Course detail

Laboratory Classes in Instrumental and Structure Analysis - MS

FCH-MCA_ISA_MAcad. year: 2019/2020

Students are practically introduced with basic methods used for uncovering, observation and evaluation of supramolecular structure of polymer materials. The practices serves for introduction with selected methods and the last class is dedicated to students self-measurement and characterization of one type of thermoplastic polymer material coming from industry. The students choose two suitable methods because no one is absolute and set proper conditions for measurements. Selected are methods from microscopy, spectroscopy and thermal analysis. The stress is, above all, laid on the importance of proper preparation of a specimen, suitable setting of testing conditions and accurate evaluation and interpretation of the obtained data, but quality of written report, it means coherence and intelligibility, is classified too.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The ability of students to prepare specimens for imaging on POM and CLSM, for measurements on DSC and FTIR-ATR, and to interpret the observed morphology and the obtained data.


Macromolecular chemistry, Structure of materials, Physical chemistry of macromolecules, Polymeric materials


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Ehrenstein G. W., Riedel G., Trawiel P.: Thermal Analysis of Plastics: Theory and Practice. Hanser Gardner Publications, Cincinnati 2004. (CS)
LEDNICKÝ, František. Mikroskopie a morfologie polymerů : Díl 1. Mikroskopie polymerů a preparační techniky. 1. vyd. Liberec : Fastr typo-tisk, 2009. 71 s. ISBN 978-80-7372-486-3. (CS)
LEDNICKÝ, František. Mikroskopie a morfologie polymerů : Díl 2. Morfologie polymerů. 1. vyd. Liberec : Fastr typo-tisk, 2009. 97 s. ISBN 978-80-7372-486-3.3. (CS)
EHRENSTEIN, GW. Polymeric Materials : Structure – Properties – Applications. Munich : Carl Hanser Verlag, 2001. 279 p. ISBN 3-446-21461-5. (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course uses teaching methods in form of Laboratory exercise - 4 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The classified credit is awarded after:
- writing all particular introductory tests - it forms 10% of classification,
- passing all practices and handing particular report till 10th day after the practise - it forms 35% of classification,
- passing self-measurement and handing final report in correct format at the latest in the credit week - it forms 15% of classification,
- successful passing the credit test (minimum score is 60%) - it forms 40% of classification.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

Introduction: Methods of direct and indirect imaging/deduction of supramolecular structure of polymeric materialss together with reasons for selected methods for practices; format of report
2., 3.
Practice: Isothermal crystallization of selected thermoplastic materials using polarizing optical microscope and evaluation of sperulite morphology
Examination of a student knowledge at the beginning of practise: Written test on the topic of Polymer materials morphology and polarizing optical microscopy
Output: Report from measurement
4., 5.
Practice: Chemical etching of selected thermoplastic materials and observation of teh etched surfaces on confocal laser scanning microscope
Examination of a student knowledge at the beginning of practise: Written test on the topic Methods used for uncovering of supramolecular structure and confocal laser scanning microscopy
Output: Report from measurement
6., 7.
Practice: DSC of polymers targeted The structure change of polyethyleneterephtalate (PET) caused by different cooling rate of PET melt evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); identification of blank polymers from submitted calorimetric curves
Examination of a student knowledge at the beginning of practise: Written test on DSC of polymeric materials
Output: Report from measurement
8., 9.
Practice: Fourier transform Infrared spectroscopy in transmission mode (FTIR) and attenuated total reflectance mode (FTIR-ATR) of polymer materials and fillers, identification of one blank polymer material
Examination of a student knowledge at the beginning of practise: Written test on FTIR and FTIR-ATR
Output: Report from measurement
Practice: Rheology of selected polymer blends and comparison of different measurement conditions
Examination of a student knowledge at the beginning of practise: Written test on rheology of polymer blends
Output: Report from measurement
11., 12.
Practise: Self-measurement of one type of polymeric material coming from industry using two methods used in practises (no one is absolute) with the aim to identify polymer material of to evaluate difference between "good and bad" material
Output: Coherent and intelligible report from measurement in correct typographical format
13. Credit test


The aim is to observe and to deduce supramolecular structure of selected polymeric materisals from indirect methods and to demonstrate that final properties of polymer materials are done by supramolecular structure, which can be very easily changed, for example by heating and cooling rates of the melt. Very important part is identification of blank solid polymeric materials by selected method.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The attendance in all practices is demanded. In case of the absence, the practice can be compensated with another group or in the last week of the term. An unexcused absence is the reason for the loss of the credit.
Theoretical knowledge of students regarding the particular practice is examined by the written tests at the beginning of the practice (10-12 questions).
Laboratory report is demanded from each student after each class and handover according to the instructions of a teacher.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme NKCP_CHM Master's

    branch NKCO_CHM , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory

  • Programme NPCP_CHM Master's

    branch NPCO_CHM , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory

  • Programme CKCP_CZV lifelong learning

    branch CKCO_CZV , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit


Laboratory exercise

52 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer