Cultural Values in Towns in History and the Present
FAST-TG52Acad. year: 2020/2021
During their studies, students will be acquainted with the process of town creation and history, the alterations to its structures in the individual stages of its development and the analysis which needs to be carried out for the perception and evaluation of cultural values. Similarly, present cultural values need to be analysed and unsuitable changes to valuable historical as well as contemporary structures need to be eliminated. The tools for the protection of the historical cultural heritage and historical structures need to be suitably used and set up in such a way that they don’t become obstacles in the region. Knowledge of the application of area protection of monuments, contemporary problems of reconstructions of existing structures and the principles by which an architect may exercise creativity in a historically valuable environment will be part of the taught content at the end of the semester.
During the teaching cycle, students will be acquainted with the creation and development of urban areas on our territory, the development of and changes to urban structures in the individual style periods up to the present. The subject of the tuition will also be the area protection of central parts and historically valuable structures, as is applied at present in the Czech Republic and in connection with international documents and agreements. The seminar tuition will be an application of the theoretical part of the tuition. It will be focused on the functional and spatial analysis of town structures and the setting of values which are important for the conception of the restoration and development of a region.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Spatial orientation among current historical as well as contemporary structures, the knowledge needed for an architect to create within a historically determined environment in the following scope:
- analysis and evaluation of development and public areas;
- fundamentals of the application of area protection of historical structures and environments;
- application of principles into ÚAP (the foundations of physical analysis), ÚP (physical planning) and PD (project documentation)
- creation of regulations and rules for new creations in historical structures.
Basic theoretical and practical knowledge of urban planning, physical planning and monument conservation. Knowledge of the valid legislation for physical planning and monument conservation in the Czech Republic.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Hoffmann F.: České město ve středověku. Panorama Praha, 1992. (CS)
Sitte C.: Stavba měst podle uměleckých zásad. ABF+ ART Praha, 1995. (CS)
HALÍK, P., KRATOCHVÍL, P., NOVÝ, O.: Architektura a město. Praha, AV ČR, 1996. (CS)
HORSKÁ, P, MAUR, E., MUSIL, J.: Zrod velkoměsta. PASEKA, 2002. (CS)
KUČA. K,, KUČOVÁ. V,: Principy památkového urbanismu. Praha, SÚPP, 2002. (CS)
KUČA, K., KUČOVÁ, V., KIBIC, K.: Novostavby v památkově chráněných sídlech. Praha, NPÚ, 2004. (CS)
LYNCH, K.,: Obraz města, The Image of the City. Praha, BOVA POLYGON, 2004. (CS)
Gehl J.: Život mezi budovami(Užívání veřejných prostranství). Nadace Partnerství, 2000. (CS)
Hrůza J.: Charty moderního urbanismu. Agora Praha, 2002. (CS)
Hodrová D.: Citlivé město (eseje z myopoetiky). Akropolis Praha, 2006. (CS)
Maier K., Čtyřoký J., Vorel J.: Územní plánování a udržitelný rozvoj. ABF Praha, 2008. (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Language of instruction
1. Initial stages of the urbanization of Europe and the foundations of urban settlements on our territory.
2. Foundation and creation of town structures, medieval urban planning, a town-dweller’s house and its development.
3. Urban and architectural heritage of a medieval town, spatial structure, building typology, sacral constructions, walls and fortifications, silhouette and image of a town.
4. The renaissance form of towns in European conditions and on our territory.
5. Baroque changes to a town, changes to the town structure and urban conception, composition and re-creation of architectural expression.
6. Fundamental changes to towns and their development in the 19th century.
7. The town and its image in the 20th century and at present.
8. Excursion with a presentation of the stages in the development of Brno and the present expression of the central zone, urban areas and the quality of the urban environment.
9. Importance of the industrial heritage for a town, urban brownfield areas and other problematic areas for towns.
10. Analysis of cultural values within the area of a town, historical urban reserves, historical urban zones, compositional and spatial relationships determining interventions into existing town structures.
11. Protection of historical towns in the Czech Republic, ICOMOS international documents, organization and cooperation in the European region.
12. Physical planning in relation to the specifics of protected areas for monuments, the fundamentals of the area protection of monuments.
13. The present problems of sustainable urban development from the point of view of protection and care for cultural values, the future of the historical cultural heritage of Czech towns.
The aim of the subject is to gain information enabling good orientation in the historical as well as modern structure of a town, to provide information about the carrying out of analyses and evaluation of development from the aspect of its historical and artistic value, to study and combine the view of an architect – urban planner with the main principles of area protection of territory and monuments.
The result is the application of the principles of the protection of historical structures and environment to the tools of physical planning.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.