Hydraulics and Hydrology
FAST-BR51Acad. year: 2020/2021
Basics of fluid statics – properties of fluids, pressure in a fluid at rest, hydrostatic forces on plain and curved surface, floatation
Basics of hydrodynamics, water flow in pressure pipeline systems.
Flow in systems with a free surface, in open channels and flow over hydraulic structures.
New finding in hydraulics of water structures.
Basics of groundwater flow, wells, collection galleries.
Basics in hydrology, water balance, precipitation, evaporation, surface runoff from watershed and its analysis, maximum and minimum discharges, M-day and N-year discharges.
Students will take the course partly in computational and laboratory exercises.
Institute of Water Structures (VST-VST)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students complete goal of this course which include getting up principles of hydraulics and hydrology.
Basic knowledge of mathematics, physics, mechanics and statics.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
MUNSON, Bruce R. et al.: Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics. John Wiley&Sons, New York, USA, 1998. ISBN-10: 1118116135. (EN)
JANDORA, Jan, STARA, Vlastimil, STARÝ, Miloš: Hydraulika a hydrologie. Akademické nakladatelství CERM, s.r.o. Brno, 2002. ISBN 978-80-7204-739-0. (CS)
JANDORA, Jan: Hydraulika a hydrologie. Studijní opora. FAST VUT v Brně, 2005. (CS)
BOOR, Boris, KUNŠTÁTSKÝ, Jiří, PATOČKA, Cyril: Hydraulika pro vodohospodářské stavby. SNTL/ALFA, 1968. (CS)
KOLÁŘ, Václav, PATOČKA, Cyril, BÉM, Jiří: Hydraulika. SNTL/ALFA, 1983. (CS)
WIDDEN, Martin: Fluid Mechanics. MACMILLAN PRES LTD, 1996. ISBN-10: 0333517997. (EN)
JANDORA, Jan, Uhmannová, Hana: Základy hydrauliky a hydrologie. Příklady. CERM, s.r.o. Brno, 1999. ISBN 80-214-1160-0. (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Language of instruction
1 to 2 Hydraulics, fluid properties, hydrostatic, pressure forces on plane and curved surfaces, floatation.
3rd Hydrodynamics, continuity and momentum equation, Bernoulli equation, application of impulse theorem.
4 to 5 Water flow in pressure pipeline systems, laminar and turbulent flow. Calculation of hydraulic long and short pipes and combined pipes. Inverted siphon, sucker, pump design.
6 to 7 Steady uniform flow with free surface in open channels. Energetic head of profile. Critical flow. Supercritical and subcritical flow.
8th Overflow of water on overfalls. Orifice discharge and overfalls with reservoirs.
9th Hydraulic jump with bottom regime. Connection of water surface of two pools, design of rectangle stilling basin.
10th Hydraulic computation of typical communication objects, bridges and culverts.
11th Basics of groundwater flow (Darcy’s formula, filtration velocity, filtration coefficient, Dupuit theorem, groundwater flow in surrounding of a well)
12th Hydrology: occurrence of water and water cycle, hydrological balance, definition and characteristics of watershed, precipitation, evaporation, measurement of hydrological variables.
13th Surface runoff from watershed and its determination. Flow regimes in open channels. Maximum and minimum discharges, m-day and N-year discharges, winter regime, influence on runoff regime, influence of reservoirs on regulation of outflow from watershed, etc.
By attending the course students will get basic information on behaviour of fluids, phenomenons generated in water flow in pressure system and open channels. The students will also learn the information on water cycle in nature and measuring of related qualitative and quantitative parameters.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.