Ecology in the Building Industry
FAST-MJ001Acad. year: 2020/2021
Ecosystem, biosphere, lithosphere, pedosphere, hydrosphere, biochemical cycle.
Atmosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere pollution combustion gases, waste water. Toxicology, determination of toxicity, survey of toxic substances and their possible sources. Biological needs of humans, environmental comfort, physical effects, harmlessness of building materials, radon and its sources.
Classification of technologies from the point of view of waste formation, classification of wastes, composition of wastes, radioactivity. Recycling, stabilization and solidification possibilities of wastes. Laws and decrees concerning the environment and handling of wastes, introduction of EU regulations. Storing of wastes, technological parts of deposit areas, types of storage sites, rehabilitation. Thermal treatment of wastes, municipal refuses incinerating plant, incinerating plants for other and toxic wastes, securing the protection of environment during incineration. Other methods of thermal treatment.
Wastes utilized in the building industry, their classification and characteristics of individual groups.
Energetic wastes, chemical and phase composition, pozzuolanic activity, possibility of wastes utilization in the building industry. Wastes from metallurgical production, chemical and phase composition, reactivity, possibility of these wastes utilization in the building industry. Wastes from building industry and the possibility of their utilization.
Waste water, purification, sludge and its destruction. Economical aspects of wastes managing, utilization of wastes as secondary raw materials, penalties for environment pollution.
Institute of Technology of Building Materials and Components (THD)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student would manage the goal of the subject by acquiring knowledge on basic principles connected with ecology about related legal regulations, methods of waste processing produced in civil engineering and other industrial branches in civil engineering, on waste composition, on waste toxicity, on thermal waste processing and on basic principles of waste storage.
Physics, theoretical fundamentals of the structure of building materials and the chemistry of building materials in extent of the subject matter at the Faculty of Civil Engineering.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Language of instruction
1.Ecosystem, biosphere, lithosphere, pedosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, biochemical cycle.
2.Atmosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere pollution, combustion gases, waste waters.
3.Biological needs of humans, environmental comfort, chemical and physical effects. Radioactivity, radon and its sources in secondary raw materials.
4.Toxicology, determination of toxicity, survey of toxic substances and the possible sources of them. Laws and decrees concerning the environment and handling with wastes, EU regulations.
5.Classification of technologies from the point of view of waste formation, classification of wastes, composition and radioactivity of wastes. Handling of waste – accumulation, haulage, sorting and recycling of waste.
6.Methods of treatment of wastes – physical, physico-chemical and chemical.
7.Thermal treatment of wastes, municipal refuses incinerating plants, incinerating plants for other and toxic refuses, other methods of thermal treatment.
8.Storing of wastes, technological parts of storing areas, types of storage sites, rehabilitation.
9.Wastes utilized in the building industry, their classification and characteristics of individual groups. Wastes from building production and possibilities of their recycling.
10.Wastes from power producing industry, chemical and phase composition, reactivity, pozzuolana activity, possibilities of utilization in building industry. Wastes from metallurgical industry, chemical and phase composition, reactivity, possibility of utilization in building industry.
The aim of the subject is to introduce the students into basic principles concerning the field of economics. In connection with production and processing of wastes in building industry the students will get overlook of adequate legislative regulations, processing methods for wastes produced by building industry and other industrial branches in building industry, about composition of wastes, their toxicity, thermal processing of wastes and basic principles of wastes storing.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.