Principles of Programming Languages
FIT-IPPAcad. year: 2020/2021
The course offers a basic classification of programming languages with a more detailed explanation of imperative and declarative languages. Explaining imperative paradigm, it will be presented non-structured, structured (both block and modular), and object-oriented programming languages. Design patterns are presented as a programming technique. A brief introduction into functional and logic programming will be studied during the explanation of the declarative paradigm. The underlying theories are discussed too. Students will also be given an introduction to processing (translation) of presented programming paradigms/languages.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students will be able to classify programming languages. They will be able to use a given programming paradigm on a certain level too. Moreover, basic analysis and compilation issues will be clarified as well.
Usage of selected design patterns.
Formal languages and their models, grammars, automata; translation/analysis of formal languages. Focus on regular and context-free languages and their models, grammars, automata and processing.
- recommended prerequisite
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Lecture notes in PDF file (EN)
Lecture notes in PDF file
Kolář, D.: Principy programovacích jazyků a objektově orientovaného programování - I, studijní opora pro kombinované studium, modul IPP I, VUT FIT, 2006
Křivka, Z., Kolář, D.: Principy programovacích jazyků a objektově orientovaného programování - II, studijní opora pro kombinované studium, modul IPP II, VUT FIT, 2008
Kolář, D.: Principy programovacích jazyků a objektově orientovaného programování - III, studijní opora pro kombinované studium, modul IPP III, VUT FIT, 2006
Sebesta R.W.: Concepts of Programming Languages, 4th edition, ADDISON-WESLEY, 1999, ISBN 0-201-38596-1
MacLennan, B.J.: Principles of Programming Languages: Design, Evaluation, and Implementation (3rd Edition). Oxford University Press, 1999
Lee, D.K.: Foundations of Programming Languages, Second Edition, Springer, 2017
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
- Mid-term exam, for which there is only one schedule and, thus, there is no possibility to have another trial - 20 points.
- One project should be solved and delivered in given deadlines during a term - 20 points.
At the end of a term, a student should have at least 50% of points that he or she could obtain during the term; that means at least 20 points out of 40.
Plagiarism and not allowed cooperation will cause that involved students are not classified and disciplinary action can be initiated.
Language of instruction
To give an overview: of existing programming paradigms, of the range of existing programming languages and their classification, and of requirements on programming language usage, analysis, and translation.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
- Mid-term exam - written form, a test, where answers are given in full sentences, no possibility to have a second/alternative trial. (20 points)
- Projects realization - 1 project (program(s) development according to a given specification) with appropriate documentation. (20 points)
- Final exam - written form, a test, where answers are given in full sentences, 2 another corrections trials possible. (60 points - the minimal number of points which can be obtained from the final exam is 25, otherwise, no points will be assigned to a student.)
Type of course unit
39 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
- Introduction, the definition of used terms
- Imperative languages, non-structured programming languages
- Block-structured programming languages
- Modular languages
- Object-oriented languages
- Some specialities of object-oriented programming languages
- Design patterns
- Declarative languages, lambda calculus
- Functional programming languages
- Logical programming languages
- Another declarative programming languages, their comparison
- Main differences in usage and implementation of declarative and imperative programming languages
- Conclusion, discussion of the follow-up courses
13 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
A simple program or programs/scripts implemented in the given programming language together with relevant documentation.