Course detail

Biomechanics I

FSI-RBAAcad. year: 2019/2020

Biomechanics I is an introductory course for Biomechanics II, dealing with biomechanical problems in musculo-skeletal system, and for Biomechanics III, dealing with problems of cardio-vascular system. To manage these two biomechanics, students need basic knowledge on structure and function of cells, on histology, physiology and pathology of tissues in human organism. Biomechanics I comprehends system approach to bioengineering, medicine, structure and functions of cells and elements of tissues. It deals with histology and physiology of epithels, connective, fibrous and bone tissues and of cartilages, especially of joint cartilage, as well as with muscle and neural tissue in greater detail. It deals adequately with pathology of the above tissues, especially from the viewpoint of degradation processes. In the part devoted to biomaterial engineering, the course focuses on constitutive and strength properties of basic biomaterials (collagen, elastin), and on properties of austenitic steels, alloys, high-pressure-polyethylene, and ceramics, being used in implants. Systematic approach to modelling in biomechanics is presented. The course presents also basic information on self-organization and synergy in biological branches.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will acquire orientation in interdisciplinary branches of bioengineering in the following structure: from nature to technology, from technology to nature, branches comprehending fundamentals of engineering, as well as in human biomechanics structured from various viewpoints. They will acquire basic knowledge in anatomy, histology, physiology and pathology of karyotic cells, human tissues and in biomaterial engineering, that comprehends living materials as well as materials of implants.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge in biology at the level of secondary education and knowledge in solid mechanics, systematic methodology and continuum mechanics.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

VICECONTI, Marco. Multiscale modeling of the skeletal system. První vydání. Cambridge University Press, 2012. ISBN 0521769507 (EN)
ČIHÁK, Radomír. Anatomie. Třetí, upravené a doplněné vydání. Ilustroval Ivan HELEKAL, ilustroval Jan KACVINSKÝ, ilustroval Stanislav MACHÁČEK. Praha: Grada, 2016. ISBN 978-80-247-3817-8
KŘEN, Jiří, Josef ROSENBERG a Přemysl JANÍČEK. Biomechanika. Plzeň: Západočeská univerzita, 1997. ISBN 80-7082-365-8.
Valenta a kol.: Biomechanika. Academia Praha, 1985.
HOLIBKOVÁ, Alžběta a Stanislav LAICHMAN. Přehled anatomie člověka. 5. vyd. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, 2010. ISBN 978-80-244-2615-0.
PETERSON, D. R.; BRONZINO, J. D. Biomechanics: Principles and Applications. Taylor & Francis, 2007-09-25. 357 p. ISBN: 9780849385346. (EN)
WINKELSTEIN, Beth A. Orthopaedic Biomechanics.První vydání. CRC Press, 2012. ISBN 978-1439860939 (EN)
Odborné články z internetu

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Approximately one half of the lectures aming at fundamentals of medical sciences (anatomy, physiology and histology) is given by an external medical lecturer (Mgr. MUDr. Michaela Vojnová Řebíčková).

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Elaboration of a monothematic thesis on a given topic of basics of biomechanics, passing out of a test of basic knowledge

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Aims

The main objective of the course is to provide students with a systematic overview on bioengineering (from bionics up to genetic engineering), on structure of biomechanics (aimed at human biomechanics), biomaterial engineering and medical branches. The course focuses on methodology of solving basic biomechanical problems related to the musculo-skeletal and cardio-vascular systems, to dental and cellular biomechanics. It adresses also properties and behaviour of materials of living bodies and their implants and basic knowledge in anatomy, physiology, histology and pathology of human tissues and cells.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Participation in lectures is not obligatory.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2A-P Master's

    branch M-IMB , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory-optional
    branch M-MET , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Importance of bioengineering for development of cognitive processes. Structure of bioengineering branches – 1st group of branches (from nature to technology).
2. Structure of bioengineering branches – 2nd group of branches (from technology to nature), 3rd group of branches (to the fundamentals of engineering).
3. Definition and structure of biomechanics, aimed at human biomechanics.
4. Biomechanical objects, biomechanical problems, procedure of solutions to biomechanical problems.
5. Solution of biomechanical problems concerning musculo-skeletal, cardio-vascular and dental systems and biomechanics of cells.
6. Definition and structure of biomaterial engineering. Biomaterials for implants.
7. Comprehensively on properties of materials in human body. Fundamentals of bionics.
8. Introduction ot medicine. Structure and definition medical branches.
9. Eucaryotic cell – its structure (anatomy), functions (physiology) and pathology.
10. Cells of tissues and organs.
11. Structure of tissues – epithels, bone tissue, cartilage, muscle tissue.
12. Nervous tissue, fat tisssue, blood.
13. Degradation processes in human tissues

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