Course detail

Teoretical elements of Composite Materials

FAST-DJB046Acad. year: 2020/2021

Development, distribution and types of composite materials and their characteristics.
Matrix and dispersed phase materials.
Composite action in the material structure. The influence of the structure on the properties of composites.
Variables defining properties of composites. Design of composites, choice of components and production problems.
Particle Composites I to III. type.
Fiber composites, fiber types (long and short fibers, carbon, metal, glass, basalt and polymer, whiskers) and matrix types.
Composite materials with cement matrix and fiber reinforcement, glass fiber reinforced concrete, fiber cement composites, fiber reinforced concrete with steel fibers. Slenderness ratio. Critical fiber length.
Composite materials with polymeric matrix and fiber reinforcement (FRP). Pultrussion process. New materials for reinforcing structures, lamellas, reinforcement fabrics. Composites reinforced with strips. Laminates. Hybrid composites.
Unidirectional composites - Relative representation of phases (volume and mass representation of components, basic computational relations). Longitudinal strength and stiffness, working diagram during tensile stress (graphs, basic calculation relationships). Thermal expansion, transport properties, transmission coefficient (graphs, basic computational relations). Module of elasticity and strength of short-fiber composites.


Institute of Technology of Building Materials and Components (THD)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Not applicable.


Knowledge of physics and chemistry. Knowledge of building materials, knowledge of building materials physics, mechanics, concrete technology, plastics.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Types of composite materials and their characteristics, development of composite materials.
2. Definition of composite effect, variables defining the composite properties, their structural classification.
3. Design of composites.
4. Particles composites of I. till III.type; specific characteristics.
5. Fibre composites, fibres, matrices.
6. Composite materials with cement matrix and fibrous reinforcement.
7. Glass-fibre-concrete, fibre-concrete with polymer fibres, design, application.
8. Fibre-concrete with steel fibres, design, application.
9. Composite materials with polymer matrix and fibrous reinforcement.
10. Technology composite materials manufacture, with polymer matrix and fibre reinforcement.
11. New materials for strengthening of structures, lamellas, reinforcing fabrics.
12. Composites reinforced by bands. Laminates. Hybrid composites.
13. Unidirectional composites, abundances of fibres. Mechanics of unidirectional composites.Longitudinal strength and stiffness, stress strain diagram during tensile load (graphs, basic calculation formulae, Behaviour in the case of failure. Thermal dilatation and transport properties. Elasticity modulus and strength of short-fibre composites.


Obtaining elemental teoretical knowledge in composites materials. Introduction to new composite materials used in the building industry. Understanding of composite effects of materials and of possibilities which offers the composite material. Introduction to principles of composites design and utilization. The student can on the base of obtained results make the optimal choice of the composite material for actual application and he is able to define the demanded properties of composite material and conditions for its use. He is able to predict the properties of designed composite material.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme DKC-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, 8 credits, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DPA-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, 8 credits, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DKA-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, 8 credits, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DPC-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, 8 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer