Geographical Information Systems
FAST-HE15Acad. year: 2020/2021
Geographical information system (GIS),its objective, function and structure. relation between GISand CAD. geographic object, information and database systems, modern methods of works with data (genetic algorithm. neural networks). Variou forms of data, their relations (homeomorfismus). Basic characteristics of geographical data, topology in GIS. Digital terrain model , organization of DTM data in GIS. Standatds,"openGIS", analysis of data. Principles of GIS design. ZABAGD, DMÚ 25, main GIS.
Institute of Geodesy (GED)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Basis knowledge needed for GIS design.
Ability to create a GIS project in Geomedia Intergraph and Arc/Info Systems.
computer skills, basic databases, statistics, applied mathematics
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Tuček, Ján: Geografické informační systémy. Principy a praxe.. Computer Press, 1998. (CS)
Albrecht, Joachim: Key Concepts & Techniques in GIS. SAGE publications, 2007. (EN)
Rana, Sanjay: Topological Data Structures for Surfaces. John Viley & Sons Ltd., 2004. (EN)
Wang, Fahui: Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS.. Taylor & Francis Group., 2006. (EN)
Charvát, K. - Kocáb, M. - Konečný, M. - Kubíček, P.: Geografická data v informační společnosti. VÚGTK Zdiby, 2007. (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Language of instruction
1. Introduction, definition of GIS, development, relations, geographical object, homeomorphism.
2. Information systems: types, design methods
3. Overview of database systems. relational algebra, SQL, spatial indexes and queries, data mining (cluster analysis, artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms)
4. Basic of graph theory, selected tasks on graph structures
5. Topology (mathematics, pragmatic - DIGEST standard)
6. Data models in GIS (raster, vector, matrix data)
7. Digital model of Terrain (raster, vector, TIN)
8. Data capture, metadata, data quolity and accuracy - standards
9. Map algebra: model, operators, functions, tasks
10. Spatial analysis: history, objective, types (measured and classify functions, overlay, focal functions, join functions)
11. Current trends and developments of GIS
Understanding of information systems and databases with connection to spatial identification.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.