Course detail

Technology of Low Dimensional Structures

FSI-TNSAcad. year: 2019/2020

The crystal lattice, its structure and study. Bonds in solids. Lattice oscillations (thermal and optical properties of lattice). Electron theory of solid state: theory of free electrons, band model. Surfaces of solids.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The course facilitates a choice of a diploma project by a student, and make it possible to get basic knowledge on modern areas of physics.


Atomic Physics, Quantum Physics, Statistical Physics and Thermodynamics.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

KITTEL, C: Úvod do fyziky pevných látek
DEKKER, A. J.: Fyzika pevných látek
BLAKEMORE, J. S.: Solid State Physics 1997
W. A. Goddard, III, D. W. Brenner, S. E. Lyshevski, G. J. Iafrate (Ed.) Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering and Technology

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures. Teaching is suplemented by practical laboratory work.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The assessment of a student is made upon his performance in practice and quality of a discussion on topics selected at the examination (lecture notes allowed at preparation).

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The emphases will be put to qualitative analysis of physical phenomena, explanation of basic properties of solids using microscopic models and of physical principles of selected experimental methods common in research of materials.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The presence of students at practice is obligatory and is monitored by a tutor. The way how to compensate missed practice lessons will be decided by a tutor depending on the range and content of the missed lessons.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B3A-P Bachelor's

    branch B-FIN , 3. year of study, summer semester, 3 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Crystal structure and the ways of its study (0 - 5 lessons).
Bonds in solids (6 - 8).
Lattice oscillations (thermal and optical properties of lattice):
- oscillations of 1D-monoatomic chain (9 - 10),
- quantization of oscillations, phonon, heat capacity (11 - 12),
- oscillations of 1D chain with two atoms per basis, Debye model of heat capacity (13 - 15),
- anharmonic oscillations (16 - 17)
Electronic structure of solids:
- model of free electrons (19 - 20),
- energy band model (21 - 22),
- semiconductors, p-n junction (23 - 24)
- surfaces of solids (25 - 26).


7 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


The calculation of supportive theoretical examples and practical demonstrations and testing take place during the whole semester.

Computer-assisted exercise

3 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


See seminars.

labs and studios

3 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


See seminars.