Course detail

Introduction to Philosophy of Art - wintrer

FaVU-1UFIL-ZAcad. year: 2019/2020

The course aims at introducing students to basic terminology and issues of philosophical reflection of art. The curriculum combines historical and probem approach: different variants of anwers to the question "what is art", which sprang up during the history of european thinking, are examined in this course both from historical and contemporary perspectives. The course focuses on several topics, for instance art as mimesis, art and aesthetics, art as expression, art as form, art as sign and structure; modernism - avangarde - neoavantgarde - postmodernism; various definitions of art in the second half of the 20th century will be discussed.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The graduate of the class should be capable to interprete the most influential philosophical conceptions of art, to understand basic concepts of the philosophy of art and to be able to place them into the overal framework of the history of art and its theoretical reflection.

Prerequisites

Basic orientation in the history of (especially modern) art, general view of the main periods and names of european philosophy.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Gordon GRAHAM, Filosofie umění, Brno: Barrister & Principal 2000
Konrad Paul LIESSMANN, Filozofie moderního umění, Olomouc: Votobia 2000
Jaroslav VOLEK, Kapitoly z dějin estetiky. Od antiky k počátku XX. století, Praha: Panton 1969
Mario PERNIOLA, Estetika 20. století, Praha: Karolinum 2000
Vlastimil ZUSKA, Estetika. Úvod do současnosti tradiční disciplíny, Praha: Triton 2001
Noël CARROLL, Philosophy of Art. A Contemporary Introduction, Londýn: Routledge 1999
Tomáš KULKA – Denis CIPORANOV (eds.), Co je to umění, Červený Kostelec: Mervart 2010
PLATÓN, Ústava, Praha: OIKOYMENH 1996, 2001, 2006, kniha 3., 4. a 10.
ARISTOTELÉS, Poetika, Praha: OIKOYMENH 2008
Immanuel KANT, Kritika soudnosti, Praha: Odeon 1975, http://uloz.to/xqzXazR/kritika-soudnosti-pdf
Friedrich SCHILLER, „Listy o kráse“, „Listy o estetické výchově“, in: Výbor z filozofických spisů, Praha: Svoboda-Libertas 1992
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich HEGEL, Estetika. Sv. 1, Praha: Odeon 1966, „Úvod“

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The classwork is based on the combination of lectures, aimed at the general introducing of a topic, with collective reading of short philosophical texts.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Essay.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Introduction to philosophy. What is philosophy? Aesthetics and philosophy of art.
2. The beginnings of philosophy. The ancient notion of art: techné. Artes liberales and artes mechanicae.
3. Art as mimesis. Plato and Aristotle.
4. The changes of the notion of art through history. The middle ages, the rennaissance, the enlightment. The origin and birth of the "modern system of art."
5. The birth of aesthetics as a philosophical disciplnie. The basic aesthetic categories - disinterestedness, taste, the sublime. 18th century aesthetics.
6. Kant and aesthetics. The characteristics of Kant's philosophy. The Critique of Judgement. Kant's basic terminology: taste, beauty, the sublime, genius. The beginnings of formalism in art.
7. Classical German aesthetics. Winckelmann. Lessing. Goethe and Schiller. The autonomy of the work of art and the educational role of art.
8. Romantic aesthetics. Hölderlin, Schelling, Friedrich Schlegel, Novalis. Romantic irony. Art as expression.
9. Hegel's aesthetics. The characteristics of Hegel's philosophy. Beuty as the sensual manifestation of ideas and art as the embodiment of the absolute spirit.
10. Selected issues of the mid 19th century philosophy of art. Baudelaire and modernity. L’art pour l’art. Kierkegaard and the aesthetic existence. Wilde and aestheticism.
11. Marxism and realism in art theory. Introduction to marxist methodology. Lukács.The theory of reflection.
12. Nietzche. The notion of the Apollonian and Dionysian principles.

Aims

The goal of the class is to introduce students with the basic concepts, methods and topics of the philosopical reflection of art.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Lectures are optional.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme VUB Bachelor's

    branch VU-D , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-D , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-D , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-VT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory
    branch VU-IDT , 2. year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

52 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

eLearning

eLearning: opened course