Course detail

Biochemistry I

FCH-BAA_BCH1Acad. year: 2019/2020

Organization and composition of living cells and cellular compartments. Amino acids - composition and structure, peptides, proteins. Methods of isolation and separation of proteins. Functional roles of proteins. Nucleic acids. Carbohydrates. Lipids. Biomembranes. Metabolic pathways. termodynamic relationships and energy-rich components. Enzymology, enzyme catalysis. Enzyme kinetics, inhibition of enzymes. Regulation of enzyme activity. Nucleic acids. Applied biochemistry.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

After passing of the course Biochemistry I is student mastered of overview about cell composition, structure, properties and function of basic groups of biomolecules, e.g. amino acids, proteins, saccharides, lipids and nucleic acids. Further, basic knowledge about structure of biomemrbanes and types of membrane transport are introduced and basic principles of enzyme catalysis, kinetics and regulation of enzyme activity are elucidated. Next, overview about methods of isolation and characterization of biopolymers will be obtained and some applications including enzyme engineering and genetic engineering will be discussed.

Prerequisites

Knowledge of organic chemistry, basic knowledge of physical chemistry.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Metzler D.A.: Biochemistry. Academic Press, 2003. (EN)
Berg, Tymoczko, Stryer: Biochemistry. W.H.Freeman, 2002. (EN)
Alberts et al: Molecular Biology of the Cell. Garland Science, 2003. (EN)
Elektronická verze přednášek. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Credit test. Examination - written and oral part.

Language of instruction

English

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

Organization and composition of living cells and cellular compartments.
Amino acids - composition and structure, peptides, proteins.
Methods of isolation, purification and separation of proteins.
Functional roles of proteins.
Carbohydrates - monosaccharides, polysaccharides, glycoproteins.
Lipids - structure and classification. Triglycerides, phospholipids. Isoprenoids.
Biomembranes. Membrane transport.
Enzymology, enzyme catalysis. Substrate specificity. Cofactors. Regulation of enzyme activity.
Enzyme kinetics, Michaelis-Menten equation. Inhibition of enzymes.
Metabolic pathways. termodynamic relationships and energy-rich components.
Nucleic acids - structure and function. DNA, RNA.
Applide biochemistry - modern biotechnology, genetic engineering.

Aims

The aim of the course Biochemistry I is to introduce cell composition and to characterize structure, properties and function of basic groups of biomolecules, e.g. amino acids, proteins, saccharides, lipids and nucleic acids. Further, structure of biomemrbanes and types of membrane transport are explained and basic principles of enzyme catalysis, kinetics and regulation of enzyme activity are elucidated. Next, methods of isolation and characterization of biopolymers are introduced and some applications including enzyme engineering and genetic engineering are discussed.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

none

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BPCP_CHCHT_INT Bachelor's

    branch BPCO_SCH , 1. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, optional

  • Programme NPCP_CHM_INT Master's

    branch NPCO_CHM , 1. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, optional

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer