Course detail

Fine Art in Brno Architecture (1948–1989) 1

FaVU-VUBAI-ZAcad. year: 2019/2020

The lectures focus on the cooperation of notable Brno-based architects and fine artists who designed both individual buildings and urban complexes in 1948 - 1989. Special attention will be paid to the activities of artists' and architects' unions and the legislative framework of the artist-architect cooperation. The lectures will introduce key architects and artists active in the cultural and political context of post-war Czechoslovakia. The lectures will also trace the development of this cooperation on the background of political/cultural changes: socialist realism of the 1950s, the thaw of the 1960s, the so-called "normalization" period of post-1968 occupied Czechoslovakia. Two field trips will be arranged during the semester which will connect on-site research with a guided tour in front of the "originals". One lecture will be held by an invited speaker specializing on the period of Czechoslovak socialist realism.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will gain introductory level of insight into developments of post-war Brno fine arts and architecture. They will be capable of identifying stylistic features of international architecture and fine arts on the examples taken from Brno. The will know important authors, both from the fields of architecture and fine arts and they will know theoretical frameworks of interpretation and evaluation of post-war cultural heritage.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of the history of post-bellum architecture. General cultural knowledge.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Bartková, Růžena: K životnímu jubileu Vladimíra Meduny. Architektura ČSR XLIII, 1984, č. 8, s. 366–368. (CS)
Benešová, Marie: Fakultní nemocnice v Brně. Architektura ČSR XLIII, 1984, č. 4, s. 146–152. (CS)
Crhonek, Iloš (ed.): Brno v architektuře a výtvarném umění. Brno: Blok 1981. (CS)
Crhonek, Iloš: Školy jihomoravského kraje 1945–1970. Brno: Odbor školství Jihomoravského krajského úřadu v Brně 1971. (CS)
Čubrda, Zdeněk: Miloš Axman. Praha: Odeon 1988. (CS)
Čubrda, Zdeněk: Výtvarní umělci Jihomoravského kraje 1985. Výstava ke 40. výročí osvobození Československa sovětskou armádou (kat. výst.). Brno: Dům umění města Brna 1985. (CS)
Dvořáková, Nina – Malina, Jaroslav. Zdeněk Macháček. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM 2005. (CS)
Gabrielová, Bronislava: Expozice Jiřího Marka – podnět k hodnocení jeho tvorby. Bulletin Moravské galerie LV, 1999, s. 157–161. (CS)
Gabrielová, Bronislava – Marčák, Bohumil (eds.): Sylva Lacinová. Brno: Moravská galerie Brno a Město Brno 1996. (CS)
Haimann, Petr: Architektura a výtvarné umění v Brně. Architektura ČSR XLIII, 1984, č. 8, s. 351–354. (CS)
Konečná, Alena: O sochařském díle Františka Šenka (1914–1997). Bulletin Moravské galerie LIV, 1998, s. 125–128. (CS)
Maleček, Martin – Valentová, Veronika – Jeřábek, Miroslav (eds.): Lesná – 50 let sídliště. Brno: Občanské sdružení Obzor Lesná, 2012. (CS)
Pechar, Josef: Československá architektura 1945–1977. Praha: Odeon 1979. (CS)
Pechar, Josef: Třicet let architektury socialistického Československa. Architektura ČSR XXXIV, 1975, č. 4, s. 165–180. Pechar, Josef: Třicet let architektury socialistického Československa. Architektura ČSR XXXIV, 1975, č. 4, s. 165–180. (CS)
Pelčák, Petr (ed.): Viktor Rudiš. Stavby a projekty 1953–2002. Brno: Obecní dům 2005. (CS)
Petišková, Tereza: Československý socialistický realismus 1948–1958. Praha: Gallery 2002. (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching is structured as a combination of lectures and field trips.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Exam (written test).

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Introduction: from the Brno interwar modern to the establishment of Stavoprojekt
2. Introduction of the artists' unions and their publishing activities (The Union of Czechoslovak Fine Artists, The Union of Czechoslovak Architects, The Czech Fund of Fine Art, Dílo)
3. Socialist realism in Brno architecture
4. Czechoslovak socialist realism - lecture by an external expert
5. Notable architects working in the style of socialist realism in Brno
6. notable sculptors working in the style of socialist realism in Brno
7. From Khrushcev's critique of decorativism in architecture to Brno post-war modern: the last projects in the style of socialist realism, examples of experimental housing estate projects
8. Filed trip 1> socialist realism and experimental housing estate projects in Brno
9. "Brno - the trade fairs capital" (reconstruction of the trade fair grounds and the international hotels
10. Legislative anchoring of art decoration in architecture (the government resolution no. 355/1963 and the consequent regulations)
11. Notable architects of the Brno modern (Spurný, Ruller, Dvořák, Řihák, etc)
12. Notable artists of the Brno postwar modern (Jan Rajlich sen., Lacinová, Marek, Martínek, Macháček, etc)

Aims

The course focuses on the institutional and legislative background of architectonic and artistic projects in Brno realized in the postwar period; these will be put into a broder context of socialist ralism and the international modern.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance not compulsory

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme VUM Master's

    branch VU-D , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-D , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-D , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-D , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-D , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-D , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, optional

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

13 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Seminar

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

eLearning