Course detail

Financial Markets

FP-ftPAcad. year: 2019/2020

Contents of lectures:
Types of financial transactions
- Direct and indirect funding, the types of financial markets
- Factors integration of financial market segments
- Current trends in the financial system
Financial institutions
- The banking system, banking institutions, banking transactions, bank products
- Other non-banking financial market institutions
The theory of interest rates and their effect in the financial system
Introduction to the theory of financial investments
- The definition of "investment," their distribution and basic characteristics
- Supply and demand in investment financial instruments
- Basic factors of investment strategies for investor
- The interdependence of investment factors
The financial investment tools
Classic Securities
- Business (corporate) shares
- Bonds
- Developments in the financial markets in the different stages of the economic cycle
Stocks and bonds of collective investment
Financial derivatives
- Definition of spot and futures
- Fixed-term contracts, forwards and futures
- Swap contracts
- Option contracts
- Synthetic (composite) financial derivatives
Structured products

The content of the seminars / Fundamentals of Financial Mathematics /
1. Simple interest and discounting
2. Compound Interest
4. Pensions
5. Loan Repayment
6. Bonds and Stocks
7. Credit test

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will acquire theoretical and practical knowledge and skills from all spheres connected with functioning of a financial market. They will understand the significance of the financial market for the economy of every state and will have a grasp of the function and mission of each institution and subject operating on the financial market. They will learn to differentiate financial tools and to use them in practice. Students will also learn how to plan and carry out basic financial operations using existing financial tools in the corporate practice as well as for personal finances management.


The course is a follow-up to the knowledge of theory of market economy, monetary theory, and ways of pursuing of expansive and restrictive monetary and fiscal policy in an open economy, basic activities of banking system institutions.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

REJNUŠ, Oldřich. Finanční trhy: učebnice s programem na generování cvičných testů. První vydání. Praha: Grada Publishing, a.s., 2016. 380 stran. ISBN 978-80-247-5871-8.
Rejnuš, Oldřich. Finanční trhy. 4., aktualiz. a rozš. vyd. Praha: Grada, 2014. 760 s. Profesional. ISBN 978-80-247-3671-6.
Cipra, T.: Praktický průvodce finanční a pojistnou matematikou. Praha: HZ, 1995
Polidar,V.: Management bank a bankovních obchodů. Praha, Ekopress, 1999
Meluzín, T. Finanční trhy-cvičení. Brno: CERM, 2005. 1. vyd. ISBN 80-214-3048-6.
ŠOBA,O., ŠIRŮČEK, M.: Finanční matematika v praxi. 2., aktualizované a rozšířené vydání, Grada, Praha, 2017. ISBN 978-80-271-0250-1. (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics of financial mathematics.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The course-unit credit is awarded on condition of successful completion of a written test which is focused especially on financial mathematics. The test contains five examples for each correct calculation example a student can get up to 5 points. Student of the test can get 25 points, the minimum number of points for which a credit is granted is 15. Passing the test and thus the course-unit credit is subject to the student's admission to the examination. The result of the written test consists of 30% and result of oral constitute 70% of the total classification.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

Předmět se zabývá jak teoretickými, tak především praktickými aspekty fungování finančního trhu. Jedná se jak o jednotlivé druhy zde působících finančních institucí, existujících finančních nástrojů, jakož i o nejvýznamnější druhy finančních obchodů, které jsou na finančních trzích realizovány. Současně obsahuje základy finanční matematiky.
1. Finanční trhy, jejich vymezení a funkce v ekonomice.
2. Finanční instituce, jejich produkty a služby.
3. Úrokové sazby a jejich význam v ekonomice.
4. Klíčové faktory finančních investic.
5. Základní druhy finančních investičních instrumentů.
6. Klasické cenné papíry (1. část).
7. Klasické cenné papíry (2. část).
8. Termínové derivátové instrumenty (1. část).
9. Termínové derivátové instrumenty (2. část).
10. Investiční a podílové fondy.
11. Strukturované produkty.
12. Regulace a dohled ve finančním systému.
13. Soudobé vývojové trendy světového finančního systému.


The main objective of the course is to teach students how to understand ding financial system as the integral part of an economic system as well as its role, substance and importance of its functioning. Students will learn how to actively participate in standard types of financial operations with individual types of investment financial tools, from the corporate financial transactions point of view as well as from the personal finances management point of view. Also dealt with are the fundamentals of financial mathematics necessary for financial practice.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The control of participation is fully in teacher’s competence. Active participation in lessons, control of knowledge in seminars.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BAK-UAD Bachelor's, 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory-optional
  • Programme BAK-EP Bachelor's, 2. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer