Course detail

Junctions and nanostructures

FEKT-DFY1Acad. year: 2019/2020

Quantum Mechanics essentials. The interfaces: semiconductor A-semiconductor B, semiconductor-metal, semiconductor-metal interface. Depletion layer, properties. Transport of carriers through the interface. Photovoltaic phenomena. Noise in semiconductors. Limits for structures miniaturization. Principal limits by Quantum and Statistical Physics.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The student will acquire ideas about modern Physics description and explanation of phenomena, that take place in semiconductor structures, on their interfaces and in nanostructures. He is able to explain the nature of physical limits in the semiconductor devices miniaturization.

Prerequisites

Prerequisities - Magister degree in Electrical Engiennering or related Diploma

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

0-20 points project
0-80 points final exam

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Introduction, the philosophy of modern physics and the physical nature of substances (moving atoms, molecules, clusters, etc.).
2. Special theory of relativity (Michelson-Morley experiment, Galileo and Lorentz transformation, Lorentz-FitzGerald contraction, time dilatation and other consequences).
3. Particle properties of waves (thermal radiation, quantum light theory, photoelectric effect, Compton effect, X-ray diffraction).
4. Wave properties of particles (duality principle, de Broglie wave, group and phase velocity, wave function, particle diffraction, uncertainty principle, John Wheeler's experiment).
5. Quantum mechanics (wave function, Schrödinger equation, Eigen values ​​and functions, medium value operators, solution of the particle in the potential trap, Schrödinger's paradox).
6. Problems in quantum mechanics (degree of potential energy, harmonic oscillator, tunneling, resonant tunneling, quantum dot).
7. Quantum description of the hydrogen atom (SR for the hydrogen atom, quantum numbers, Zeeman effect, Stark effect, Bohr model).
8. Multi-electron atoms (electron configuration, Hund's rule, atomic spectra).
9. Energy states and energy band theories.
10. Interface (homogeneous and heterogeneous transitions in semiconductors, semiconductor-metal, semiconductor-insulator, Poisson equation, typical electron traps, state density).
11. Nanoelectronics and charge transport (quantum conductivity, Coulomb Blocking and oscillation, Hall's phenomena).
11. Excursion to Thermo Fisher Scientific (FEI Czech Republic s.r.o.).
12. Microscopy (TEM, SEM, Field Ion Microscopy, measurement in laboratory).
13. Spectroscopy (IR, Raman, X-Ray, magnetic resonance, measurement in laboratory).

Aims

The target of the lecture is to present important phenomena of temporary Semiconductors interfaces and nanostructures with help of appropriate tools - Quantum and Statistical Physics.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme EKT-PP Doctoral

    branch PP-BEB , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PK Doctoral

    branch PK-BEB , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PP Doctoral

    branch PP-KAM , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PK Doctoral

    branch PK-KAM , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PP Doctoral

    branch PP-EST , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PK Doctoral

    branch PK-EST , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PP Doctoral

    branch PP-MVE , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PK Doctoral

    branch PK-MVE , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized
    branch PK-MET , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PP Doctoral

    branch PP-MET , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized
    branch PP-FEN , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PK Doctoral

    branch PK-FEN , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PP Doctoral

    branch PP-SEE , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PK Doctoral

    branch PK-SEE , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized
    branch PK-TLI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PP Doctoral

    branch PP-TLI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PK Doctoral

    branch PK-TEE , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EKT-PP Doctoral

    branch PP-TEE , 1. year of study, winter semester, 4 credits, optional specialized

Type of course unit