Course detail

Optics

FIT-OPDAcad. year: 2020/2021

Electromagnetic waves and light. Fresnel's equations. Reflection at dielectric surfaces. Coherence, thin film interference. Diffraction by 2D and 3D structures. Holography. Thermal radiation. Energy and light quantities. Image-forming systems. Analytical ray tracing, matrix concept. Photon. Stimulated and spontaneous emission. Lasers. Luminiscence, phosphors, fluorescence, phosphorescence. Scattering of light, Rayleygh's scattering.

Questionnaires for SDE:
1. Wave equation. Wave functions. Superposition principle. Complex amplitude.
 2. Interference of light waves.
3. Thermal radiation of bodies and radiation generated by lasers.
4. Wave passage through optical elements, thin plate of variable thickness.
5. Diffraction on edges, slits, grids, two-dimensional and three-dimensional structures. Holography.
6. Fourier transform of aperture function. Diffraction on 2D slit.
7. Circular slit and resolution of optical devices and human eye.
8. Matrix paraxial optics. Transmission matrices of optical elements.
9. Passage of the Gaussian beam through optical elements. ABCD law.
10. Light at the interface of two media, Fresnel's equations. Reflection at dielectric surfaces, linear and elliptical polarization.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will learn theory of physical optics needed for computer graphics and general overview of other parts of optics.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of physics.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Hruška P.: Poznámky z přednášky 2012 (EN)
Hruška P.: Lecture 2012 notes
Hecht E.: Optics, Addison-Wesley, London 2002, ISBN 0-321-18878-0 (EN)
Goodman J. W.: Introduction to Fourier Optics, Roberts publishers, USA 2005, ISBN 0-9747077-2-4 (EN)
Malý, P.: Optika (2ed), Karolinum, 2013, ISBN 978-80-246-2246-0 (EN)
Saleh B. E. A., Teich M. C,: Fundamentals of Photonics, 3rd ed., Wiley Series in Pure and Applied Optics, New York 2019, ISBN 978-1-119-50687-4 (EN)
Smith F. G., King. T. A.:Optics and Photonics, Wiley, Chichester UK 2000, ISBN 0-471-48925-5 (EN)
Schroeder G.: Technická optika, SNTL, Praha, ČR, 1981 (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

  • Project
    - up to 30 points.
  • Written exam - up to 70 points.
  • The total number of
    points achieved to pass the course must be at least 50 points.

Language of instruction

Czech, English

Work placements

Not applicable.

Aims

The goal of the course is to get the students acquainted with principles of physical optics needed for computer graphics and with aspects of modern optics.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance in seminars is not compulsory.
The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme VTI-DR-4 Doctoral

    branch DVI4 , any year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, elective

  • Programme VTI-DR-4 Doctoral

    branch DVI4 , any year of study, winter semester, 0 credits, elective

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus


  • Electromagnetic waves and light.
  • Light at the interface of two media, Fresnel's equations. Reflection at dielectric surfaces, linear and elliptical polarization. Polarizers.
  • Koherence. Interference from thin films. Interference filters. The Fabry-Perot interferometer.
  • Diffraction by edges, slits, gratings and 2D and 3D structures. Holography.
  • Thermal radiation. Energy and light quantities. Receptors, human eye. Spectral sensitivity of receptors. Filters and color dividers.
  • Elements of image-forming systems. Mirrors, prisms, lenses. The microscope, the telescope. The Fermat principle.
  • Analytical ray tracing. Matrix concept. Aperture and field stops. Magnification, resolving power.
  • Physical statistics. Photon. Stimulated and spontaneous emission. Inversion population. Lasers.
  • The essentials of luminiscence, phosphors, fluorescence, phosphorescence.
  • Scattering of light. Rayleigh's scattering.

Guided consultation in combined form of studies

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Project

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

Individually
assigned projects. Project defense is part of the exam. Semestral
project focuses on a selected part of the course and explains it. The
undestranding of the topic, the level of programmed visualiation and its
aptness are evaluated.