Diagnostics of the Bio- and Ecosystems
FEKT-LDBEAcad. year: 2020/2021
This course is focused on sensing principles of electrical signals generated by organism, sensing principles of the nonelectrical signals generated by organism, devices for operation rooms, devices for physiological research, devices for diagnostic laboratories (physical principles used for testing hearing, eye field of view, properties of muscles and for cardiovascular system).
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Student is able to:
- formulate technical requirements on diagnostic instruments for specific application,
- list examples of instrumentation used in basic and specialized medical applications,
- describe principles of selected diagnostic methods and instrumentations in cardiology, audiometry, ophthalmology and neurology.
- define and discuss source of errors,
- assess suitability of given medical instrument for specific application.
Students registering for the course should be able to explain the basic principles of analog and digital signal processing and function of the basic semiconductor units and amplifiers of the signal. Generally, the knowledge of the Bachelor's degree level is required.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
CHMELAŘ, M. Řešené příklady z předmětu diagnostika bio a ekosystémů. Brno: FEKT VUT v Brně, 2011. s. 1-107. ISBN: 978-80-214-4361- 7.
Kline I. et al.: Handbook of Biomedical Engineering, Academic Press, San Diego 19887
Chmelař, Milan. Lékařská laboratorní technika / 1. vyd. Brno : VUT, 2000. 119 s. ISBN 80-214-1770-6
Rozman, J. a kol. Elektronické přístroje v lékařství, Academia, 2006
Bronzino J.:The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, CRC Preess, Boca Raton 1995
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Techning methods include lectures and practical laboratories. Course is taking advantage of e-learning (Moodle) system. Students have to write three assignment during the course.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Laboratory exercises: 0 - 20 points
Final exam: 0 - 80 points
Final exam composes of test part, which is focused on basic knowledge and terminology. Second part verify deeper understanding of selected part from medical diagnosis instrumentation.
Language of instruction
Differential amplifier - properties and parameters.
Block design of electrocardiograph.
Electromyography and electroneurography, conduction studies.
Electroencephalography - active/pasive electrodes, polygraphy, polysomnography, subdural EEG.
Eye anatomy and properties of vision.
Perimetry, intra-ocular pressure, EOG, ERG, eye ultrasound biometry, fundus camera.
Subjective and objective audiometry, otoacoustic emmission, tympanometry.
Invasive blood pressure monitoring. TIP catheters.
Spectrophotometry and its applications.
The aim of the course is to introduce the students with selected diagnostics instrumentation in medicine, specialized research and diagnostic laboratories.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Labs are obligatory. The properly excused missed laboratory exercise is to be replaced after agreement with the teacher during last week of the semester.