Course detail

Fire Safety of Buildings

FAST-BH011Acad. year: 2019/2020

The conception of this subject enables a basic overview through the fire safety of industrial and non-industrial objects including specific designs of residential, medical and agricultural buildings and assembly halls and areas. The main requirements of the design of buildings with respect to the fire safety are: fire protective properties of building materials, determination of fire characteristics, methods of the fire risk determination considering the demands on building constructions, ways of improvement of fire protective characteristics of building materials and structures, solution and design of escape routes, determination of areas with fire risk, fire control equipment. This basic information abou fire protective requirements is fundamental for the building design process. The technical report of the fire safety design of buildings which is the part of the documentation could be completed. The acquired knowledge is aplicated during the completion of a project documentation in the subject Specialized project.

Department

Institute of Building Structures (PST)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Student must handle the aim of the course, which is to obtain elementary knowledge in the field of fire precautions on engineering construction, solving of escape waies and determination of arrangement for fire fighting.

Prerequisites

Knowledge of urban, architectonic-dispositional, material and constructional design of buildings, especially civil, housing and industrial. Theory of building constructions-load bearing construction systems, vertical and horizontal bearing constructions, external constructions, staircase, roofing of buildings(bearing constructions of roofs and roof covers), non-bearing constructions, openning fills, floors and surface finishes. Building materials-types of building materials, usage of materials in building constructions, specific material properties.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction

Czech, English

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Introduction, information about the subject. Development of fire protective requirements. Technical standards for fire protection of buildings. The basic terminology. Fire protection theory.
2. Methods of the design and assessment of fire protective arrangements in buildings. Fire risk determination according to the standard ČSN 73 0802. Average and concentrated fire load. Design value of fire load.
3. Fire compartments and areas without fire risk. Fire safety grade. Fire dividing constructions. Fire protective areas.
4. Demands on the fire resistance of building structures. Degree of fire protection characteristics of building constructions and materials (possibilities of improvement of fire resistance)
5. Escape routes – types, number, dimensions, technical solution. Auxiliary escape routes. Building habitation.
6. Fire protective distances. Assessment according to the intensity of thermal flux and possible impact of burning parts on the building.
7. Technical design. Fire control devices. Fire water supply. Fire protection of residential buildings. Building conversion.
8. Fire protective requirements for medical centers and assembly halls.
9. Fire resistance of industrial buildings and objects.
10. Fire risk according to the guideline ČSN 73 0804 - Simplified method.
11. Fire risk according to the guideline ČSN 73 0804 - Calculation method. Economic risk.
12. Escape routes and fire protective distances in industrial buildings and objects. Garages. Fire protection in warehouses and spaces for storage.
13. Lecture of the expert from the specialized firm.

Aims

Juridical regulations and fire protective requirements; main thesis of fire safety of a buildings. Demand of fire resistance on manufactural and non-manufactural buildings, including specific requirements for apartment houses, medical, agricultural and stock buildings, buildings designed for congress of people and for changes of buildings.
Ability of assembly of firesafe design of building-examination of a proposal and design of manufactural and non-manufactural buildings including: the procedure of assignment fire and economical risk;determination of needs of building structures;process of improving properties of constructions and materials; design of escape routes; determination of fire unsafe space; equipments for fire-fighting action.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-P-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch S , 4. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme B-P-E-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch S , 4. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme B-K-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch S , 4. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme N-P-C-MI Master's

    branch X , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

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