FIT-OPDAcad. year: 2020/2021
Electromagnetic waves and light. Fresnel's equations. Reflection at dielectric surfaces. Coherence, thin film interference. Diffraction by 2D and 3D structures. Holography. Thermal radiation. Energy and light quantities. Image-forming systems. Analytical ray tracing, matrix concept. Photon. Stimulated and spontaneous emission. Lasers. Luminiscence, phosphors, fluorescence, phosphorescence. Scattering of light, Rayleygh's scattering.
Questionnaires for SDE:
1. Wave equation. Wave functions. Superposition principle. Complex amplitude.
2. Interference of light waves.
3. Thermal radiation of bodies and radiation generated by lasers.
4. Wave passage through optical elements, thin plate of variable thickness.
5. Diffraction on edges, slits, grids, two-dimensional and three-dimensional structures. Holography.
6. Fourier transform of aperture function. Diffraction on 2D slit.
7. Circular slit and resolution of optical devices and human eye.
8. Matrix paraxial optics. Transmission matrices of optical elements.
9. Passage of the Gaussian beam through optical elements. ABCD law.
10. Light at the interface of two media, Fresnel's equations. Reflection at dielectric surfaces, linear and elliptical polarization.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students will learn theory of physical optics needed for computer graphics and general overview of other parts of optics.
Basic knowledge of physics.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Hruška P.: Lecture 2012 notes
Hecht E.: Optics, Addison-Wesley, London 2002, ISBN 0-321-18878-0
Goodman J. W.: Introduction to Fourier Optics, Roberts publishers, USA 2005, ISBN 0-9747077-2-4
Malý, P.: Optika (2ed), Karolinum, 2013, ISBN 978-80-246-2246-0
Saleh B. E. A., Teich M. C,: Fundamentals of Photonics, 3rd ed., Wiley Series in Pure and Applied Optics, New York 2019, ISBN 978-1-119-50687-4
Smith F. G., King. T. A.:Optics and Photonics, Wiley, Chichester UK 2000, ISBN 0-471-48925-5
Schroeder G.: Technická optika, SNTL, Praha, ČR, 1981
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
- Project - up to 30 points.
- Written exam - up to 70 points.
- The total number of points achieved to pass the course must be at least 50 points.
Language of instruction
The goal of the course is to get the students acquainted with principles of physical optics needed for computer graphics and with aspects of modern optics.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Attendance in seminars is not compulsory.
The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.
Type of course unit
39 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
- Electromagnetic waves and light.
- Light at the interface of two media, Fresnel's equations. Reflection at dielectric surfaces, linear and elliptical polarization. Polarizers.
- Koherence. Interference from thin films. Interference filters. The Fabry-Perot interferometer.
- Diffraction by edges, slits, gratings and 2D and 3D structures. Holography.
- Thermal radiation. Energy and light quantities. Receptors, human eye. Spectral sensitivity of receptors. Filters and color dividers.
- Elements of image-forming systems. Mirrors, prisms, lenses. The microscope, the telescope. The Fermat principle.
- Analytical ray tracing. Matrix concept. Aperture and field stops. Magnification, resolving power.
- Physical statistics. Photon. Stimulated and spontaneous emission. Inversion population. Lasers.
- The essentials of luminiscence, phosphors, fluorescence, phosphorescence.
- Scattering of light. Rayleigh's scattering.
Guided consultation in combined form of studies
26 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
13 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
Individually assigned projects. Project defense is part of the exam. Semestral project focuses on a selected part of the course and explains it. The undestranding of the topic, the level of programmed visualiation and its aptness are evaluated.