Plasma Physics and Diagnostics
FEKT-NFPLAcad. year: 2019/2020
This course is an introduction to plasma science. The following topics are demonstrated during a semester:
Plasma state properties. Plasma generation. Plasma of gas discharges. Plasma and energy conversion (MHD generators, direct conversion of heat into electrical energy). Plasma as a source of radiation, plasma source of light, low-pressure and high pressure lamps, gaseous lasers, plasma displays. Plasma as working medium (material processing, electrical cleaning of gases). Plasma as particles source (generation of ions and fast neutrals). Plasma as a source of motion (ion and plasma drives). Controlled thermonuclear fusion.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Graduates in the subject are able to:
- recognize characteristics of the plasma state and illustrate its properties;
- give examples of the plasma state either in nature or in industrial practice;
- demonstrate skills in a mathematical modeling of a plasma;
- use mathematical formulas for description of basic plasma processes;
- define kinetic processes in a plasma state;
- describe transport and thermodynamic properties in a plasma;
- describe collision processes in a plasma;
- analyse motion of charged particles in both electric and magnetic fields;
- characterize various gas discharges;
- describe DC and AC arc plasmas;
- recognize basic plasma diagnostic methods;
- explain principles of nuclear fusion as a source of energy.
The subject knowledge on the Bachelor´s degree level is requested.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
F. F. Chen: Úvod do fyziky plazmatu, Academia, Praha, 1984 (CS)
B. Gross, B. Grycz, K. Miklóssy: Technika plazmatu, SNTL, Praha, 1967 (CS)
B. Gross: Měření vysokých teplot, SNTL, Praha, 1962 (CS)
J. Kracík, J.B. Slavík, J. Tobiáš: Elektrické výboje, SNTL, Praha, 1964. (CS)
M. I. Boulous, P. Fauchais, E. Pfender: Thermal Plasmas - Fundamentals and Applications, Plenum Press, New York, 1994. (EN)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Techning methods include lectures, numerical seminars and practical laboratories. One lecture is given by a representative of an industrial company. Course is taking advantage of e-learning (Moodle) system. Students elaborate protocols of lab measurements, including individual numerical tasks.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
- written test, up to 15 pts;
- numerical and laboratory projects, up to 55 pts;
- attendance of a lecture of industrial expert, 5 pts;
- final written test, up to 25 pts
Language of instruction
1. Introduction to plasma physic, history, basic parameters.
2. Plasma technology - introduction.
3. Charged particles motion.
4. Introduction to kinetic theory of gases.
5. Classification of gas discharges.
6. Electric arc, switching arc.
7. Plasma diagnostics.
8. Thermodynamic and transport properties of a plasma.
9. Non-isothermal plasma.
10. Plasma radiation.
12. Controlled thermonuclear fusion.
13. Summary, final test.
- to obtain an overall view of the plasma science of materials and applications to engineering;
- to develop problem solving skills in plasma technologies;
- to become aware of the role of plasma physics in industrial sphere;
- to recognize basic methods of plasma diagnostics in quenching chambers of switchgear, plasma torches and other plasma devices.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.