurement. Radiation temperature measurement.
Measurement of air velocities. Thermal comfort measurement.
Air-conditioner measurement.
Measurements of 'T', 'w' in the vicinity of outlets.
Measurements of outlets by PIV.
Properties of light. Adjusting of optical elements and configurations.
Topography by moire method. Air jet visualization by shadow method.
Interferometric measurements of heat transfer from panel radiators.
Handling the software Interfer-Visual.
Evaluation of heat transfer from panel radiators (by PC).
Evaluation of trajectory of non-isothermal air jets from outlets (by PC).