Course detail

Building Chemistry

FAST-BC001Acad. year: 2019/2020

Select chapters of basic and physical chemistry, chemical bonds, kinetics of chemical reactions, thermochemistry, phase balances, dispersion systems, dissociation, pH value, hydrolysis, and electrochemistry.
Natural and secondary raw materials for building industry. Chemistry of glass. Air and hydraulic binders, production, chemical properties, setting and hardening. Corrosion of hardened binders and aggregates in the composite materials.
Chemical properties of other building materials, their degradation and protection.
Chemical and electrochemical properties of metals, their corrosion and protection.
Chemical properties of water, waste water, water for concrete production and impact water. Atmosphere, and air pollution.
Selected chapters of organic chemistry. Chemical composition and properties of wood, bitumen, carbon polymers and silicones.

Department

Institute of Chemistry (CHE)

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Student gets the aim of subject under control, i. e. the selected chapters of general, physical, inorganic and organic chemistry that are in relation to the chemistry of building materials and to the chemistry of water.

Prerequisites

Atomic structure of the elements, periodic table, basic chemical laws, inorganic terminology, simple stoichiometric calculations, basic terms of organic chemistry, an overview of the hydrocarbons and their derivates, principals of organic compounds nomenclature

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction

Czech, English

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Composition of nucleous, isotopes, radioactivity.
2. Atomic structure, quantum numbers, Pauli Principle, Aufbau Principle, Hund’s rule, periodic trends in atomic properties, periodic table.
3. Atomic masses, the mole, molecular weight, chemical equations, stoichiometry, chemical bonds.
4. Chemical kinetics, reaction rates, activated complex, catalysis. Thermochemistry, Hess’s and Lavoasier’s laws. Phase equilibriums, gases, liquids, solids, and crystallography.
5. Dispersion orders - gels, suspensions, aerosols, emulsion, colloids, water solutions, and tezides.
6. The properties of chosen inorganic compounds of carbon, silicon.
7. Chemical composition and properties of natural and secondary raw materials. Production, composition and chemical properties of lime, gypsum plaster, Sorel binder.
8. Production, chemical properties and composition of hydraulic binders – Portland cement, hydraulic lime and high alumina cement. Chemistry and degradation of glass.
9. Corrosion of binders, protection against degradation processes.
10. Electrochemistry, galvanic cells, standard reduction potentials, electrolysis, metals and metal corrosion.
11. Chemistry of water and atmosphere.
12. Chemical composition of wood and deterioration of timber structures. Chemical properties of bitumen, chemical durability.
13. Composition of polymers based on the carbon chain, their chemical stability. Composition and properties of silicones, chemical durability.

Aims

The selected chapters of general and physical chemistry that are in relation to the chemistry of building materials.
Chemistry of inorganic and organic building materials, their chemical composition, processes of the formation of solid structure and the chemical corrosion processes.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-P-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch VS , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme B-K-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch VS , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme B-P-E-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch VS , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

seminars

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

eLearning